Spirit of America Bookstore

The Great Depression

common soup line photo from The Great Depression          short history

timeline of The Great Depression

books about The Great Depression

movies & TV about The Great Depression

other works about The Great Depression

links


“How'd it get like this? It's like the Depression all over again.”
— mystery author K.C. Constantine

When stock prices began falling, nothing could stop them. By the time stock values hit bottom on 13 November, investors had lost enough money to finance World War I once, or pay off the national debt twice!


          s h o r t   h i s t o r y
          t e x t
          h e r e

'The Great Depression' entry at Wikipedia


Timeline of The Great Depression

Early History   •   Crash of 1929   •   The Great Recession   •   2012


Historical  Events


The  Stock  Market  Crash  of  1929

  • 1929 Oct 24: Beginning of the stock market crash – referred to since as 'Black Thursday'.
  • 1929 Oct 28: Stock market crashes! #3 worst one-day Dow-Jones Industrial Average decline of 12.82%, closing at 260.64.
  • 1929 Oct 29: Stock market crashes! #4 worst one-day Dow-Jones Industrial Average decline of 11.73%, closing at 230.07; the infamous 'Black Tuesday' collapse of the New York stock market began America's 'Great Depression'.
  • 1929 Nov 6: Stock market crashes! #5 worst one-day Dow-Jones Industrial Average decline of 9.92%.

  • 1932 March 4: Start of hearings by the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking and Currency on the causes of the stock market crash. Generally led by committee counsel Ferdinand Pecora [1882-1971], the hearings became known as the 'Pecora Commission'. The hearings were instrumental in passage of the Glass-Steagal Acts, the Securities Act of 1933, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; the commission ended hearings on 4 May 1934 and issued their final report.
  • 1932 July 8: The Dow-Jones Industrial Average hit bottom at 41.22 points, a loss of 89.19 percent since September 1929.
  • 1932 Aug 12: #7 worst one-day Dow-Jones Industrial Average decline of 8.40%
  • 1933 March-April: President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated a series of programs called 'The New Deal' to reform the financial system and to restore the American economy. Further laws passed in 1935-36 are referred to as 'The Second New Deal'.
  • 1933 March 6: Nationwide bank holiday declared by President Roosevelt went into effect; Congress affirmed F.D.R.'s orders in the Emergency Banking Act passed on March 9.
  • 1933 March 13: End of the 'bank holiday' declared by President Roosevelt one week prior.
  • 1933 March 31: President Roosevelt signed the bill authorizing the Civilian Conservation Corps; operations were gradually ended after Pearl Harbor.
  • 1933 April 5: President Roosevelt made 'hoarding' of gold illegal, effectively taking the U.S. off the gold standard.
  • 1933 May 27: In response to the economic crisis, Congress passed the First Glass-Steagall Act.
  • 1933 June 5: The United States officially went off the gold standard.
  • 1933 June 16: Congress passed the Second Glass-Steagall Act, which founded the Federal Deposit Insurance Company, and separated commercial (consumer) banking from investment (speculative) banking.
  • 1934 May 4: End of hearings by the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking and Currency on the causes of the stock market crash, and publication of the 'Pecora Commission' final report.
  • 1934 June 6: Founding of the Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • 1935 April: President Roosevelt created the Works Projects Administration (shortly renamed Works Progress Administration) to hire the unemployed to construct and repair local public buildings, roads & other infrastructure, and to operate large arts, drama, media & literacy projects.
  • 1935 Aug 14: The Social Security Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt.


The  Great Recession of  2008
extracted from Spirit of America's 'G.O.P. Economic Meltdown' Page

  • 1999 Nov 12: Sen. Phill Gramm [GOP-TX] successfully gutted the Glass-Steagall Banking Acts of 1933 with passage of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, a major cause of the subprime mortgage meltdown of 2008.
  • 2000 Dec 14: Sen. Phil Gramm [GOP-TX] pushed through the Commodity Futures Modernization Act, deregulating all derivatives trading (a major cause of The Enron Scandal in 2001). This also deregulated petroleum futures traders, the cause of rising gas prices ever since.
  • 2001 Jan 20: Usurper Republican George W. Bush sworn into office as the 43rd President of The United States.
  • 2003 June 3: Mysterious federal ceremony claiming Republican victory in ending regulation of U.S. banks.
  • 2004 April: Hearing at the S.E.C. that gave the five top Wall Street investment banks permission to use capital reserves to invest in 'exotic instruments'.

  • 2008 March 16: JPMorgan Chase agreed to buy Bear Stearns at $2/share, but foisted $29 billion of sub-prime paper onto the U.S. Federal Reserve System.
  • 2007 April 2: New Century Financial Corp. of Orange County, California – second largest sub-prime lender in the U.S. – filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • 2008 Sept 7: Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson agreed to a government takeover (i.e. bailout) of Fannie Mae & Freddie Mac; $5.4 trillion in outstanding and very risky mortgage debt remain on the books.
  • 2008 Sept 9: Lehman Brothers stock plunged 45 percent.
  • 2008 Sept 14: Under pressure to complete negotiations started in November 2007, Bank of America bought Wall Street investment bank Merrill Lynch for $50 billion worth of BofA stock, or about $29 per share (a 38 percent premium over book value, but a 61 percent discount to the September 2007 market price).
  • 2008 Sept 15: Giant stock broker/mortgage lender Lehman Brothers filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
  • 2008 Sept 15: The Dow Jones Industrial Average index fell 504 points, the largest one-day loss since 11 September 2001.
  • 2008 Sept 17: The Dow Jones Industrial Average index dropped 450 points: down 8% for the week, and then back up on Thursday & Friday.
  • 2008 Sept 25: The U.S. Office of Thrift Supervision siezed Washington Mutual Bank after a ten-day run withdrew 9 percent of assets; JPMorgan Chase paid $1.9B for Washington Mutual later that day.
  • 2008 Oct 3: Wells Fargo Bank agreed to acquire failing Wachovia Mutual Bank for $15.1B in stock.
  • 2008 Oct 3: Congress passed a $700 billion Wall Street bailout bill.
  • 2008 Oct 6-7: Global stock market losses of $6.5 trillion (per TIME Magazine, 10/2008)
  • 2008 week of Oct 6-10: The Dow Jones Industrial Average index suffered the worst week in a hundred years, falling 18 percent.
  • 2008 Nov 4: The Democratic party won the national elections for President and for many Senate & Congress seats; Barack Obama won the election for President with 52% of the popular vote, and with 365 electoral votes to John McCain's 173 electoral votes.
  • 2008 Nov 10: The U.S. Federal Reserve & the U.S. Treasury paid out another $27.5 billion for A.I.G. losses, making a total of $150 billion.
  • 2008 Dec: Secret, interest-free loans by the U.S. Federal Reserve of $1.2 trillion to troubled 'too big to let fail' banks – including $107 billion to Morgan Stanley, $100 billion to Citigroup, and $91 billion to Bank of America – that were not revealed until August 2011.
  • 2008 Dec 31: At year-end, the Dow Jones Industrial Average index had fallen nearly 34 percent, the worst since 1931; the S&P index was down 38.5%, the worst since 1937.

  • 2009 Jan 20: Democrat Barack Obama sworn in as the 44th President of The United States.

President Obama and Democrats in Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (the 'stimulus') and the Affordable Care Act {'ObamaCare') as partial but effective solutions to the G.O.P. Economic Meltdown of 2008; the Republicans spent the four years of President Obama's first term doing everything possible to prevent his having a second term – and they failed!

Working Minds Philosophy & Action website 2012 Election Page

Working Minds Philosophy & Action website 2016 Election Page


Books About The Great Depression

Caught Short! book by Eddie Cantor  "Caught Short! A Saga of Wailing Wall Street" [1929] by Eddie Cantor
Entertainer Cantor lost multi-millions in the 1929 crash, then built up his net worth by writing several books of humorous stories and cartoons of his financial struggles, ghost written by David Freedman. American Mercury Magazine editor H.L. Mencken asserted that Cantor's books did more to pull America out of the Great Depression than all government measures combined.
Kessinger Publng 11x8¼ pb [5/2003] out of print/scarce
Simon & Schuster hardcover [1929] out of print/used

Yoo-Hoo, Prosperity / The Eddie Cantor Five-Year Plan 1931 book by Eddie Cantor & David Freeman   "Yoo-Hoo, Prosperity!: The Eddie Cantor Five-Year Plan" [1931]
by Eddie Cantor & David Freeman

The second of Cantor & Freeman's humorous and uplifting books on the Great Depression
Fraser Publng Co. 7x5 pb [11/92] out of print/used
Simon & Schuster 9x6½ hardcover [1931] out of print/used
"Caught Short!" and "Yoo-Hoo, Prosperity!:" in one volume [1969]
Greenwood Press hardcover [1969] out of print/SOLD OUT!

Bubble That Broke The World book by Garet Garrett   "The Bubble That Broke The World: The Story of The Rape of American Credit"
[Little, Brown & Co. 1932] by Garet Garrett [1878-1954]

Rapid-response novel that blows away the conventional interpretations of the causes of the stock-market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression that followed; a series of articles published in the Saturday Evening Post in 1931
Kindle Edition from Cosimo Classics [1932 edition] for 99˘ {sic}
Martino Fine Books facsimile edition 9x6 pb [8/2009] for $10.95
Cosimo Classics 8x5 pb [12/2005] for $14.99
Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [3/2007] for $17.90
Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [6/2008] for $28.84
available as free online etext at Ludwig von Mises Institute

Great American Land Bubble book by Aaron M. Sakolski  "The Great American Land Bubble: The Amazing Story of Land-Grabbing, Speculations & Booms From Colonial Days To The Present Time"
[1932 classic] by Aaron M. Sakolski

Martino Fine Books 9x6 facsimile edition pb [7/2011] for $19.95
Harper & Brothers hardcover [1932] out of print/scarce
Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions book by Irving Fisher  "The Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions" [1933]
by Irving Fisher

Kindle Edition from ThaiSunset Publns [8/2010] for $6.95
Martino Fine Books 8¼x5¾ pb [3/2011] for $5.95
CreateSpace 8½x5½ pb [6/2010] for $8.85
The Jobless Negro pamphlet by Elizabeth Lawson   "The Jobless Negro" pamphlet [1933] by Elizabeth Lawson
Chapbook-sized pamphlet issued by the National Committee of Unemployment Councils of the Communist Party USA, published by Workers Library Publishers, NY; cover price one cent
as above [1933] out of print/rare
Pecora Report 1934 book by U.S. Senate  "The Pecora Report: The Report On The Practices of Stock Exchanges From The 'Pecora Commission'" [1934] by U.S. Senate Committee on Banking and Currency
CreateSpace / Aquitaine Media 10x7 pb [9/2009] for $25.95
best available cover for Depression Island book by Upton Sinclair  "Depression Island" [self-publd 1935] by Upton Sinclair
'Published by the author' in Pasadena, California; cover price $1.00
T.W. Laurie hardcover [1935] out of print/scarce
best available cover for Age of The Great Depression book by Dixon Wecter  "The Age of The Great Depression, 1929-1941" [1948]
by Dixon Wecter

Franklin Watts 8x5½ pb [9/71] out of print/used
Prentice Hall College hardcover [9/48] out of print/used
The Great Crash 1954 classic book by John Kenneth Galbraith  "The Great Crash: 1929" [1954 classic]
by John Kenneth Galbraith [1908-2006]

Mariner Books 8¼x5½ pb [4/97] for $11.20
Houghton Mifflin mass pb [1/61] out of print/many used
book entry at Wikipedia
American Earthquake Documentary book by Edmund Wilson  "The American Earthquake: A Documentary of The Twenties and Thirties" [1958]
by Edmund Wilson

Part 1: The Follies, 1923-28; Part 2: The Earthquake, Oct. 1930-Oct. 1931;
Part 3: Dawn of The New Deal, 1932-1934
Anchor/Doubleday mass pb [1964] out of print/used
Doubleday hardcover [1958] out of print/used
Perils of Prosperity book by William E. Leuchtenburg  "The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-1932" [orig 1958, rev 1993]
by William E. Leuchtenburg

'book covers every aspect of the 1920s decade – political, economic, and social issues of the day, the state of the nation in the previous decade as well giving us better understanding of what was to come at the decade's end'
Kindle Edition from Univ Chicago Press [5/2010] for $13.45
Univ Chicago Press 8¼ pb [9/93] for $23.00
Univ Chicago Press 8¼x5½ hardcover [9/93] out of print/used
Herbert Hoover & The Great Depression book by Harris Gaylord Warren  
"Herbert Hoover & The Great Depression" [1959]
by Harris Gaylord Warren

W.W. Norton & Co. 8x5 pb [3/1967] for $24.95
Oxford Univ Press 9x6 hardcover [1959] out of print/used
Monetary History of the U.S. by Milton Friedman & Anna Jacobson Schwartz  "Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960" [1963 classic]
by Milton Friedman & Anna Jacobson Schwartz

In chapter 7 'The Great Contraction', they address the central economic event of the century, The Great Depression; Princeton published that chapter as a separate paperback in 1964
Princeton Univ Press 9¼x6½ pb [11/71] for $51.75
Princeton Univ Press hardcover [6/63] out of print/used
expanded version of Chapter 7: "The Great Contraction" [1964]
Princeton Univ Press 8½x5½ pb [8/2008] for $20.65
Princeton Univ Press pb [6/64] out of print/used
Great Depression America book by Robert S. McElvaine  
"The Great Depression: America, 1929-1941" [1968]
by Robert S. McElvaine

Times Books 25th Anniv Edition 9½x5¾ pb [12/93] for $11.09
Crown 9¼x6¼ hardcover [1/84] out of print/used
Great Depression and American Capitalism book by Robert F. Himmelberg  "The Great Depression and American Capitalism" [1968]
Edited with an Introduction by Robert F. Himmelberg

D.C. Heath & Co. pb [1968] out of print/scarce
The Great Depression American History book edited by JoAnne Weisman Deitch  "The Great Depression (Researching American History)" [1970]
Edited by JoAnne Weisman Deitch

History Compass pb [1970] for $8.95
The World In Depression book by Charles Kindleberger   "The World In Depression, 1929-1939" [1973 classic]
by Charles P. Kindleberger

Univ California Press 8¼x5½ revised & expanded pb [4/86] for $28.17
Univ California Press 8x5¾ hardcover [1975] out of print/used
Did Monetary Forces Cause The Great Depression? book by Peter Temin  "Did Monetary Forces Cause The Great Depression?" [1975]
by Peter Temin

W.W. Norton & Co. 8¼x5½ pb [12/75] for $21.02
The Day The Bubble Burst book by Gordon Thomas & Max Morgan-Witts  "The Day The Bubble Burst: A Social History of The Wall Street Crash of 1929"
[1979 bestseller] by Gordon Thomas & Max Morgan-Witts

Penguin 7¾x5 pb [10/80] out of print/used
Doubleday & Co. 9x6¼ hardcover [1979] out of print/many used
Crisis Investing 1979 bestseller book by Doug Casey  "Crisis Investing: Opportunities and Profits In The Coming Great Depression"
[Stratford Press 1979] by Douglas R. Casey

the best-selling financial book in history, remaining #1 on the New York Times bestseller list for a then-record 29 weeks
Pocket pb [2/83] out of print/many, many used
HarperCollins 8½x5½ hardcover [7/80] out of print/used
Great Depression of 1990 book by Dr. Ravi Batra  "Regular Cycles of Money, Inflation, Regulation, and Depressions" [1984 bestseller]
by Dr. Ravi Batra

Liberty Press hardcover [9/85] out of print/used
was published later as "The Great Depression of 1990" [1987 bestseller]
Foreword by Lester Thurow

Venus Books 8½x5½ pb [1988] out of print/used
Dell mass pb [5/88] out of print/dozens used
Simon & Schuster 8¼x5¾ hardcover [5/87] out of print/hundreds used
The Great Depression book by Pierre Berton  
"The Great Depression, 1929-1939" [1990] by Pierre Berton
Anchor Canada 8¾x6½ pb [10/2001] for $18.95
Penguin Books Canada mass pb [1991] out of print/used
McClelland & Stewart 9¾x6¼ hardcover [9/90] out of print/many used
The Depression and the Urban West Coast book by William H. Mullins  "The Depression and The Urban West Coast, 1929-1933: Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, and Portland" [1991] by William H. Mullins
Indiana Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [11/2000] for $21.60
Indiana Univ Press hardcover [11/2000] out of print/used
The Great Depression & A Teenager's Fight To Survive book by Duval A. Edwards  "The Great Depression and A Teenager's Fight To Survive: A Runaway Youth's Adventures" [March 1992] by Duval A. Edwards
Red Apple Publng 8½x5½ pb [3/92] out of print/used
Golden Fetters book by Barry J. Eichengreen  "Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and The Great Depression, 1919-1939" [1992]
by Barry Eichengreen

Oxford Univ Press 8¾x6 pb [2/96] for $22.00
Oxford Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [5/92] out of print/used
Since Yesterday, The Nineteen-Thirties In America book by Frederick Allen  "Since Yesterday: The Nineteen-Thirties In America; September 3, 1929 - September 3, 1939" [1994] by Frederick Lewis Allen
Benediction Books 9x5¾ pb [3/2009] for $22.49
Borgo Press 9¼x6 hardcover [1994] out of print/used
Endangered Dreams / The Great Depression in California book by Kevin Starr  "Endangered Dreams: The Great Depression In California" [1996]
by Kevin Starr, California State Librarian Emeritus

Oxford Univ Press 9x6 pb [11/97] for $22.45
Oxford Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [1/96] for $60.00
Great Depression by Beyer  "The Great Depression: A Nation In Distress" [YA 1996]
by Janet Beyer & JoAnne Weisman Deitch

Tandem Library 7¼x5¼ econoclad [10/2001] for $15.25
Discovery Enterprises 7½x5¼ pb [4/96] out of print/used
The New Deal   "The New Deal: Hope For The Nation" [1997]
by Cheryl Edwards

Tandem Library 7½x5¼ econoclad [10/2001] for $15.25
Discovery Enterprises 7½x5¾ pb [3/97] out of print/used
Defining Moment American Economy in the Twentieth Century book edited by Bordo, Goldin & White  "The Defining Moment: The Great Depression and The American Economy In The Twentieth Century (National Bureau of Economic Research Project Report)" [1997]
Edited by Michael D. Bordo, Claudia Goldin & Eugene N. White

Univ Chicago Press 9¼x6¼ hardcover [12/1997] for $87.50
Crucial Era, Great Depression & World War II book by Gerald D. Nash  "The Crucial Era: The Great Depression and World War II, 1929-1945"
[1992, rev 1998] by Gerald D. Nash

Waveland Press 2nd Edition 9x6 pb [7/98] for $17.50
Return of Depression Economics book by Paul Krugman  "The Return of Depression Economics" [1999]
by {future Nobel laureate} Paul Krugman

W.W. Norton & Co. 8x5½ pb [5/2000] out of print/many used
W.W. Norton & Co. 8½x6 hardcover [4/99] out of print/many used
see also greatly-updated edition issued in 2008 {below}
Great Depression / Hungry Years  "The Hungry Years: America In An Age of Crisis, 1929-1939" [1999]
by T.H. Watkins

"Maybe the best book ever written about the worst of times in America."
Smithsonian Magazine

Owl Books 8¼x5½ pb [9/2000] for $13.26
Henry Holt 9¾x6 hardcover [10/99] out of print/many used

"The Great Depression (Turning Points in World History)" [Jan 2000] by Don Nardo
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Turning-Points-History/dp/0737702303/

"The New Deal: America's Response to the Great Depression" [4/2000] by Ronald Edsforth
http://www.amazon.com/New-Deal-Americas-Response-Depression/dp/1577181433/

Essays on the Great Depression book by Ben S. Bernanke  "Essays On The Great Depression" [2000]
by Ben S. Bernanke

Princeton Univ Press 9x6 pb [1/2004] for $21.56
Princeton Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [4/2000] out of print/used
The Great Depression and the New Deal book by Robert F. Himmelberg  "The Great Depression and The New Deal" [2000]
by Robert F. Himmelberg

Greenwood Press 9¼x6 hardcover [11/2000] for $49.87

"Hard Times: An Oral History of The Great Depression" [Nov 2000] by 'Studs' Terkel
http://www.amazon.com/Hard-Times-History-Great-Depression/dp/1565846567/

"Great Depression" [May 2001] by D. Downing
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-D-Downing/dp/0613582187/

"Rainbow's End: The Crash of 1929" [2001] by Maury Klein
http://www.amazon.com/Rainbows-End-Pivotal-Moments-American/dp/0195135164/

"The Complete Idiot's Guide(R) To The Great Depression" [12/2001] by H. Paul Jeffers
http://www.amazon.com/Complete-Idiots-Guide-Great-Depression/dp/0028642899/

"Voices of The Great Depression: The 1930's" (2002) by Cinda Anderson
http://www.amazon.com/Voices-Great-Depression-Cinda-Anderson/dp/0759668787/

"Rethinking The Great Depression" [2002] by Gene Smiley /1566634717/
MORE WARPED RIGHT-WING PROPAGANDA, blaming F.D.R. for events before he was President

"The New Deal (The American History Series)" [1/2002] by Paul K. Conkin
http://www.amazon.com/New-Deal-American-History/dp/0882958895/

"Historic Events For Students: The Great Depression, Volumes 1-3" [Jul 2002] by Richard Clay Hanes
http://www.amazon.com/Historic-Events-Students-Great-Depression/dp/0787657018/

"Riding The Rails: Teenagers On The Move During The Great Depression" [Feb 2003] by Errol Lincoln Uys
http://www.amazon.com/Riding-Rails-Teenagers-During-Depression/dp/0415945755/

"Encyclopedia of The Great Depression" 2-volume set (Nov 2003) by Robert S. McElvaine
http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Great-Depression-Vol-Set/dp/0028656865/
http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Great-Depression-Robert-McElvaine/dp/0028656873/

Financial Reckoning Day book by William Bonner & Addison Wiggin  "Financial Reckoning Day: Surviving The Soft Depression of The 21st Century" [2003]
by William Bonner & Addison Wiggin

Wiley 8¾x5¾ pb [12/2004] for $11.53
Wiley 9&fracx6¼ hardcover [9/2003] for $18.45
The American People in the Great Depression book by David M. Kennedy  "The American People In The Great Depression (Freedom From Fear, Part One)" [2003] by David M. Kennedy
Kindle Edition from Oxford Univ Press [2003 edition] for $10.63
Oxford Univ Press 9¼x6 pb [11/2003] for $13.83
Worst Hard Time / Great American Dust Bowl  "The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived The Great American Dust Bowl" [2005] by Timothy Egan
Mariner Books 8¼x5½ pb [9/2006] for $10.17
Houghton Mifflin 9¼x6¼ hardcover [12/2005] for $18.48

"Music of The Great Depression" [2/2005] by William H. & Nancy K. Young 0313332304

"The Great Depression (Eyewitness History)" [May 2005] by David F. Burg
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Eyewitness-History/dp/0816057095/

"How Capitalism Saved America: The Untold History of Our Country, From The Pilgrims To The Present"
[8/2005] by Thomas DiLorenzo /1400083311/
"Don't be misled by this book's title: rather than a work of history, it is a work of ideology cross-dressing as history."

"How The Republicans Caused The Stock Market Crash of 1929: GPT's, Failed Transitions, and Commercial Policy"
[12/2005] by Bernard C. Beaudreau
http://www.amazon.com/Republicans-Caused-Stock-Market-Crash/dp/0595379087/
"The National Industrial Recovery Act Redux: Technology and Transitions" [12/2005] by Bernard C. Beaudreau
http://www.amazon.com/National-Industrial-Recovery-Act-Redux/dp/0595379028/

"The Defining Moment: F.D.R.'s Hundred Days and The Triumph of Hope" (5/2006)
by Jonathan Alter and Grover Gardner
http://www.amazon.com/Defining-Moment-FDRs-Hundred-Triumph/dp/0743246004/

"The Economics of The Great Depression: A Twenty-First Century Look Back At The Economics
of The Interwar Era" [5/2007] by Randall E. Parker
http://www.amazon.com/Economics-Great-Depression-Twenty-First-Interwar/dp/1845421272/

"The Great Depression In America: A Cultural Encyclopedia" in two volumes [7/2007]
by William H. & Nancy K. Young 0313335206

New History of The Great Depression  ”The Forgotten Man: A New History of The Great Depression” [2007]
by Amity Shlaes

"a skeptical critique of the New Deal", but a thorough history nonetheless
HarperCollins 9x6 hardcover [6/2007] for $16.17
Great Myths of The Great Depression pamphlet by right-wing economist Lawrence W. Reed   "Great Myths of The Great Depression" pamphlet [2008]
by Lawrence W. Reed

Right-wing tripe that 'explains' why The Great Depression was NOT the fault of the bankers nor of President Hoover nor of laissez faire capitalism and that President Roosevelt's New Deal practically prevented the recovery.
9¼x6¾ pamphlet [2008] for $1.98 via Amazon third party
read text online free
American-Made / Legacy of the W.P.A.  
"American-Made: The Enduring Legacy of The W.P.A. - When F.D.R. Put The Nation To Work" [2008] by Nick Taylor
Bantam 9¾x6 hardcover [2/2008] for $17.92
Random House official booksite
Depression Economics & the Crisis of 2008 book by Paul Krugman  "The Return of Depression Economics and The Crisis of 2008"
[2008 New York Times bestseller] by {Nobel-laureate} Paul Krugman

W.W. Norton & Co. 8¼x5½ pb [9/2009] for $11.32
W.W. Norton & Co. hardcover [12/2008] for $14.99

"The Great Depression and the New Deal: A Very Short Introduction" (Mar 2008) by Eric Rauchway
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-New-Deal-Introductions/dp/0195326342/

"This Side of Despair: How the Movies and American Life Intersected During
the Great Depression" (May 2008) by Philip Hanson
http://www.amazon.com/This-Side-Despair-Intersected-Depression/dp/0838641296/

"Everything Was Better In America: Print Culture In The Great Depression" [May 2008] by David Welky
http://www.amazon.com/Everything-Was-Better-America-Communication/dp/0252075048/

"The Great Depression and the New Deal" (Sep 2008) by Kevin Hillstrom
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Defining-Moments-Omnigraphics/dp/078081049X/

Myth of the Great Depression book by David Potts  "The Myth of The Great Depression" [2008] by David Potts
Author interviewed Australians who experienced the Great Depression; a great many remembered a happy time, 'everyone was solving problems together'. CAVEAT: Perhaps the folks who were unhappy did not survive into old age to be interviewed? Nonetheless, reviewers thought the book wonderful.
Scribe Publns Pty Ltd 8x5½ pb [12/2009] for $29.95
Scribe Publns Pty Ltd 9¼x6¼ hardcover [9/2008] for $49.95

"America's Great Depression" [Jan 2009] by Murray N. Rothbard
http://www.amazon.com/Americas-Great-Depression-Murray-Rothbard/dp/1607960656/

Politically Incorrect Guide To The Great Depression & The New Deal propaganda by dunderhead Robert P. Murphy  "The Politically Incorrect Guide To The Great Depression and The New Deal" [3/2009] by Robert P. Murphy, PhD
More accurate title for this series is just 'Incorrect Guide'; contains right-wing propaganda
with no relation to reality – you should not buy or read this garbage.

"The Great Depression" [Mar 2009] by Lionel Robbins & Murray Weidenbaum
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Lionel-Robbins/dp/1412810086/

"Lessons From The Great Depression For Dummies" [7/2009] by Steve Wiegand
http://www.amazon.com/Lessons-Great-Depression-Dummies-Wiegand/dp/0470487488/

"Nature's New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps and The Roots of The American Environmental Movement"
[Aug 2009] by Neil M. Maher
http://www.amazon.com/Natures-New-Deal-Conservation-Environmental/dp/0195392418/

"The Great Depression: America In The 1930s" [Oct 2009] by T.H. Watkins
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-America-1930s/dp/0316080438/

"The Return of The Great Depression" [10/2009] by Vox Day
http://www.amazon.com/The-Return-Great-Depression-Vox/dp/1935071181/

Lords of Finance book by Liaquat Ahamed  "Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke The World" [2009]
by Liaquat Ahamed

listed Best of 2009 by Time Magazine & won the Pulitzer Prize for History
Penguin 8½x5½ pb [12/2009] for $9.79
Penguin Press 9½x6½ hardcover [1/2009] for $21.75
Dancing In The Dark / History of The Great Depression book by Morris Dickstein  "Dancing In The Dark: A Cultural History of The Great Depression" [2009]
by Morris Dickstein

Kindle Edition from W.W. Norton [9/2009] for $14.99
W.W. Norton & Co. 8¼x5½ pb [9/2010] for $17.47
W.W. Norton & Co. 10x7 hardcover [9/2009] for $22.76
Great Depression Diary book by Benjamin Roth  "The Great Depression: A Diary" [2009]
by Benjamin Roth, Edited by James Ledbetter & Daniel B. Roth

Personal account by lawyer Roth [1894-1978], edited by Slate reporter Ledbetter and Roth's son Daniel
Kindle Edition from PublicAffairs [10/2009] for $9.99
PublicAffairs 9x6 pb [8/2010] for $11.64
PublicAffairs 9¼x6 hardcover [10/2009] out of print/used
Global Economic Crisis book edited by Michel Chossudovsky & Andrew Gavin Marshall  "The Global Economic Crisis: The Great Depression of The XXIst Century" [2010]
Edited by Michel Chossudovsky & Andrew Gavin Marshall

contributors include Ellen Brown, Tom Burghardt, editor Chossudovsky, Richard C. Cook, Shamus Cooke, John Bellamy Foster, Michael Hudson, Tanya Carina Hsu, Fred Magdoff, editor Marshall, James Petras, Peter Phillips, Peter Dale Scott, Bill Van Auken, Claudia von Werlhof & Mike Whitney
Global Research Publrs 8¼x5½ pb [5/2010] for $17.13

Peak Oil and The Second Great Depression book by Kenneth D. Worth  "Peak Oil and The Second Great Depression (2010-2030): A Survival Guide For Investors and Savers After Peak Oil" [2010] by Kenneth D. Worth
Outskirts Press 9x6 pb [6/2010] for $12.95
Hellhound of Wall Street book by Michael Perino  "The Hellhound of Wall Street: How Ferdinand Pecora's Investigation of The Great Crash Forever Changed American Finance" [2010]
by Michael Perino

Penguin 8¼x5½ pb [9/2011] for $12.75
Penguin Press 9¼x6¼ hardcover [10/2010] for $12.99

"Epic Recession: Prelude To Global Depression" [5/2010] by Jack Rasmus
http://www.amazon.com/Epic-Recession-Prelude-Global-Depression/dp/0745329985/

"California On The Breadlines: Dorothea Lange, Paul Taylor, and The Making of A New Deal Narrative"
(July 2010) by Jan Goggans
http://www.amazon.com/California-Breadlines-Dorothea-Taylor-Narrative/dp/0520266218/

"The Great Depression - Is It Back?" (Oct 2010) by Joseph Newburg
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Back-ebook/dp/B0049B2CHA/

"The Great Depression Put To Music, Song and Dance" (Aug 2011) by June Bear Ritchie
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-Music-Song-Dance/dp/1426971095/

"Defining Moments: The Great Depression and The New Deal" (Sep 2011) by Kevin Hillstrom
http://www.amazon.com/Defining-Moments-Great-Depression-Deal/dp/0780812492/

"Global Capitalist Crisis and The Second Great Depression: Egalitarian Systemic
Models For Change" (Nov 2011) by Armando Navarro
http://www.amazon.com/Global-Capitalist-Crisis-Second-Depression/dp/0739170163/
http://www.amazon.com/Global-Capitalist-Crisis-Second-Depression/dp/0739173758/

"Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945" [] by David M. Kennedy
http://www.amazon.com/Freedom-Fear-American-Depression-1929-1945/dp/0195144031/

"The Great Bull Market: Wall Street in the 1920s" [] by Robert Sobel
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Bull-Market-American-History/dp/0393098176/

"Myth of the Great Depression, 1873-96" [] by S.B. Saul
http://www.amazon.com/Depression-1873-1896-Studies-Economic-History/dp/033340212X
http://www.amazon.com/Great-Depression-1873-96-Economic-History/dp/0333049721

"The Causes of the Panic of 1893" [] by W. Jett Lauck
http://www.amazon.com/Causes-Panic-1893-Jett-Lauck/dp/1140392875/

"The Depression of the Nineties: An Economic History" [] by Charles Hoffmann
http://www.amazon.com/The-Depression-Nineties-Contributions-Economics/dp/0837118557/

"One Third of a Nation: Lorena Hickok Reports on the Great Depression" [1981] by Lorena Hickok
http://www.amazon.com/One-Third-Nation-Reports-Depression/dp/0252010965/

End This Depression Now! book by Paul Krugman  "End This Depression Now!" [2012] by Nobel-laureate Paul Krugman
Kindle Edition from W.W. Norton & Co. [4/2012] for $9.48
W.W. Norton & Co. 9¼x6¼ pb [1/2013] for $10.85
W.W. Norton & Co. 10½x6½ hardcover [4/2012] for $14.71
The Money Makers / Roosevelt and Keynes book by Eric Rauchway  "The Money Makers: How Roosevelt and Keynes Ended The Depression, Defeated Fascism, and Secured A Prosperous Peace" [2015] by Eric Rauchway
Kindle Edition from Basic Books/Hachette [10/2015] for $16.99
Basic Books 9¼x6 hardcover [10/2015] for $22.74
see also the Franklin Delano Roosevelt [1882-1945] Page at Spirit of America
see also the John Maynard Keynes [1883-1946] Page at Maison d'Ętre Philosophy Bookstore
see also the Barbarians / Fascism Page at Working Minds Philosophy
History of the United States in Five Stock Market Crashes book by Scott Nations  "A History of The United States In Five Crashes: Stock Market Meltdowns  6/2017
That Defined A Nation" [2017] by Scott Nations

The five events covered are: The Panic of 1907; Black Tuesday (1929) which swiftly led to the Great Depression; Black Monday (1987) when the Dow dropped an astonishing 22.6 percent in one day; The Great Recession (2008); and The Flash Crash (2010): which caused the Dow to shed 998.5 points (roughly a trillion dollars in valuation) in just minutes
Kindle Edition from William Morrow/HarperCollins [6/2017] for $14.99
William Morrow 8x5¼ pb [DUE May 2018] for $12.15
William Morrow 9x6 hardcover [6/2017] for $19.71


Movies & TV About The Great Depression
search on keywords 'Great Depression' (returns 400+ titles) at Internet Movie Database

We're in the Money / Depression-Era Films book by Andrew Bergman  "We're In The Money: Depression America and Its Films" [1971]
by Andrew Bergman

Ivan R. Dee 8½x5¾ pb [11/2007] for $14.95
HarperCollins College 7¾x5¼ pb [6/75] out of print/used
New York Univ Press hardcover [10/71] out of print/used
This Side of Despair / Movies & American Life book by Philip Hanson  "This Side of Despair: How The Movies and American Life Intersected
During The Great Depression" [2008] by Philip Hanson

Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press 9¼x6½ hardcover [5/2008] out of print/used

'Our Daily Bread' & Other Films of The Great Depression on DVD  "Our Daily Bread & Other Films of The Great Depression" DVD Box Set [1999]
Image Ent. b&w DVD [8/99] for $26.99
contains King Vidor's "Our Daily Bread" [1934; 78 minutes, with prologue]; "California Election News #1 and #2" [13 minutes]; "The Plow That Broke The Plains" [1936; 25-minute classic] by Pare Lorentz; "The River" [1938, 31-minute classic] by Pare Lorentz; "Power and The Land" [1940; 37 minutes] by Joris Ivens & Stephen Vincent Benet; and "The New Frontier" [1934; 10 minutes]

Popular Movies from the Great Depression Era DVD box set  "Popular Movies From The Great Depression Era: 1930s Life and Culture" Box Set [2008]
Quality Information Publrs DVD-R set [2008] 22 disks for $99.99
The manufacturer named the set 'From The Great Depression Era' because the only direct value here is just that: these films reflect a range of issues and tastes of that time. The fact that these filma are public domain points to the high failure rate of shoe-string ('Gower Gulch') production companies in the late 1930s. Contains 21 public domain feature films (four Westerns) and one short film: "Crashing Through Danger" [Excelsior Pictures 1938]: hard-working utility workers in Los Angeles of 70 years ago; "Danger Lights" [R.K.O. 1930] railroad work in the 1930s disguised as a
romance, starring Jean Arthur; "The Devil Diamond" [Conn/Ambassador 1937] starring Frankie Darro; "Disorder In The Court" [Columbia Pictures 1936] Three Stooges comedy short; "The Fighting Deputy" Western [Spectrum Pictures 1937]; "Gang Bullets" [Monogram Pictures 1938]; "The Girl From Calgary" [Monogram Pictures 1932] starring Fifi D'Orsay; "Go-Get-'Em Haines" [Republic Pictures 1936] starring William Boyd on a cruise ship; "Gunsmoke Ranch" Western [Republic Pictures 1937] starring The Three Mesquiteers; "The Hard Hombre" Western [1931] starring Hoot Gibson; "Here's Flash Casey" [Grand National 1938] based on a story by George Harmon Coxe; "Honor of The Range" Western [Universal Pictures 1934] starring Ken Maynard; "Manhattan Tower" [Remington Pictures 1932]; "New Adventures of Tarzan" [Burroughs-Tarzan Enterprises 1935] starring Bruce Bennett as Tarzan; "Night Alarm" [Majestic Pictures 1934] starring Bruce Cabot; "The President's Mystery"
[Republic Pictures 1936] 'story concept' by Franklin D. Roosevelt; "Revolt of The Zombies" [Academy Pictures 1936]; "Roaring Roads" [Ajax/Commodore 1935]; "Shadows Over Shanghai" [Grand National 1938]; "Slander House" [Progressive Pictures 1938]; "Telephone Operator" [Monogram Pictures 1937]; and "Under The Big Top" [Monogram 1938]

"Wild Boys of The Road"  [1933]
kids hopping freights during the Depression; dir by Wm. Wellman /tt0024772/

"Our Daily Bread"  [1934]
Directed by King Vidor; starring Karen Morley, Tom Keene
http://www.amazon.com/Our-Daily-Bread-Karen-Morley/dp/B000VSOZMU/

"My Man Godfrey"  [1936]

"The Plow That Broke The Plains" [1936; 25-minute classic] by Pare Lorentz /tt0122662/

"The River" [1938, 31-minute classic] by Pare Lorentz

"Power and The Land" [1940; 37 minutes] by Joris Ivens & Stephen Vincent Benet

"Sullivan's  Travels"  [Paramount Dec 1941]
Sullivan's Travels poster  A successful director of lightweight popular films decides that he wants to make a serious movie about people affected by the Great Depression. When his producers counter that he knows nothing about such lives, the director goes on the road as a hobo. Co-produced, written & directed by Preston Sturges [1898-1959]; starring Joel McCrea, Veronica Lake, Robert Warwick, William Demarest, Franklin Pangborn, Porter Hall, Byron Foulger, Margaret Hayes, Robert Greig, Roscoe Ates & Eric Blore; listed on National Film Registry (1990)
Criterion b&w DVD [8/2001] for $35.99
Universal b&w VHS [3/92] out of prodn/many used
full credits from IMDb

"Boxcar Bertha"  [1972] /tt0068309/
Produced by Roger Corman, directed by Martin Scorsese; starring Barbara Hershey, David Carradine, Barry Primus
http://www.amazon.com/Boxcar-Bertha-Barbara-Hershey/dp/B00005UM2Y/

"Paper Moon" [1973] /tt0070510/

"Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" documentary [Dimension Pictures Aug 1975]
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? docufilm by Phillipe Mora  
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? docufilm by Phillipe Mora on DVD  
"From Human Tragedy To Hollywood Glitter"; featuring national figures Winston Churchill, John Dillinger, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Gerald Ford, Herbert Hoover, J. Edgar Hoover, Hubert H. Humphrey, Lyndon Johnson, Jacqueline Kennedy, John F. Kennedy, Fiorello LaGuardia, Senator Huey Long, Douglas MacArthur, Joe Louis, Richard & Pat Nixon, several Roosevelts, Max Schmeling, Harry S. Truman, and Wendell Willkie; and entertainers The Andrews Sisters, Fred Astaire, Constance Bennett, Jack Benny, Busby Berkeley, Humphrey Bogart, James Cagney, Cab Calloway, Eddie Cantor, Charles Chaplin, Mae Clarke, Gary Cooper, Bing Crosby, Frankie Darro, Cecil B. DeMille, Marlene Dietrich, Walt Disney, Margaret Dumont, Bill Elliott, Stepin Fetchit, W.C. Fields, Preston Foster, Clark Gable, Janet Gaynor, Benny Goodman, Cary Grant, Woody Guthrie, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Billie Holiday, Bob Hope, Walter Huston, Al Jolson, Ruby Keeler, Hedy Lamarr, Vivien Leigh, Carole Lombard, Fredric March, Chico & Groucho & Harpo Marx, Paul Muni, Fayard & Harold Nicholas, Dick Powell, George Raft, Paul Robeson, Edward G. Robinson, Will Rogers, James Stewart, Shirley Temple, Spencer Tracy, Rudy Vallee, John Wayne, Orson Welles, and Loretta Young
Produced by Sanford Lieberson & David Puttnam; written & directed by Phillipe Mora
Image Ent. color/b&w DVD [10/99] out of prodn/used
color/b&w DVD [undated] out of prodn/used
VCI/FFI color/b&w VHS [11/92] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDb

"Bound For Glory"  [1976]

"Radio Days"  [Orion Pictures Jan 1987]
Woody Allen's Radio Days  A nostalgic look at life in Far Rockaway, New York before World War II, when entertainment and outside news came from the radio. Written & directed by Woody Allen; starring Michael Tucker, Mia Farrow, Diane Keaton, Seth Green, Julie Kavner, Dianne Wiest, Josh Mostel, Danny Aiello & Jeff Daniels; Oscar & WGA nominations for Best Screenplay; 7 BAFTA noms, won 2
M.G.M. widescreen color DVD [11/2001] for $12.99
H.B.O. color VHS [undated] out of prodn/used
R.C.A. soundtrack CD [5/92] for $11.98
full credits from IMDbM.G.M. official movie site

"The Great Depression" [PBS Oct 1993] /tt0247103/
A Job At Ford's The Road To Rock Bottom New Deal/New York We Have A Plan Mean Things Happening To Be Somebody Arsenal of Democracy

"Riding The Rails" episode of "American Experience" [P.B.S. April 1998]
Riding The Rails episode of 'American Experience'  The Great Depression forced four million Americans away from their homes and onto the railroads in search of food & lodging; of this number, a disturbing 250,000 were children. Filmmakers interview now-aged survivors of that time and of that transient lifestyle. Co-produced, co-written & co-directed by Lexy Lovell & Michael Uys; narrated by Richard Thomas; won Peabody Award, won DGA Outstanding Director-Documentary Award; won 3 awards at Canyonlands Film Festival & Silver Hugo at Chicago; won award at Great Plains Film Festival, Heartland Film Festival, WorldFest Houston
P.B.S. color DVD [2/2003] for $12.99
WGBH-TV Boston color VHS [3/2000] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDbofficial movie site

"The Great Depression" TV mini-series [History Channel 1998]
The Great Depression 4-part mini-series from History Channel   Series had four episodes "The Great Shake-Up", "Face The Music", "Striking Back", and "Desperate Measures" Hosted by former New York Gov. Mario Cuomo; featuring Herbert Hoover, Fiorello LaGuardia, Huey Long, Eleanor Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Orson Welles, and Howard Zinn
A&E Home Video color/b&w DVD [3/2009] for $6.99
A&E Home Video color/b&w VHS [6/98] 4 tapes for $49.99
full credits at IMDb

"People's Century, 1900-1999: Breadline - The Great Depression At Home" [WGBH 1999]
Breadline - The Great Depression At Home episode from People's Century  hour-long episode directed by Archie Baron; narrated by
John Forsythe, Sean Barrett & Alfre Woodard
WGBH Boston color/b&w VHS [3/2000] out of prodn/used
credits at IMDb

"O Brother, Where Art Thou?" [2000] /tt0190590/
by Joel & Ethan Coen; starring George Clooney, John Turturro, Tim Blake Nelson
http://www.amazon.com/Brother-Where-Thou-Faber-Screenplays/dp/0571205186/
http://www.amazon.com/Brother-Where-Art-Thou/dp/B00003CXRM/

"Just The Facts: Emergence of Modern America - The Great Depression" (8/2007)
http://www.amazon.com/Just-Facts-Emergence-America-Depression/dp/B000VD5HV8

"Crash: The Next Great Depression?" TV documentary [CBS News 2008] /tt1353923/

"The 1930s: Dancing Away The Great Depression" [2009 150 min.]
video credits at IMDb
http://www.amazon.com/Hollywood-Singing-Dancing-Musical-History/dp/B001NH4CGM/

"1933 Chicago Worlds Fair Culture, Science and Industry from the Great Depression" [2009] DVD-R
http://www.amazon.com/1933-Chicago-Worlds-Fair-Depression/dp/B003AG6OBA/

"The Panic Is On: The Great American Depression As Seen By The Common Man" (7/2009)
http://www.amazon.com/Panic-Great-American-Depression-Common/dp/B0026BD2KQ/

"The American Experience: The Crash of 1929" [Oct 2009]
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0857465/
http://www.amazon.com/American-Experience-The-Crash-1929/dp/B002Q5O6Y8/
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/crash

"The American Experience: Surviving The Dust Bowl" [Nov 2009] /tt0376907/
http://www.amazon.com/American-Experience-Surviving-Dust-Bowl/dp/B000MZGN5Y/
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/dustbowl/

"Fortune's Favored" color short film [2012] /tt2070664/


Other Works About The Great Depression

"A Memory of Two Mondays" [Broadway Theatre Archive 1974]
Dramatizing a compacted group of memories passing over several years, Arthur Miller's vivid comedy-drama portrays the nature of life during America's Great Depression.
The emphasis is on mood and characterization as Miller draws on his own personal experience to evoke what the 1930s were like for workers to whom a job - any job - was
everything. "...a beautiful play superbly performed." — The New York Daily News; starring Jack Warden, Harvey Keitel, Dick Van Patten, Estelle Parsons, and Jerry Stiller
http://www.amazon.com/Memory-Mondays-Broadway-Theatre-Archive/dp/B00006G8HM/

"Awake and Sing" (TV 1972) /tt0270843/
Directors: Robert Hopkins, Norman Lloyd Writer: Clifford Odets (play)

"Great Performances: Paradise Lost" /tt0212415/
Director: Glenn Jordan, Writer: Clifford Odets (play)


Links About The Two Depressions

Working Minds Essay #76 [June 2008]: "How To Survive The Coming Depression"

Working Minds Essay #95 [June 2011]: "How Bankrupt Is America?"

Working Minds Essay #96 [August 2011]: "U.S. Corporations Hoarding Profits"

Spirit of America's 'G.O.P. Economic Meltdown of 2008' Page

Great Depression Curriculum For Teachers (at St. Louis Federal Reserve)


still from the Coen Brothers' "O Brother, Where Art Thou?" [2000] - trio of actors            still from Preston Sturges's "Sullivan's Travels" [1941] - Joel McCrae & Veronica Lake arrive at the hobo camp            still from John Ford's "The Grapes of Wrath" [1940] - stars Jane Darwell, Henry Fonda & Russell Simpson            ironic photo of Afro-Americans in line in front of a positive billboard

here on The Great Depression [1929-39] Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

short historytimeline of The Great Depressionbooks about The Great Depression

movies & TV about The Great Depressionother works about The Great Depressionlinks

Online sales in association with  U.S literature catalog at Amazon.com

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