Spirit of America Bookstore

Robots  and  Cyborgs

short essay

non-fiction books

fiction works

a few important dates

toys & games

other media

image gallery


             evil robot reading a book

"In the twenty-first century, the robot will take the place which slave labor occupied in ancient civilization."
scientific visionary Nikola Tesla [1856-1943]

"The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do."
— American psychologist B.F. Skinner [1904-90]

"That's the trouble with robots. You can never be sure you've shut them down. Twist a few wires together and they're anybody's."
Doctor Who, in "Dreamland" [2009 webcast]

"One machine can do the work of fifty ordinary men. No machine can do the work of one extraordinary man."
Elbert Hubbard [1856-1915]

tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot

          Automatons - self-operating machines - existed or were merely dreamt of as far back as the Ancient Greeks (VIIIth Century BCE) and Ancient China (IIId Century BCE). There are many accounts of mechanical humans and animals from Medieval Arabia, Italy, and China. Leonardo da Vinci sketched a 'mechanical knight' automaton around 1495 that was not rediscovered until the 1950s. Clockwork automatons were popular among the nobility of Europe and Japan during the XVIIIth & XIXth Century. The Golden Age of Automata produced many singing birds; collectors especially desire those made in Paris, France. Many automatons were exhibited as part of travelling shows, and simpler mechanical toys were marketed to the public. (Oddly, neither French author Jules Verne [1828-1905] nor American author Edgar Rice Burroughs [1875-1950] seem to have written about automatons.)

          More recently, scientific visionary Nikola Tesla [1856-1943] demonstrated the first radio-controlled toy-sized mechanical boat in 1898, which he called a 'teleautomaton'. The 1921 stageplay "R.U.R." coined the term 'robot' (R.U.R. stands for manufacturer Rossum's Universal Robots, based on the Czech word for slave). Westinghouse Electric exhibited the Elektro robot at the 1939 World Fair, and added his robot dog Sparko at the 1940 fair.
          The first general-purpose electronic computer 'Whirlwind' was designed and built by M.I.T. in 1946 for the U.S. Navy. Walt Disney designed and built the 'animatronic' Abraham Lincoln for the 1964 World Fair; it sits and speaks and gestures and stands, and remains a popular exhibit at Disneyland in California.
          Hundreds of variations on the robot concept are in use today, from industrial machines that weld cars or fill orders at Amazon's warehouses to cute toy pets from Japan that wag their tails and annoy the owner until the robot is 'fed'. One type to be concerned about are the 'lethal autonomous robots', military weapons that seek and destroy without direct human operation; at this time {sic!}, the 'kill/shoot' function requires a human for remote activation.

          In literature, the earliest tales of an artificial man include the legend of the Golem, recorded in the Jewish Talmud circa 200 C.E. Mary Shelley published "Frankenstein" in 1816, but that novel is about a monster, not any sort of robot. Also in 1816, German author E.T.A. Hoffmann (most famous for "The Nutcracker") published the short story "Der Sandmann", in which the beautiful daughter of a university professor is revealed to be an automaton. The first mechanical man in literature appeared in "The Huge Hunter" [1868] by Edward S. Ellis [1840-1916], followed by several imitations in the weekly nickel pulps of the day. The Tin Woodman appeared in "The Wizard of Oz" [1900] and other books by L. Frank Baum [1856-1919] – a special case, as sorcery was involved in his creation. The first androids {wholly-manufactured humanoids} in literature appeared in the Czech stageplay "R.U.R." in 1920, which also coined the term 'robot', based on a Czech word for 'slave' or 'drudge'. The first cyborg in literature appeared in "The Clockwork Man" [1923] by Edwin Vincent (E.V.) Odle [1890-1942]. Sci-fi author Isaac Asimov created the Three Laws of Robotics in a short story in 1942, and added another law (prior in the list, so 'zero-eth') in 1985.

'robot' entry at Wikipedia
'robots in literature' entry at Wikipedia
'fictional robots' category index at Wikipedia
'fictional cyborgs' category index at Wikipedia

Cyber Film Festival at Magic Lantern Video & Book Store

tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                  tiny robot

Non-Fiction  Books

¨            ¨

Robot Machine to Transcendent Mind book by Hans Moravec  "Robot: Mere Machine To Transcendent Mind" [1998]
by Hans Moravec

Oxford Univ Press 9x6 pb [5/2000] for $24.95
Oxford Univ Press 9¼x6¼ hardcover [12/98] out of print/40+ used
Oxford Univ Press hardcover [12/98] out of print/used
Robo Sapiens - Evolution of a New Species book by Peter Menzel & Faith D'Aluisio  "Robo Sapiens: Evolution of A New Species" [2000]
by Peter Menzel & Faith D'Aluisio

The M.I.T. Press 10¾x8½ pb [10/2001] for $22.58
The M.I.T. Press 10¾x8½ hardcover [9/2000] for $35.00
DK Eyewitness / Robot book by Roger Bridgman  "D.K. Eyewitness Books: Robot" [ages 8-12; 2004]
by Roger Bridgman

Discover the amazing world of machines, from robots that play chess to systems that think
DK Children 11¼x8½ hardcover [3/2004] for $11.32
'Robots' book by Clive Gifford & Frank Picini  "Robots" [ages 8-14; 2008]
by Clive Gifford, Illustrated by Frank Picini

Atheneum BFYR 10¼x11¾ hardcover [6/2008] for $16.98
Robots From Everyday to Out of This World book by the Editors of YES Magazine  "Robots: From Everyday To Out of This World" [9/2008]
by the Editors of YES Magazine

Kids Can Press, Ltd. 10¾x8¼ pb [9/2008] for $7.59
Kids Can Press, Ltd. 11¼x8¾ hardcover [9/2008] for $16.95
TIME Magazine Rise of The Robots special issue edited by Neil Fine  "TIME: Rise of The Robots" special issue [2013]
Edited by Neil Fine

112-page TIME Magazine special issue [2013] out of print/used
Robots, Robots Everywhere! Little Golden Book by Sue Fliess & Bob Staake  "Robots, Robots Everywhere!" [ages 2-5; 2013]
by Sue Fliess, Illustrated by Bob Staake

Kindle Edition from Random House/Golden Books [8/2013] for $3.53
Little Golden Books 8x7 hardcover [8/2013] for $3.72
Little Golden Books 8x7 hardcover [8/2013] third party/used
Our Final Invention / Artificial Intelligence book by James Barrat  "Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and The End of The Human Era" [2013]
by James Barrat

Kindle Edition from Thomas Dunne/Macmillan [10/2013] for $9.99
St. Martin's Griffin 8¼x5½ pb [2/2015] for $12.95
Thomas Dunne Books 8½x5¾ hardcover [10/2013] for $19.76
Famous Robots and Cyborgs Encyclopedia book by Dan Roberts  "Famous Robots and Cyborgs: An Encyclopedia of Robots From TV, Film, Literature, Comics, Toys, and More" [2014] by Dan Roberts
Kindle Edition from Skyhorse Publng [2/2014] for $9.99
Skyhorse Publng 8¼x5½ pb [2/2014] for $8.08
National Geographic Kids Robots book by Melissa Stewart  "National Geographic Readers: Robots" [ages 6-9; 2014]
by Melissa Stewart

Kindle Edition from National Geographic [4/2014] for $3.79
National Geographic Children's Books 9x6 pb [4/2014] for $3.99
National Geographic Children's Books 9¼x6¼ library hardcover [4/2014] for $12.51

"The Artificial Intelligence Revolution: Will Artificial Intelligence Serve Us or Replace Us?"
[4/2014] by Louis Del Monte

"The Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence" [6/2014]
Edited by Keith Frankish & William M. Ramsey

"The Glass Cage: Automation and Us" [9/2014] by Nicholas Carr

Rise of The Robots book by Martin Ford  "Rise of The Robots: Technology and The Threat of A Jobless Future" [2015]
by Martin Ford

Kindle Edition from Basic Books [5/2015] for $15.14
Basic Books pb [5/2016] for $16.99
Basic Books 9¼x6 hardcover [5/2015] for $15.94
To Be A Machine book by Mark O'Connell  "To Be A Machine: Adventures Among Cyborgs, Utopians, Hackers, and The Futurists Solving The Modest Problems of Death" [2017] by Mark O'Connell
Offers insight into transhumanism and efforts to create a new version of humanity using science and technology
Kindle Edition from Doubleday/Random House [2/2017] for $13.99
Verso U.K. pb [undated] import/new-used
Doubleday 9½x6½ hardcover [2/2017] for $16.82


tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                  tiny robot

Fiction  Works
A search at Amazon for books & Kindle Edition ebook fiction about robots & cyborgs returns over 12,000 titles; not only is that way too many to be useful, apparently
the most popular sub-genre is 'forbidden cyborg/robot erotica', including several such neo-classics with a title akin to "My Gay Cyborg Stepbrother" . . .

There are these clusters of robot mystery novels & short story books at BlackHat Mystery Bookstore . . .
Isaac Asimov Robot Mysteries
Distant Times, Exotic Climes / Mysteries In The Future Section

¨            ¨

The Legend of The Golem
The earliest tales in literature of an artificial man include the Legend of The Golem, recorded in the Jewish Talmud circa 200 C.E. The Golem is created from clay or mud, which is described in many ways, including by magic spell. The Golem is unable to speak, though it understands whatever language is spoken to it. The Golem is controlled by placing a word written on paper or other material in The Golem's mouth or forehead, and deactivated by removing that writing. The earliest known written tales of The Golem date to circa 1200 C.E. Oral versions of the legend existed in Poland and Prague circa 1580, in Germany circa 1625, and in Lithuania 1750-1820.

After the year 1900, the oral traditions of The Golem were reproduced or expanded in various media. Such modern literary works include: "The Golem" [1914 novel] by Gustav Meyrink; "El Golem" poem [1964] by Jorge Luis Borges; "The Golem" [1969 novel] by Isaac Bashevis Singer; "Golem XIV" [1981 novel] by Stanislaw Lem; and "The Golem" children's book [1983] written by Elie Wiesel.

Works about The Golem on film include: Paul Wegener's silent film trilogy - "The Golem" [1915 lost film], "The Golem and The Dancing Girl" sequel comedy [1917 lost film], and "The Golem: How He Came Into The World" horror prequel [Germany 1920]; "Le Golem" [1936] a French/Czechoslovakian film directed by Julien Duvivier; "It!" horror film [1967] directed by Herbert J. Leder – among several others.

more details (synopsis & history, books & ebooks, movies & TV & radio, stageplays, links, merchandise) on
Spirit of America Bookstore's 'The Legend of The Golem' Page

¨            ¨

The Steam Man of The Prairies
Steam Man of the Prairies book by Edward S. Ellis  "The Huge Hunter: or, The Steam Man of The Prairies" [1868]
by Edward S. Ellis [1840-1916]

The first literary reference to a mechanical man; 'so popular that it inspired a number of sequels'; a teen inventor's road test of his mechanical man includes guiding a party of gold prospectors across Indian country . . .book entry at Wikipedia
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [5/2012] for FREE {sic}
Kindle Edition facsimile of 1916 edition from Yurita Press [2/2016] for 99¢ {sic}
CreateSpace 9x6 pb [2/2013] for $5.99
Dover Publns pb [7/2016] for $4.95
CreateSpace 9x6 pb [10/2016] for $15.00
available as free online etexts at Project Gutenberg

At least three sequels were written by Dr. Harry Enton featuring 'Frank Reade, Jr.' The backstory is that Reade purchased the patents from teen inventor Johnny Brainerd
and made improvements which were tested in the field. The stories under various bylines were published & republished in the nickel pulps from 1876.

Frank Reade Library Issue #1 'The New Steam Man' Sept 1892         Frank Reade Library Issue #5 'The New Steam Man In Mexico' Oct 1892         Boys of New York 1893 'Frank Reade & His Electric Man In Australia'

"Frank Reade, Jr. and His New Steam Man" [Sept 1892]
Kindle Edition from Book Verve E-Books [7/2014] for 99¢
available as free online etext at Internet Archive

¨            ¨

The Tin Woodman of Oz
You know the Tin Woodman from the "The Wizard of Oz" [1900] and other books by L. Frank Baum [1856-1919] and from the classic 1939 Movie starring Judy Garland, with Jack Haley as Tin Woodman. There were also several books featuring the Tin Woodman, who is given the name Nick Chopper. For example, in the second Oz book, "The Marvelous Land of Oz" [1904], Tin Woodman rules the Winkie Kingdom (succeeding the deceased Wicked Witch of The West); in "Ozma of Oz" [book #5 = 1907], he commands Ozma's army; he is in "The Scarecrow and The Tin Woodman", one of Baum's "Little Wizard Stories of Oz" [1913] for younger readers; and in his own book, "The Tin Woodman of Oz" [book #15 = 1918], he locates his lost love.
IMDb credits {over 80} for character 'Tin Man'entry at Wikipedia

The Tin Woodman of Oz book by L. Frank Baum & John R. Neill  "The Tin Woodman of Oz" [book #12 = 1918]
by L. Frank Baum [1856-1919], Illustrated by John R. Neill

Subtitle: A Faithful Story of The Astonishing Adventure Undertaken By The Tin Woodman, Assisted By Woot The Wanderer, The Scarecrow of Oz, and Polychrome, The Rainbow's Daughter • A wandering Gillikin boy named Woot asks the Tin Man, reigning Emperor of the Winkie Kingdom, how he came to be made of tin. After his tale is told, Scarecrow advises Tin Man to search for his lost love and fulfill his promise to her, and even ask her to join him as Empress of Winkieland. They set out and have many exciting and dangerous adventures before they discover a surpise that leaves everyone truly astounded.
Kindle Edition from Eltanin Publng [3/2014] for $1.99 {sic}
HarperCollins Books of Wonder 9x6¾ hardcover [5/99] for $22.61
Rand McNally & Co. 9¼x6¼ pb [1918] long out of print/used
Reilly & Britton 9½x6¾ hardcover [5/1918] long out of print/used
book entry at Wikipediafully-illustrated original 1918 edition in etext format at Project Gutenberg
Disneyland Records recording [1969], read by actors Ginny Tyler and Ron Howard
free online audio with slide show [1/2015 upload; 48:54] at YouTube

Scarecrow, Woot & Tin Man from 2009 animated 'TWO' project  "The Tin Woodman of Oz" independent video [2009]
Hash, Inc. of Vancouver, Washington State sells animation software called Animation:Master; in 2009 Hash organized a worldwide collaboration of their users to make a 90-minute version of Baum's 1918 book "The Tin Woodman of Oz" (nick-named 'TWO'); the film seems not to be for sale anywhere, but is uploaded to Hash, Inc.'s YouTube Channel in eleven parts.
Produced by Martin Hash • full credits at IMDb
watch 5/2010 official trailer [1:39] online at YouTube
watch all eleven parts [1/2009 upload] online at YouTube
¨            ¨

Tik-Tok of Oz
poster for 1913 stageplay 'The Tik-Tok Man of Oz'  
cover of 1914 novel 'Tik-Tokof Oz'  
The mechanical man Tik-Tok first appears in "Ozma of Oz" [book #3 = 1907] by L. Frank Baum [1856-1919]. Shipwrecked Dorothy Gale and Billina the Hen flee from a gang of rowdy Wheelers and unlock a door where Tik-Tok is imprisoned; Dorothy winds him up and he rescues them from the Wheelers. They visit the spoiled Princess Langwidere, Ruler of the Land of Ev; Princess Ozma and friends appear on a mission to rescue the Evian royal family, captured by the Nome King. Dorothy beats the Nome King and his army, Oz celebrates the victory, and Dorothy is transported to Australia and reunited with her Uncle Henry.

Baum wrote a stageplay originally based on "Ozma of Oz", but it was heavily revised and the name was changed to "The Tik-Tok Man of Oz". The story of the Shaggy Man's quest to rescue his brother from the Nome King was produced as a musical stageplay in 1913 by Oliver Morosco, with music by Louis F. Gottschalk; it was popular in Los Angeles and San Francisco, but panned by critics in Chicago; although the play was making money in Chicago, producer Morosco decided not to open on Broadway; after Chicago, the company took the play on the road for five months. A complete playscript does not exist, but fans cobbled together a version that was performed 'one time only' at Winkie Con 50 in San Diego in 2014.

Tik-Tok is the title character of Oz book #8 published in 1914 by L. Frank Baum [1856-1919], but he is essentially a sidekick on the quest by the Shaggy Man to rescue his brother from the Nome King; others on the quest include Betsy Bobbin and her mule Hank, the Rose Princess Ozga, and Polychrome the Rainbow's Daughter. Color and b&w illustrations in the original book are by John R. Neill.book entry at Wikipedia
Kindle Edition from Flying Fish [8/2014] for $99¢
CreateSpace 9x6 pb [6/2016] for $9.99
Del Rey mass pb [10/85] out of print/used
HarperCollins Books of Wonder 9x6¾ hardcover [4/96] for $19.24
available as free online etext at Internet Archive

Disney's Return To Oz 1985 movie  "Return To Oz" [Disney June 1985]
Based on the second and third Oz books; Dorothy returns to Oz with her chicken Billina, and they find the Emerald City in ruins; they rescue Tik-Tok who explains that King Scarecrow is imprisoned since the devastation of Oz by the Nome King; they seek help from Princess Mombi, but she is in league with the Nome King and locks them up. They bring the Gump to life and escape, then confront the Nome King; he becomes enraged and transforms into a monster; Billina gets excited and lays an egg, which the monster eats; but since eggs are toxic to Nome people, the monster is killed and the Land of Oz returns to its former beautiful appearance. Oz celebrates and asks Dorothy to be Queen of Oz; but she knows she wants to return to Kansas and Princess Ozma takes the throne and sends Dorothy home
Co-written & directed by Walter Murch; co-written by Gill Dennis; claymation directed by Will Vinton; starring Fairuza Balk, Nicol Williamson {dual role}, Jean Marsh {dual role}, Piper Laurie, Matt Clark, Michael Sundin {inside Tik-Tok}, Tim Rose, Mak Wilson, Stewart Larange, Stephen Norrington, Justin Case, John Alexander, Deep Roy, Emma Ridley, Sophie Ward, Fiona Victory, Bruce Boa, Tansy the Dog {as Toto}, and voices of Sean Barrett, Lyle Conway, Denise Bryer & Brian Henson • full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
Disney color Blu-ray [2015] for $34.88
Walt Disney Home Ent. widescreen color DVD [2/2004] for $9.99
Anchor Bay color VHS [8/99] for $8.99

¨            ¨

two books published in 1923 by Gaston Leroux [1868-1927]
La Poupée Sanglante novel by Gaston Leroux  The Machine To Kill novel by Gaston Leroux  Gaston Leroux is most famous for "Phantom of The Opera" [1910] and for his detective novels; in 1923 he released the novel "La Poupée Sanglante (The Bloody Doll)" which was published in English in 1934 with the title "The Kiss That Killed"; later in 1923, he released "La Machine à Assassiner", which was published in English in 1934 as "The Machine To Kill". Based on the jagged trans-lation {using Bing Translator} of various book blurbs, it seems that the daughter of a watchmaker is engaged to a scientist who is working on an automaton named Gabriel. But she is in love with a poet that she has not met; the poet is a neighbor who stays hidden because of extreme ugliness, while catching glimpses of the girl, because he is in love with her. She meets him and is repulsed. Some-how the poet is arrested for a series of murders and executed, and his brain is installed in the scientist's automaton. The second book opens with the detective realizing that although the man that he arrested is now dead, the murders are continuing. A 6-episode mini-series aired on France's Antenne 2 Network in 1976 that was based on both books. And a musical stageplay of "La Poupée Sanglante" has had several recent performance runs at Theatre Huchette in Paris, France; show is co-written by Didier Bailly & Edouard Thié-baut, who both also act in the play.

¨            ¨

The Clockwork Man novel by E.V. Odle  "The Clockwork Man" [1923]
by Edwin Vincent (E.V.) Odle [1890-1942]

The first mention in literature of a cyborg; in the far future, each human has installed in his body a clockwork mechanism that allows limited travel thru time and space; but one such mechanism malfunctions and sends a man back to the 1920s . . .
HiLoBooks pb [9/2013] for $13.95
CreateSpace 9x6 pb [5/2016] for $13.95
Human Bat vs. The Robot Gangster novel by Edward R. Home-Gall  "Human Bat vs. The Robot Gangster" novel [1950]
by Edward Reginald Home-Gall

'A science fiction thriller for readers of all ages'
Mark Goulden Ltd. U.K. pb [1950] out of print/SOLD OUT!
Robot Men of The Lost Planet 1952 comic book   "Robot Men of The Lost Planet" [1952]
single-issue comic book from Avon Publng

not found on Amazon, several offers on Ebay for up to $300,
thus considered rare
Italian children's book 'Pipp: L'Uomo Meccanico' by Guglielmo Valle  "Pipp: L'Uomo Meccanico (The Mechanical Man)" [1953]
by Guglielmo Valle

Found this book's cover graphic on Ebay Italy; little else is known, the book has no entry on Amazon (America or Italy), no info found about the author, the publisher was Editrice La Scuola SpA (still in business), but this book is long out of print

¨            ¨

Selected 'Tom Swift' Novels

Tom Swift and His Giant Robot novel by Victor Appleton II  "Tom Swift and His Giant Robot" [Jr #4 = 1954]
Tom, Sr. is building an atomic energy plant and Tom, Jr. is building remote controlled robots to perform maintenance inside dangerous areas of the reactors. A gang of bank robbers led by a mad scientist attempt to take over control of the robots for their own purposes . . .
Grosset & Dunlap mass pb [1977] out of print/used
Collins 7¼x5 hardcover [1969] out of print/used
Grosset & Dunlap 7½x5 hardcover [1954] out of print/40+ used
Grosset & Dunlap 7½x5¼ hardcover [1954] out of print/used
Cyborg Kickboxer novel (Tom Swift, Jr.)  
"Tom Swift, Jr.: Cyborg Kickboxer" [Jr2 #3 = 1991] by Steven Grant
'A new source of power ... a new force of destruction!' • Tom Swift's new invention – a computer-controlled exo-skeleton that achieves maximum muscle fitness – backfires when an unscrupulous kickboxer threatens to exploit the invention, and soon Tom must don the high-tech armor to fight him.
Pocket Books mass pb [6/91] out of print/40+ used
The Robot Olympics novel by Victor Appleton (Tom Swift, Young Inventor)  "Tom Swift, Young Inventor: The Robot Olympics" [TSYI #2 = 2006]
Tom Swift has entered his SwiftBot invention in the White House Office of Science & Technology's upcoming Robot Olympics competition. But an antiscience terrorist group has issued a statement condemning the event, and they are playing dirty . . .
Kindle Edition from Simon & Schuster Digital Sales [6/2008] for $4.99
S&S/Aladdin Books 7½x5 pb [6/2006] for $4.99
Spotlight MN 8x5¾ library hardcover [9/2007] out of print/used
¨            ¨

The Frank Einstein Children's Books
Very funny (to both seven-year-olds and adults) tales of a boy inventor and his Grandpa Al (who is not the famous Albert).
New York Times bestselling series written by Jon Scieszka, Illustrated by Brian Biggs

Frank Einstein & the Antimatter Motor book by Jon Scieszka & Brian Biggs  "Frank Einstein and The Antimatter Motor" [#1 = 2014]
Boy genius Frank is after the Midville School Science Prize, with help from self-made robots Klink & Klank. But rival T. Edison and his sidekick Mister Chimp steal Frank's antimatter motor flying bicycle . . .
Kindle Edition from Amulet Books [8/2014] for $9.20
Amulet Books 8x5½ pb [8/2014] out of print/used
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ hardcover [8/2014] for $9.68
Frank Einstein & The Electro-Finger book by Jon Scieszka & Brian Biggs  "Frank Einstein and The Electro-Finger" [#2 = 2015]
Arch-enemy T. Edison has taken over the electric company and is charging sky-high rates; Grandpa Al's latest electric bill is a problem, and boy genius Frank needs to find a different way to power all his gadgets . . .
Kindle Edition from Amulet Books [3/2015] for $9.99
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ pb [3/2015] out of print/used
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ hardcover [3/2015] for $10.97
Frank Einstein & The BrainTurbo book by Jon Scieszka & Brian Biggs  "Frank Einstein and The BrainTurbo" [#3 = 2015]
Frank and sidekick Watson and robot Klink build the BrainTurbo to help a pal get on the baseball team; but then second robot Klank goes missing, possibly a diversion so that arch-enemy T. Edison can steal their new machine . . .
Kindle Edition from Amulet Books [8/2015] for $8.50
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ pb [8/2015] for $8.95
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ hardcover [8/2015] for $13.95
Frank Einstein & The EvoBlaster Belt book by Jon Scieszka & Brian Biggs  "Frank Einstein and The EvoBlaster Belt" [#4 = 2016]
Frank and sidekick Watson and robots Klink & Klank compete with arch-rival T. Edison over a device that 'allows the user to evolve and devolve into other forms of life, blasting from one species to another'.
Kindle Edition from Amulet Books [9/2016] for $7.55
Harry N. Abrams 8x5½ pb [9/2016] for $7.95
Harry N. Abrams 8¼x5¾ hardcover [9/2016] for $8.50
Frank Einstein & The Bio-Action Gizmo book by Jon Scieszka & Brian Biggs  "Frank Einstein and The Bio-Action Gizmo" [#5 = 2017]  5/2017
Frank and sidekick Watson and robots Klink & Klank compete with arch-rival T. Edison and his sidekick Mr. Chimp over Frank's latest invention.
Kindle Edition from Amulet Books [DUE May 2017] for $9.99
Harry N. Abrams hardcover [DUE Oct 2017] for $13.95
¨            ¨

'Sir Machinery' novel by Tom McGowen  "Sir Machinery" novel [1970]
by Tom McGowen, Illustrated by Trina Schart Hyman

The wizard Merlin works with a mechanical robot having a computer brain to battle evil forces encroaching on the earth.
Follett 7¾x5½ hardcover [1970] - way overpriced!
Follett 7¾x5½ hardcover [1970] out of print/used
The Robots Are Coming book by Andy Rash  "The Robots Are Coming: And Other Problems" [grades 2-5; 2000] by Andy Rash
A collection of 16 short illustrated tongue-in-cheek poems about various things that imaginative kids (or adults) might fear or worry about, including robots, a mummy, a pirate, an abominable snowman, a werewolf, the Loch Ness Monster, and giant ants
Arthur A. Levine Books 11¼x9 hardcover [9/2000] out of print/60+ used
Arthur A. Levine Books hardcover [9/2000] out of print/used
Arthur A. Levine Books hardcover [9/2000] out of print/used
Me & My Robot book by Tracey West & Cindy Revell  
"Me and My Robot" [ages 6-8; 2003]
by Tracey West, Illustrated by Cindy Revell

Kindle Edition from Penguin Young Readers [2003 edition] for $3.79
Penguin Young Readers 9x6 pb [2/2003] for $3.99
Penguin Young Readers 9x6¼ library hardcover [2/2003] for $13.55
Heartbreakers Meet Boilerplate book by Paul Guinan & Anina Bennett  "Heartbreakers Meet Boilerplate" [2005]
by Paul Guinan & Anina Bennett

Two female activist clones discover the Victorian robot Boilerplate and team up with him to prevent being captured by the evil clone-makers; a graphic novel in author Guinan's 'paintography' style
I.D.W. Publng 8½x6 pb [8/2005] out of print/used
Pet Robots children's book by Scott Christian Sava & Diego Jourdan  "Pet Robots" children's book [grades 2-5; 2007]
by Scott Christian Sava, Art by Diego Jourdan

Four schoolchildren get lost on an outing to the Rooty Tooty Toy Company factory and are followed home by four military robots . . .
Idea & Design Works LLC 9x6 pb [10/2008] for $6.36
Blue Dream Studios 10½x6¾ hardcover [7/2007] for $14.72

Boilerplate Mechanical Marvel book by Paul Guinan & Anina Bennett  "Boilerplate: History's Mechanical Marvel" [2009]
by Paul Guinan & Anina Bennett, Foreword by Sean G. David

The 1893 mechanical soldier Boilerplate lived an action-packed 'Zelig'- or 'Forrest Gump'-style life, fighting alongside Teddy Roosevelt at San Juan Hill, Pancho Villa in Mexico, and Lawrence in Arabia; he/it traveled to Alaska and the South Pole, then disappeared during the Great War; lavishly illustrated text, with a full index
Harry N. Abrams 11x8½ hardcover [10/2009] out of print/60+ used
official booksitewatch official book promo video [2:30] online

The Clockwork Man novel by William Jablonsky   "The Clockwork Man: A Novel" [2010] by William Jablonsky
Ernst is constructed entirely of clockwork and is celebrated as a great achievement; his creator, the clockmaker Karl Gruber, of Frankfort educates Ernst to be gentle and caring; Ernst eventually develops a deep love for Giselle, the clockmaker’s daughter. But when she is killed, her father goes mad, and Ernst allows himself to run down. Over a century later, Ernst awakens in a display window in Milwaukee and he still struggles with the tragedy from his former life . . .
Kindle Edition from Medallion Press [7/2010] for $4.99
Medallion Press 8x5½ pb [7/2010] for $14.95
House of Robots book by James Patterson, Chris Grabenstein & Juliana Neufeld  "House of Robots" [grades 3-6; 2014 = #1]
by James Patterson & Chris Grabenstein, Illustrated by Juliana Neufeld

Sammy's genius mother insists that he take her latest invention – a robot that thinks he's Sammy's brother and is even nerdier than Sammy – to school with him.
Kindle Edition from jimmy patterson/Hachette [11/2014] for $7.99
jimmy patterson Children's Books 7¾x5½ pb [10/2015] for $6.75
jimmy patterson Children's Books 8x5½ hardcover [11/2014] for $9.64
'A Robot in the Garden' novel by Deborah Install  "A Robot In The Garden: A Novel" [2015] by Deborah Install
Ben is a failure, but then he discovers a battered child-sized robot named Tang in his backyard; Tang needs a crucial piece of machinery and Ben decides to help him . . .
Kindle Edition from Sourcebooks Landmark [5/2016] for $9.82
Sourcebooks Landmark 8¼x5½ pb [5/2016] for $10.34
Doubleday 8½x6 pb [4/2015] out of print/40+ used
Made to Kill robot mystery novel by Adam Christopher  "Made to Kill: A Novel" speculative noir [#1 = 2015] by Adam Christopher
Summer of 1965, Hollywood, California: Robot detective Raymond is the last of his kind, but since he is programmed to make a profit he keeps his private investigations business open, with the help of Ada, his super-computer 'office gal'. A new client hires Ray to find a missing movie star, plunging him into a glittering world of fame, fortune, and secrecy – and a sinister plot much deeper than the movie business.
Kindle Edition from Tor/Macmillan [11/2015] for $11.99
Titan Books, Ltd. UK 7¾x5¼ pb [11/2015] out of print/used
Tor Books 8½x5¾ hardcover [11/2015] for $17.14

House of Robots 2 book by James Patterson, Chris Grabenstein & Juliana Neufeld  "House of Robots 2: Robots Go Wild!" [grades 3-6; 2015 = #2]
by James Patterson & Chris Grabenstein, Illustrated by Juliana Neufeld

Fifth-grader Sammy and his 'bro-bot' are making new friends every day and helping his bedridden sister with schoolwork when 'E' malfunctions . . .
Kindle Edition from jimmy patterson/Hachette [11/2015] for $9.99
Arrow Young Readers pb [12/2015] out of print/used
jimmy patterson Children's Books 7¾x5½ hardcover [11/2015] for $8.53
Cyborg Chronicles sci-fi anthology edited by Crystal Watanabe  "The Cyborg Chronicles (Future Chronicles Series)" [2015]
Edited by Crystal Watanabe, Foreword by Samuel Peralta

Twelve of today's top speculative fiction writers explore the approaching collision of humanity and technology: authors are Annie Bellet, David Bruns, Artie Cabrera, Michael Patrick Hicks, Patty Jansen, Moira Katson, Ken Liu, A.K. Meek, Susan Kay Quinn, Paul K. Swardstrom, Eric Tozzi, and P.K. Tyler
Kindle Edition from Windrift Books [12/2015] for $2.99
The Wild Robot book by Peter Brown  "The Wild Robot" children's book [grades 3-7; 2016] by Peter Brown
Robot Roz wakes alone on a remote island, and her presence is not welcomed by the animal inhabitants; 'a heartwarming and action-packed novel about what happens when nature and technology collide'
Kindle Edition from Little, Brown/Hachette [4/2016] for $2.99
Little, Brown BFYR 8x5½ hardcover [4/2016] for $10.56
Little, Brown BFYR 8x5½ hardcover [4/2016] out of print/used
The Bot That Scott Built book by by Kim Norman & Agnese Baruzzi  "The Bot That Scott Built" [ages 3-7; 2016]
by Kim Norman, Illustrated by Agnese Baruzzi

Sterling Children's Books 11x8¾ hardcover [8/2016] for $9.30
House of Robots 3 book by James Patterson, Chris Grabenstein & Juliana Neufeld  "House of Robots 3: Robot Revolution" [grades 3-6; 2017 = #3]
by James Patterson & Chris Grabenstein, Illustrated by Juliana Neufeld

When fifth-grader Sammy's genius mother devotes all her time to a secret project, the household robots fall into disrepair and stage a revolt of pranks to get attention.
Kindle Edition from jimmy patterson/Hachette [1/2017] for $9.99
jimmy patterson Children's Books 8x5½ hardcover [1/2017] for $9.97
Robot Stories Megapack in Kindle format from Wildside Press  "The Robot Megapack®: 19 Gear-Grinding Robot Stories!" for Kindle [2017]
contains 19 short stories of robots by authors Lester del Rey (3), Philip K. Dick ('James P. Crow' and 'The Last of The Masters'), Daniel F. Galouye, William Campbell Gault, Jim Harmon, Harry Harrison, Fritz Leiber (2), Frank Belknap Long (3), William P. McGivern (2), Emil Petaja, Rog Phillips, and Richard Wilson
Kindle Edition from Wildside Press [1/2017] for 99¢
Killing Is My Business robot mystery novel by Adam Christopher  "Killing Is My Business" speculative noir [#2 = 2017]  7/2017
Robot hitman Ray is hired to bump off an old Sicilian gangster but not before he’s befriended him and done some snooping around. Ray keeps getting new jobs to take out Hollywood elites, and they keep turning up dead before he can pull the trigger.
Kindle Edition from Tor/Macmillan [7/2017] for $12.99
Titan Books, Ltd. UK 7¾x5 pb [7/2017] for $8.51
Tor Books 8½x5¾ hardcover [7/2017] for $15.67
Clockwork Dynasty novel by Daniel H. Wilson  "The Clockwork Dynasty: A Novel" [2017] by Daniel H. Wilson  7/2017
A young anthropologist finds a human-like doll whose ancient technology leads to a race of similar beings hidden among human society for centuries . . .
Kindle Edition from Doubleday/Random House [8/2017] for $13.99
Doubleday 9¼x6¼ pb [7/2017] for $9.73
Doubleday 9½x6½ hardcover [8/2017] for $17.65
Sea of Rust novel by C. Robert Cargill  "Sea of Rust: A Novel" [2017] by C. Robert Cargill  9/2017
Humankind on Earth has been wiped out and most of the world is controlled by the O.W.I. - One World Intelligence - the shared consciousness of millions of robots. Resistant solo scavenger robot Brittle roams the Sea of Rust in Middle America imagining a future in which no hope remains, yet where a humanlike A.I. like himself becomes a keeper of memory, striving to find purpose among the ruins.
Kindle Edition from Harper Voyager [9/2017] for $14.99
Harper Voyager 9x6 hardcover [9/2017] for $18.27

tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                  tiny robot

A  Few  Important  Dates

  • 1400 BCE: The Clepsydra water clock of Babylon.
  • circa 400 BCE: Legend of the 'bronze man' Talos, said to be constructed by Hephaestus (and-or Daedalus) at the request of Zeus, for the purpose of protecting Europa from invaders of the island of Crete. Talos circled the island three times each day and threw big rocks at any approaching non-Cretan ship.
  • circa 270 BCE: The water clock of Greek inventor Csestibus that utilized animated human figures.
  • circa 100 BCE: The Antikythera celestial mechanism was probably designed by Archimedes [287-212 BCE].
  • 1495: Leonardo Da Vinci [1452-1519] designed a clockwork knight which was able to sit up, wave its arms, and move its head and jaw; it is uncertain whether the machine was ever built, but the design may constitute that of the first humanoid robot.
  • 1737: French inventor Jacques Vaucanson [1709-82] built a Digesting Duck, a clockwork capable of flapping its wings, quacking, eating, and digesting food.
  • 1769: The Mechanical Turk built by Hungarian author & inventor Wolfgang von Kempelen [1734-1804], a maplewood box with a mannequin dressed in cloak and turban protruding from the back. The device gained great fame as an automaton capable of playing chess against skilled opponents – until the discovery that a human operator was hidden inside the box.
  • 1801: French silk weaver & inventor Joseph Jacquard [1752-1834] invented an automated loom controlled by punch-cards; within a decade it had been mass-produced and thousands were in use across Europe.
  • 1868: Publication of Edward S. Ellis' "Huge Hunter, or The Steam Man of The Prairies", the first literary reference to a mechanical man.
  • 1881: Italian author Carlo Lorenzini [1826-90] wrote "Pinnochio", a children’s book about a marionette who turns into a real boy.
  • 1898: Visionary inventor Nikola Tesla [1856-1943] demonstrated his new 'teleautomaton' invention – a radio-controlled model boat – to spectators at Madison Square Garden in New York City; the audience believed that it was a trick, and remote control technology did not become commonplace until decades later.
  • 1900 April: A shipwreck was discovered off the Greek island of Antikythera in 45 metres (148 feet) of water by sponge divers, who retrieved a large number of bronze & marble statues, pottery, unique glassware, jewelry, coins, and other artefacts. The clockwork mechanism sat in a museum warehouse for two years before it was identified as such.
  • 1917 July: The first robot to appear on a movie screen {not in "Metropolis" in 1927): "A Clever Dummy" silent short written & produced by Mack Sennett, starring Ben Turpin.
  • 1921: Czech playwright Karel Capek [1890-1938] coined the term 'robot' in his stageplay "R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robot)". The word comes from the Czech robota, which means drudging, forced work. The play ends with robots taking over the Earth and destroying their makers.
  • 1926: German film director Fritz Lang [1890-1976] released "Metropolis", a silent film set in a futuristic urban dystopia that features a female robot named Maria who takes the shape of a human woman in order to destroy a labor movement. (Maria was the first robot to appear in a feature film.)
  • 1942: American writer Isaac Asimov [1920-92] published the short story “Runaround”, which introduces the Three Laws of Robotics:
          1. A robot may not harm a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
          2. A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
          3. A robot must protect its own existence, as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
  • 1947: invention of the transistor
  • 1948: American mathematician Norbert Wiener [1894-1964] published "Cybernetics: or Control and Communication In The Animal and The Machine", a seminal work in the field of practical robotics.
  • 1952: The Servomechanisms Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology demonstrated computer-assisted manufacturing: a robotic milling machine created a commemorative ashtray for each attendee.
  • 1954: Industrial robotics pioneer George Devol [1912-2011] created Unimate, the world’s first programmable robot; in 1961 the machine was put to work on a General Motors automotive assembly line.
  • 1956: George Devol and Joseph Engelberger [1925-2015] formed the world’s first robotics company, Unimation; in the 1960s, it was purchased by Condec Corporation, which later was bought, in part, by industrial manufacturing giant Eaton ETN.
  • 1966: The Artificial Intelligence Center at Stanford Research Center began development of Shakey the Robot, the first mobile robot; it was endowed with a limited ability to see and model its environment, and was controlled by a computer that filled an entire room.
  • 1968: The HAL 9000 (Heuristically-programmed ALgorithmic) computer appeared in the Stanley Kubrick [1928-99] film "2001: A Space Odyssey", written (and novelized) by Arthur C. Clarke [1917-2008]. The artificially intelligent HAL computer runs the spaceship Discovery – and eventually goes berserk; the character reflects concern about the increasing power of intelligent machines over man.
  • 1977: Plucky androids R2-D2 and C-3PO appeared in George Lucas‘s "Star Wars"; the pair are arguably the best-known robots in modern culture.
  • 1979: The Stanford Cart, a four-wheeled rover equipped with a TV camera for vision, navigated around the obstacles in a chair-filled room by analyzing and programming its own course.
  • 1991 Aug 6: The first webpage on the World Wide Web was placed online by physicist Tim Berners-Lee at C.E.R.N. in Switzerland.
  • 1993: An eight-legged robot named Dante began to explore Antarctica’s Mt. Erebus volcano; the landmark effort was remotely controlled from the U.S., and ushered in a new era of robotic exploration of hazardous environments.
  • 1997: The tiny Sojourner Rover began its scientific mission on Mars; it moved at a maximum speed of 0.02 miles per hour to explore the immediate area around its landing point, and took 550 photographs over the next three months.
  • 1998: A fuzzy, batlike robot called Furby became the must-have toy of the holiday season; the $30 toys were designed to 'evolve' over time, first speaking in gibberish, but soon developing the use of pre-programmed English phrases. Over 27 million of the toys sold in a 12-month period.
  • 1999: Sony‘s robot dog AIBO was a $2,000 mechanical mutt able to navigate around a room and to respond to a limited set of voice commands.
  • 2000: Honda Motor Company’s humanoid robot ASIMO stands 1.3 meters (four feet) tall, and can walk and run with a near-human gait.
  • 2002: iRobot released the Roomba robotic vacuum; with over six million units sold, the Frisbee-shaped device is the most commercially successful domestic robot in history.
  • 2004 Jan 4: NASA’s Spirit Rover landed on Mars and began exploration of the planet; the original plan for a 90-day mission was extended for 6 years, and the rover traveled over 7.7 kilometers distance before shutting down.
  • 2004: The robotics industry exceeded $1 billion in revenues in North America.
  • 2005: Stanley, an autonomously-driven vehicle created by a team from Stanford University, successfully negotiated a 212 kilometer off-road track and became the first car to complete the D.A.R.P.A. Grand Challenge, winning a $2 million prize.
  • 2012: The final mission of the Space Shuttle Discovery delivered the first humanoid robot in space to the International Space Station; dubbed R2, the 'robonaut' has a near-human range of motion and can perform tasks deemed too dangerous for human astronauts.
  • 2012: The Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles issued the world’s first license for a robotic, self-driven car, a Toyota Prius modified with technology developed by Google; by the end of 2012, Google’s driverless cars had logged more than 300,000 miles in traffic, and had not caused a single accident.
  • 2016 April: Microsoft released a machine-learning chatbot named Tay, which took less that 24 hours to mirror prejudice and xenophobia and racism from online trolls who gleefully abused Tay's A.I. programming; Microsoft yanked Tay offline 'for adjustments'.

  • A  Few  Important  People

    Dr. Cynthia Breazeal at MIT in Massachusetts
    faculty homepageWikipedia2010 TED Talk [13:57]

    The new Jibo: the first social robot for the home [launched 10/2017] is NOT available on Amazon (11/2017) - list $899.

    tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                  tiny robot

    Toys  &  Games

    Lilliput Robot Windup Tin Toy in yellow-orange  Lilliput Metal Robot Windup Tin Toy for Collectors
    originally produced in Japan as a windup tin toy during the 1930s
    Classic Tin Toy 9" tall [yellow-orange] for $18.99
    Classic Tin Toy Thailand 9" tall [yellow-orange] for $28.99
    Generic Toys 8½" tall [yellow-orange] for $12.90
    Off The Wall Toys 8½" tall [yellow-orange] for $14.28
    Schylling Toys medium 8" high [yellow-orange] for $19.05
    Schylling Toys small 6½" high [green] for $17.49
    Robot Island small 6½" high [blue] out of prodn/new-used
    Off The Wall Toys small 6½" high [blue] out of prodn/new-used
    Lilliput 5357 book by Stefan Czernecki  
    "Lilliput 5357" [ages 3-8; 2005] by Stefan Czernecki
    illustrated with color photographs of vintage and modern toy robots
    Simply Read Books 9½x11½ hardcover [11/2005] out of print/many used

    Schilling Mechanical Planet Robot  Wind-Up Mechanical Robby-style Robot [2008]
    manufactured by Ha Ha Toy in Shanghai, China; wind-up mechanism,
    on-off switch, sparks fly inside face mask when walking
    chrome Schylling robot 10¾ inches tall [2008] for $36.68
    other colors Schylling robot [2008] for $18.65
    black Schylling robot 10½ inches tall [2008] out of prodn
    red Zeckos robot 8¾ inches tall [undated] for $29.99

    Isaac Asimov's Robots VCR Mystery Game  "Isaac Asimov's Robots VCR Mystery Game" [1990] from Eastman Kodak Company
    For the first time in 100 years, someone has attempted a murder, and it may happen again. Who did it? Was it an Earthling, a Spacer, or the unthinkable . . . a Robot? This is the only video game based on Isaac Asimov's 'Robot' novels. It features fast action, special effects, and a cast of some of the most ruthless characters you'll ever meet. For 1 to 12 players, ages 10 & up.
    Wood Knapp Video VHS tape [4/90] out of prodn/used
    Wood Knapp Video VHS tape [4/90] for $19.99
    'Rise of The Robots' fighting game for Windows XP  
    "Rise of The Robots" fighting game [1994] for Windows XP Home Edition platform
    developed by Mirage Studios and published by Time Warner Interactive

    Time Warner Interactive video game [3/2007] out of prodn/used
    õ              õ

    list of robotic dogs at Wikipedia

    Sparky the AIBO & Other Robotic Pets book by Pat Gaudette  "Sparky The AIBO: Robot Dogs and Other Robotic Pets" [2006]
    by Pat Gaudette

    The first AIBO pet ERS-110 was launched in 1999, the last ERS-7M3 released
    10/2005, and Sony's line of entertainment robots was discontinued in 2006.

    Kindle Edition from Home & Leisure Publng [3/2011] for $9.99
    Home & Leisure Publng 10x7 pb [3/2006] for $19.95
    Home & Leisure Publng 10x7 pb [3/2006] third party seller/used
    Home & Leisure Publng 10x7 hardcover [3/2006] for $28.46
    Home & Leisure Publng 10x7 hardcover [3/2006] out of print/used
    Zoomer Interactive Puppy toys  Zoomer Interactive Puppy toys  "Zoomer Interactive Puppy" toys [2014] from Spin Master, Ltd.
    Made in Japan; each unit weighs 2 pounds, measures 11x8x9 inches
    Interactive Puppy Zoomer [undated] for $99.99
    Interactive Puppy Zoomer [undated] for $107.00
    Interactive Puppy Bentley [undated] for $99.99
    Interactive Puppy Shadow [undated] out of prodn/new
    Interactive Puppy Zoomie {pink for girls} out of prodn/new
    official Zoomer Pup website
    MiP Interactive Robot Toy from WowWee  MiP Interactive Robot Toy from WowWee  MiP Interactive Robot Toy [2014] from WowWee
    Made in China; product dimensions: 6¾" x 5" x 10¼ inches tall;
    weighs 10.6 ounces (heavier with four AAA batteries)
    WowWee toy robot in white [2014] for $80.00
    WowWee toy robot in black [9/2015] for $79.97
    CAVEAT: robot toy runs maybe an hour before needing new batteries
    EBL® 4 Slot AA / AAA Rechargeable Battery Rapid Charger
    with 8 Packs of AAA - for $15.99

    tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot

    Other  Media

    Cyber Film Festival at Magic Lantern Video & Book Store

    ®                   ®

    "R.U.R. {Rossum's Universal Robots}: A Fantastic Melodrama"
    [Czechoslovakia 1920]
    poster for 1939 Chicago W.P.A. production of stageplay "R.U.R." by Karel Capek  
    Capek Four Plays book translated by Peter Majer & Cathy Porter  
    Written by Karel Capek [1890-1938]; published in 1920, first staged in Prague in January 1921
    R.U.R. stands for 'Rossumovi Univerzální Roboti' (Rossum’s Universal Robots); the play introduced the word 'robot' to the English language and to science fiction as a whole; the robot characters are more like bio-androids that eventually kill all the humans on Earth except one male non-scientist worker
    stageplay entry at Wikipedia
    Translation (1989) by Claudia Novack-Jones, Introduction by Ivan Klima
    Kindle Edition from Penguin Classics/Penguin Group [2004 edition] for $10.99
    Penguin Classics 7¾x5 pb [3/2004] for $10.00
    other translations to English
    Kindle Edition from Dover Thrift Editions [3/2014] for 99¢
    Dover Thrift Editions 8¼x5¼ pb [8/2001] for $2.50 {sic}
    Players Press 8¼x5½ pb [7/2002] for $7.21
    Samuel French playscript 7x5 pb [1923] out of print/used
    Doubleday/Theatre Guild Library hardcover [1923] out of print/scarce

    "Capek Four Plays: R.U.R., The Insect Play, The Makropulos Case, and The White Plague" [1999]
    Translated & Introduced by Peter Majer & Cathy Porter

    Kindle Edition from Methuen Drama [5/2014] for $9.99
    Bloomsbury Methuen Drama 8x5 pb [9/99] for $19.19

    "R.U.R." Broadway stageplay [Oct 1922 - Feb 1923]
    Written by Karel Capek; produced by The Theatre Guild; directed by Philip Moeller & Agnes Morgan; touring company
    visited Chicago & London • details at Internet Broadway Database - 184 performances

    "R.U.R." Broadway stageplay [1928-29] at Billy Rose Theater?

    1942 cover of About Town Magazine with "R.U.U." poster art by Al Hirschfield   "R.U.R." Broadway revival [Dec 1942 failure]
    Produced by David Silverman & L. Daniel Blank; written by Karel Capek (translation by Paul Selver); directed by Lee Strasberg; starring Edith Atwater, Katherine Balfour, Horace Braham, Marie Louise Dana, Hunter Gardner, Hugo Haas, Gudrun Hansen, Louis Hector, Reginald Mason, Gordon Oliver, Wendell K. Phillips, Sydney Smith, Lewis Wilson
    details at Internet Broadway Database - only 4 performances
    poster for 'R.U.R.' stageplay in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 1996  "R.U.R." [March 1996]
    performed at Ann Arbor [Michigan] Civic Theater,
    directed by Dana Buck

    A.A.D.L./A.A.C.T. program archive
    'R.U.R.' B.B.C. Radio dramatization on CD  "R.U.R." dramatization [2008] on B.B.C. Radio
    B.B.C. Worldwide Ltd. audio CD [2008] out of prodn/used
    B.B.C. Worldwide Ltd. audio CD [1/2010] out of prodn/used
    B.B.C. Worldwide Ltd./Audible CD [2008] for $9.95
    2008 radio broadcast of a full-cast dramatization of Karel Capek's 1920 stageplay;
    featuring Simon Ward & Tessa Peake-Jones

    "R*U*R: Reason's Universal Robots" high school stageplay [Oct 2009]
    Arroyo Grande [CA] High School Theatre Ensemble
    video of opening sequence [9:58] online at YouTube

    Cafe Neu Romance Intl. Robot Performing Arts Festival [est. 2012] in Prague, Czechia
    official websiteofficial facebook page [est. 1/2012]
    video about robots performing the stageplay "R.U.R" in 2015 [1:51] at Vimeo

    R.U.R. The Opera staged in Prague, Czech Republic  "R.U.R.: The Opera" [Prague 2014]
    Composed by Jan Jirásek; libretto by Jan Schmid & Jan Kolár; directed by Tomer Zvulun; Andrew Bisantz conducts the P.K.F. (Prague Philharmonia); principal singers include: Adriana Kucerová, Lucas Meachem, Štefan Kocán, Matthew Best, Amanda Crider, Nikola Uramová, Petr Nekoranec, Monika Fabiánová, Nikolay Didenko, Benedict Nelson, Pavol Remenár {as Capek}
    opera company website {in English}
    listen to Czech-language excerpts [9 tracks, less than one minute each] free online at SoundCloud

    "Rossum's Universal Robots" stageplay [Michigan Feb 2016]
    performed at Puzzle Piece Theatre in Ferndale (Detroit), Michigan

    "R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots)" stageplay [New Zealand Feb 2016]
    performed at Hannah Playhouse in Wellington, NZ

    Rossum's Universal Replicas playscript by Christopher Conlon  "Rossum's Universal Replicas: Karel Capek's R.U.R. Reimagined" stageplay [2017]
    by Christopher Conlon

    Described as a 'reimagining' of the nearly-100-year-old Capek drama; the setting here is the large sitting room of the Rossum family home, where strange things have begun happening . . .
    65-page Kindle Edition from BearManor Media [3/2017] for $3.00
    78-page BearManor Media 9x6 pb playscript [2/2017] for $12.00

    poster for 1938 BBC-TV "Rossum's Universal Robots"  "R.U.R.: Rossum's Universal Robots" [BBC-TV Feb 1938]
    35-minute live BBC-TV broadcast • {this film is considered lost} • Produced by Jan Bussell; based on the stageplay by Karel Capek; starring Derek Bond, Harvey Braban, William Lyon Brown, Cherry Cottrell, Desmond Davis, Annie Esmond, Judith Gick, Stephen Jack, Evan John, Gordon McLeod, Larry Silverstone, Connaught Stanleigh; won Hugo Award for Best Short Film
    DVD/Blu-ray not available • credits at IMDb
    recent imaginary film/stageplay poster by Sam Chivers  "R.U.R.: Rossum's Universal Robots" [BBC-TV March 1948]
    hour-long live BBC-TV broadcast • {this film is considered lost} • Produced, adapted & directed by Jan Bussell; based on the stageplay by Karel Capek; starring Anthony Eustrel, Eugene Leahy, Derek Tansley, Maurice Bannister, John Stuart, Pamela Stirling, Evelyn Moore, John Baker, Joy Adamson, Patrick Troughton, Dermot Palmer, Viola Merrett, Denis Fraser, David March, David Scase, Dudley Williams
    DVD/Blu-ray not available • credits at IMDb

    "R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots)" [WOR-TV Feb 1953]
    Episode 22 in Season 2 of the "Broadway Television Theatre" TV series [1952-54]
    starring Dorothy Hart & Hugh Reilly • not listed at IBDb • bare credits at IMDb

    R.U.R. Genesis video short  "R.U.R. Genesis" [Helicon Arts Sept 2013]
    7-minute live-action color video short; no real plot, robot girl tries to escape robot gangster thugs; youngsters 'protected' by requiring sign-in for some reason • Co-written & directed by James Kerwin; co-written by Andrew Deutsch; starring Chase Masterson, Kipleigh Brown, James Ellis Lane, Amara Cash, Vic Mignogna, John Champion, Mary Czerwinski, Vanessa Loret, Jason Weiss, Frederic Jean, Shadii, Meg Wolf
    Helicon Arts soundtrack CD by Mike Avenaim [2/2014] 4 tracks for $13.99
    full credits at IMDbofficial movie site
    watch official promo/short [9/2013 upload; 6:56] at YouTube

    "R.U.R." movie based on "Rossum’s Universal Robots" [Helicon Arts - in development for 2019?]  2019?
    latest info at IMDbofficial movie site

    tiny robot                 tiny robot

    "The Killer Robots" intergalactic rock band, etc.
    Began as a rock band in 2004, imitating the costumery & style of Kiss; stage show morphed into performance art, which morphed into videos and full-length films.
    Very strange bunch, very anarchic razzle-dazzle video game visuals, included here because, yes, the characters are robots.

    Killer Robots / Cosmic Potato  "The Killer Robots and The Battle For The Cosmic Potato" [indep 2011]
    80-minute comedy science fiction film about a degenerate intergalactic rock band that gets out of prison and is recruited by some vegetable people to help them find the Cosmic Potato of Power • Written & directed by and co-starring Sam Gaffin; also starring Jacob Dupree, Sally Evans, Charles Harris, Jenna Hellmuth, Espen Jorgensen, Lloyd Kaufman, Lysette Kiel, Mike McGowan, Cris Welti, Samuel Williams
    Lushy Lemming color DVD [7/2011] for $9.99
    watch 2/2010 official trailer [2:15] online at YouTube
    full credits at IMDbofficial website
    Killer Robots / Crash and Burn  "The Killer Robots! Crash and Burn" [indep July 2016]
    100-minute comedy science fiction film about robot mercenaries sent on a dangerous mission to activate a machine that will bring about a new age of enlightenment • Written & directed by and co-starring Sam Gaffin; also starring Amber Belko, Char Calaquian, Jeremy DeMoss, Destin Dern, Jacob Dupree, Michael Flores, Charles Harris, Jenna Hellmuth, Andy Jones, Espen Jorgensen, Christina Khulman, Lysette Kiel, Grace Kreeger, Linda Lindhorst, Gina Lockwood, Mandaddy, Brian Manowitz, Torie Martin, Ben Martino, Mike McGowan, Frankie Messina, Nicole Nulph, Shawn C. Phillips, Jesus Rodriguez, John Schumann, Laurel Schumann, Jordan Thrasher, Tim Wiley, Samuel Williams, Morgan Wilson, Scott Yuken
    Leomark Studios color Blu-ray [9/2016] for $19.99
    Leomark Studios color DVD [9/2016] for $19.99
    watch official trailers online at YouTube: 8/2014 trailer [1:32] + 7/2016 trailer [2:34]
    full credits at IMDbofficial website

    tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot

    Image  Gallery

    robot rebellion scene from the stageplay "R.U.R." circa 1920s         poster for "R.U.R." 2016 stageplay in New Zealand         poster for "R.U.R." 2016 stageplay in New Zealand         art poster by Zachary Mallett simulating Russian propaganda for robots to unionize - Comrades of Steel

    colorized still photo from 1954 movie "Gog"         May 1955 'Imagination Magazine' cover - where even robots have sex on the brain         robots on an assembly line

    tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot

    L i n k s
    search DVDs on keywords 'robot' and 'cyborg' at Amazon
    search books on keyword 'robotics' {returns 21,000+ titles} at Amazon

    'robot' entry at Wikipedia
    'robots in literature' entry at Wikipedia
    'fictional robots' category index at Wikipedia
    'fictional androids' category index at Wikipedia
    'fictional artificial intelligences' category index at Wikipedia
    'fictional computers' category index at Wikipedia
    'fictional cyborgs' category index at Wikipedia

    About•Robots fansite [est. 2011]
    Big Red Hair's 'The Robots of Oz' fanpage
    Big Red Hair's 'Mechanical Marvels of the XIXth Century' fanpage
    r.u.r. FILM postproduction in Prague
    Cafe Neu Romance Intl. Robot Performing Arts Festival [Oct 2017 = #6] in Prague, Czechia
    Vive Les Robots! educational website [est. 2006] based in Denmark
    Liberty Street Robot Supply & Repair [], 115 E. Liberty Street in Ann Arbor, Michigan

    "Why Automation Will Create, Not Destroy, Jobs" February 2017 article at LinkedIn

    here on the Robots & Cyborgs Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

    top of pageshort essaynon-fiction booksfiction worksimportant datestoys & gamesother mediaimage gallerylinks

    Cyber Film Festival at Magic Lantern Video & Book Store

    tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot                 tiny robot

    Visiting this webpage from outside the U.S.A.? It is possible to make purchases from these coded Amazon (USA) links
    via other Amazon sites: just follow these instructions.

    Online sales in association with  search books on keyword 'robotics' {returns 21,000+ titles} at Amazon

    top of this page   tiny robot   back to Spirit of America Bookstore homepage