Spirit of America Bookstore

fancy headline The American Circus

color photo from the movie "Water For Elephants" [2011]            brief history

books about the circus

movies & TV

stageplays, other media
toys & games

legendary circus people

American circuses

circus music


“Damn everything but the circus!” — poet E.E. Cummings

“Every country gets the circus [that] it deserves. Spain gets bullfights. Italy, the Church. America, Hollywood.”
— Erica Jong

“Time is a circus, always packing up and moving away.” — Ben Hecht

          B R I E F   H I S T O R Y
          t e x t
          h e r e
1881 March 28: Formation of the Barnum & Bailey Circus by the merger of P.T. Barnum's Greatest Show On Earth with the Cooper & Bailey Circus; later purchased by the Ringling Brothers (1907) and finally merged as the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Curcus in 1919.

'circus' entry at Wikipedia
search DVDs & Blu-ray on keyword 'circus' at Amazon returns 1,600+ titles

Spirit of America Bookstore's Circus Film Festival Page

Spirit of America Bookstore's P.T. Barnum [1810-91] Page

Selected  Books  About  The  Circus
search books on keywords 'circus history' at Amazon returns 1,000+ titles
search books on keywords 'circus fiction' at Amazon returns 2,300+ titles


"Center Ring: The People of The Circus" [1956] by Robert Lewis Taylor

"Josser: The Secret Life of A Circus Girl" [1999] by Nell Stroud
A modern day true story of what happened when Stroud ran away with the circus

"The Victorian Clown" [8/2006] by Prof. Jacky Bratton & Ann Featherstone

"The Advance Man: A Journey Into The World … " [2010] by Jamie MacVicar /1593932030/

"The Circus Book, 1870-1950" [11/2010] Dominique Jando

"Professor Risley and The Imperial Japanese Troupe: How An American Acrobat Introduced Circus To Japan
-- and Japan To The West" [12/2012] by Frederik L. Schodt

Through the Back Door of the Circus book by George Brinton Beal  
"Through The Back Door of The Circus with George Brinton Beal: The Inside Story of The Big Top" [1938]
McLoughlin Bros, Inc. 9x6 hardcover [1938] out of print/scarce
McLoughlin Bros, Inc. 9x6 hardcover [1938] out of print/scarce
Circus Trains Album of Photographs book from Kalmbach  "Circus Trains (Trains Album of Photographs, Number 19)" [1947]
by Charles Philip Fox

Kalmbach Publng hardcover [1947] out of print/scarce
Forty Years with the Greatest Show on Earth book by Fred Bradna & Hartzell Spence  "The Big Top: My Forty Years With The Greatest Show On Earth" [1952]
by {ringmaster} Fred Bradna as told to Hartzell Spence

Simon & Schuster 8¼x5½ hardcover [1952] out of print/used
Simon & Schuster 8¼x5½ hardcover [1952] out of print/used
Circus Parades Picture History book by Charles Philip Fox  "Circus Parades: A Picture History" [1953]
by C.P. (Charles Philip) Fox, Introduction by H. Ringling North

Century House 10¾x7½ hardcover [1953] out of print/used
Come to the Circus children's book by Charles Philip Fox  "Come To The Circus: An Easy-To-Read Photo-Story Book For Children" [1960]
by Charles Philip Fox

Reilly & Lee Co. hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
Reilly & Lee Co. hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
Circus In America book by Charles Philip Fox  "The Circus In America" [1969] by Charles Philip Fox
Hennessey & Ingalls 9½x12¼ hardcover [9/2002] for $0.00
Hennessey & Ingalls 9½x12¼ hardcover [9/2002] out of print/used
Country Beautiful 12x12½ hardcover [1969] out of print/40+ used
The Circus Moves By Rail book by Tom Parkinson & Charles Philip Fox  "The Circus Moves By Rail" [1970]
by Tom Parkinson & Charles Philip Fox

Carstens Press 7¾x10 pb [9/93] out of print/used
Pruett Publng 8¼x10¼ hardcover [6/70] out of print/used
No Performances Today train wreck book by Warren A. Reeder  "No Performances Today: Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus June 22, 1918" [1972]
by Warren A. Reeder, Jr.

The locomotive driver of a deadheading troop train fell asleep and his train plowed into the rear of the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus train of 26 cars, five miles east of Hammond, Indiana; many victims died instantly, then the train caught fire; 86 people died, 127 were injured • entry at Wikipedia
North State Press pb [1972] out of print/used
Great Circus Street Parade book by Charles Philip Fox & F. Beverly Kelley  
"The Great Circus Street Parade in Pictures: 183 Rare & Unusual Illustrations" [1978]
by Charles Philip Fox & F. Beverly Kelley

Dover Publns 9¼x8½ pb [1990] out of print/used
Dover Publns pb [8/78] out of print/used
American Circus Posters in full color book edited by Charles Philip Fox  "American Circus Posters (in full color)" [1978] Edited by Charles Philip Fox
Kindle Edition from Dover Publns [9/2012] for $9.99
Kindle Edition from Dover Publns [1978 edition] for $11.30
Dover Publns 14¼x10¼ pb [11/1978] for $11.89
American Circus Illustrated History book by John Culhane  "The American Circus: An Illustrated History" [1990] by John Culhane
Henry Holt & Co. 9¼x7½ pb [5/91] out of print/used
Henry Holt & Co. 9x6¼ hardcover [4/90] out of print/used

"America's Great Circus Parade: Its Roots, Its Revival, Its Revelry" [1993]
by Charles Philip 'Chappie' Fox
Reiman Assocs 10¾x8¼ pb [7/93] out of print/used

Under the Big Top / A Season with the Circus book by Bruce Feiler  "Under The Big Top: A Season With The Circus" [1995 classic] by Bruce Feiler
The author ran away with the circus and spent eight months traveling America
working as a clown with the Clyde Beatty-Cole Bros. Circus.

Kindle Edition from HarperCollins e-books [10/2009] for $9.78
Harper Perennial 8x5¼ pb [3/2003] for $13.49
Scribner's 9¼x6½ hardcover [6/95] out of print/many, many used
Freaks, Geeks & Strange Girls book by Randy Johnson, Jim Secreto & Teddy Varndell  "Freaks, Geeks & Strange Girls: Sideshow Banners of The Great American Midway" [1995] by Randy Johnson, Jim Secreto & Teddy Varndell
Last Gasp Press 9x6 pb [2/2015] for $29.52
Last Gasp Press 9x6 pb [3/2005] out of print/used
Last Gasp Press 9x6 pb [12/2004] out of print/used
Hardy Marks Publns 8¾x11½ hardcover [10/95] out of print/used

Trains of the Circus, 1872-1956 book by Fred Dahlinger  "Trains of The Circus, 1872-1956" [2000]
by Fred Dahlinger, Jr. and Circus World Museum

Iconografix 8¼x10 pb [6/2000] out of print/used
Show Trains of The 20th Century book by Fred Dahlinger  "Show Trains of The 20th Century" [2000]
by Fred Dahlinger, Jr. and Circus World Museum

Iconografix 8¼x10 pb [10/2000] for $26.96
Circus & Carnival Trucks, 1923-2000 book by Bill Rhodes  "Circus & Carnival Trucks: 1923-2000 Photo Archive" [2001]
by Bill Rhodes

Iconografix 8½x10 pb [10/2001] for $11.69
Circus & Carnival Tractors, 1930-2001 book by Bill Rhodes  "Circus & Carnival Tractors: 1930-2001 Photo Archive" [2002]
by Bill Rhodes

Iconografix 8½x10 pb [11/2002] for $17.29
Step Right Up, Stories of Carnivals anthology by edited by Nathaniel Knaebel  "Step Right Up: Stories of Carnivals, Sideshows, and The Circus" anthology [2004]
Edited by Nathaniel Knaebel

Anthology of both fiction and non-fiction; contributors include Kevin Baker, Michael Chabon, Susan Dickinson, Katherine Dunn, Lee Durkee, Robert Hough, Ellen Hunnicut, Joseph Michell, Flannery O'Connor, Fred Rosen, Jim Tully, and Eudora Welty
Carroll & Graf 9x6 pb [4/2004] for $14.40
Carny Folk / Side Show Acts book by Francine Homberger  "Carny Folk: The World's Weirdest Side Show Acts" [2005]
by Francine Homberger

Citadel Press 9x6 pb [4/2005] out of print/used
Citadel Press 9x6 pb [4/2005] out of print/used
Secrets of the Sideshows book by Joe Nickell   "Secrets of The Sideshows" [2005]
by Joe Nickell
(Senior Research Fellow of the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry)
Kindle Edition from Univ Press Kentucky [2005 edition] for $9.99
Univ Press Kentucky 9x6 pb [9/2008] for $19.95
Univ Press Kentucky 9x6 hardcover [9/2005] for $50.00
Univ Press Kentucky hardcover [9/2005] out of print/used
Spangles, Elephants, Violets & Me memoir by Victoria B. Cristiani Rossi  "Spangles, Elephants, Violets, and Me: The Circus, Inside Out" [2007]
by Victoria B. Cristiani Rossi

iUniverse 9x6 pb [4/2009] for $17.42
iUniverse 9x6 pb [9/2007] for $19.95
iUniverse 9x6 hardcover [9/2007] out of print/used
Fall of The Big Top / Vanishing American Circus book by David Lewis Hammarstrom  "Fall of The Big Top: The Vanishing American Circus" [2007]
by David Lewis Hammarstrom

McFarland & Co. 10x7¼ hardcover [10/2007] for $34.98
McFarland & Co. 10x7¼ hardcover [10/2008] out of print/used
Circus and Carnival Ballyhoo book by A.W. Stencell   "Circus and Carnival Ballyhoo: Sideshow Freaks, Jabbers, and Blade Box Queens"
[2010] by A.W. Stencell

Kindle Edition from E.C.W. Press [8/2010] for $17.41
E.C.W. Press 10x8 pb [8/2010] for $18.33
Great Circus Train Wreck of 1918 book by Richard M. Lytle  "The Great Circus Train Wreck of 1918: Tragedy On The Indiana Lakeshore" [2010]
by Richard M. Lytle

Kindle Edition from The History Press [11/2011] for $9.99
The History Press 9x6½ pb [7/2010] for $15.86
Life and Times on the Greatest Show on Earth book by Joe Wood  "Funnymen: Life and Times On The Greatest Show On Earth" [2010]
by {former clown} Joe Wood

Kindle Edition from Rosedog Press [8/2011] for $9.99
Rosedog Press 9x6 pb [12/2010] for $14.00
Cradle of The American Circus poems & essays book by Jo Pitkin  "Cradle of The American Circus: Poems (and Essays) From Somers, New York"
[2012] by Jo Pitkin

Kindle Edition from The History Press [9/2012] for $9.99
The History Press 9x6 pb [9/2012] for $16.60
America's Greatest Circus Train book by Bruce C. Nelson  "America's Greatest Circus Train" [2013]
by Bruce C. Nelson, Foreword by Fred Dahlinger, Jr.

The annual circus parade in Baraboo, Wisconsin began as a small test in 1963, but the response was enormous, so they added taking the circus by train to Milwaukee and then to Chicago; but the Bush economy took its toll, and the last such circus train was in 2003; 335 mostly-color photographs.
Heimburger House Publng 10½x10½ hardcover [9/2013] for $49.46
Beneath the Big Top Social History book by Steve Ward  
"Beneath The Big Top: A Social History of The Circus In Britain" [2014]
by Steve Ward

Pen and Sword 9¼x6 pb [11/2014] for $18.66
Greatest Shows on Earth / History of the Circus book by Linda Simon  "The Greatest Shows On Earth: A History of The Circus" [2014] by Linda Simon
Kindle Edition from Reaktion Books [5/2015] for $25.56 {sic}
Reaktion Books 8¾x6¾ hardcover [11/2014] for $26.90
Reaktion Books 8¾x6¾ hardcover [11/2014] out of print/used
Reaktion Books 8¾x6¾ hardcover [11/2014] out of print/used
Reaktion Books 8¾x6¾ hardcover [11/2014] out of print/used
Big Top Burning book by Laura A. Woollett  "Big Top Burning: The True Story of An Arsonist, A Missing Girl, and The Greatest Show On Earth" [grades 5-8; 2015] by Laura A. Woollett
At Hartford, Connecticut in 1944, the Ringling Brothers main circus tent burned to the ground in ten minutes; 167 people died and many more were injured. The author examines the long-unsolved arson case with the purpose of asking the many questions that remain unanswered.
Kindle Edition from Chicago Review Press [6/2015] for $9.99
Chicago Review Press 8¾x5¾ hardcover [6/2015] for $14.79
Staging The Great Circus Parade book from Images of Modern America  "Staging The Great Circus Parade (Images of Modern America)" [2016]
by Jim & Donna Peterson

Kindle Edition from Arcadia Publng [5/2016] for $7.99
Arcadia Publng 9¼x6½ pb [5/2016] for $19.54
History Press Library 9½x6¾ hardcover [5/2016] for $19.87
Big Top Typewriter book by David Lewis Hammarstrom   "Big Top Typewriter: My Inside Adventures Through The World of Circus" [2017]
by David Lewis Hammarstrom

CreateSpace 9x6 pb [4/2017] for $17.94
¨                         ¨

Spirit of America Bookstore's Circus Fiction Page
still another section that grew rapidly, so it was split off in April 2017.
top of pageselected circus fictionbooks for young circus fans

Movies & Television

Another section that just kept growing, so Circus Movies & TV Shows information was split off
to the Circus Film Festival Pages in May 2013.

Circuses & Sideshows claims the largest list of circus-themed movies, but displays only 48.

"The Circus"  [United Artists Jan 1928]
won Honorary Oscar 'for versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing and producing "The Circus" '  Chaplin's The Circus video/DVD  The cops at a circus think that the Little Tramp is a pickpocket; Charlie runs into the big tent and his attempts to elude the cops are a big hit with the crowd; but Charlie is unable to be funny on purpose, so the circus owner hires him as a sweeper • Produced, written, directed & edited by and starring Charles Chaplin; co-starring Al Ernest Garcia, Merna Kennedy, Harry Crocker, George Davis, Henry Bergman, Tiny Sandford, John Rand & Steve Murphy; won Honorary Oscar
Warner b&w Special Edition DVD [3/2004] 2 disks for $50.12
full credits from IMDb

"Charlie Chan At The Circus" [Fox March 1936]
Charlie Chan At The Circus movie poster  On vacation with his wife & twelve children, Honolulu detective Charlie Chan visits a circus just as someone murders one of the owners. Directed by Harry Lachman; starring Warner Oland (as Chan}, Keye Luke, Boothe Howard, Drue Leyton, Maxine Reiner, George & Olive Brasno, Francis Ford, J. Carrol Naish & Shia Jung
b&w DVD available as part of color/b&w DVD available as part of box set Volume 2
11"x17" poster from Amazon for $9.99
full credits from IMDb

"The Greatest Show On Earth" [Paramount Pictures Jan 1952]
won Oscar for Best Picture  won Oscar for Best Story    "The Greatest Show On Earth" 1952 movie by Cecil B. DeMille  
two-sheet poster for "The Greatest Show On Earth" 1952 movie by Cecil B. DeMille  
Filmed in 35mm three-strip Technicolor; the manager of a major 'railroad circus' convinces the owners to allow him to keep the show going as long as it brings in a profit; he hires a star trapeze act, which upsets his trapeze artist girlfriend; other problems include a crooked midway concessionaire, and love triangles & professional jealousy aplenty. The fired crook robs the box office and stages a railroad wreck to cover his tracks, which injures the manager, so the girlfriend rallies the troops and the show goes on . . .
Co-produced by Cecil B. DeMille & Henry Wilcoxon; directed by Cecil B. DeMille; written by Frank Cavett, Fredric M. Frank, Jack Gariss, Barré Lyndon & Theodore St. John; original music by Victor Young; starring Charlton Heston, Betty Hutton, Cornel Wilde, Dorothy Lamour, James Stewart, Gloria Grahame, Henry Wilcoxon, Lyle Bettger, Lawrence Tierney, clown Emmett Kelly, circus owner John Ringling North, clown Lou Jacobs & Edmond O'Brien; with cameos by Leon Ames, Oliver Blake, William Boyd (as Hopalong Cassidy}, Bing Crosby, Bob Crosby, Van Heflin, Bob Hope, Noel Neill & Danny Thomas; won Oscars for Best Picture & Best Story, Oscar noms for Best Director, Best Costume Design, Best Editing
Paramount widescreen color DVD [4/2004] 2 disks for $6.99
Paramount color DVD [4/2004] for $8.96
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
movie-tie-in novelization
Paramount mass pb [1952] out of print/used

"Water For Elephants" [Fox April 2011]
Water For Elephants movie poster  Just at graduation from college in 1931, Jacob's life falls apart; he finds work with the struggling Benzini Brothers traveling circus and falls in love with the wife of the ruthless circus owner; filmed in California, Georgia & Tennessee, especially on the Tennessee Valley Railroad near Chattanooga (with Engine #18 clearly visible) • Directed by Francis Lawrence; script by Richard LaGravenese, based on Sara Gruen's bestseller novel; cinematography by Rodrigo Prieto; starring Reese Witherspoon, Robert Pattinson, Chris-toph Waltz, Hal Holbrook, Jim Norton, Paul Schneider, Richard Brake, Mark Povinelli & Tai the Elephant
DVD/Blu-ray not yet available
full credits at IMDbofficial movie sitemovie entry at Wikipedia

Stageplays,  Radio,  Other  Media

®                       ®
'The Circus Girl' 1896 musical stageplay  "The Circus Girl" musical stageplay [Dec 1896]
British play, set in France; opened on Broadway April-August 1897 (but not listed on IBDb); book by James T. Tanner & Walter Palings, lyrics by Harry Greenbank & Adrian Ross, music by Ivan Caryll; praised by Sir Arthur Sullivan; original was quite a production, with a trapeze act and the Human Cannonball onstage
play entry at Wikipediaentry at Guide To Musical Theatre website
Chappell & Co. playscript hardcover [1897] out of print/scarce
Chappell & Co. playscript hardcover [1897] out of print/scarce
'The Balloon Girl' 1920s stageplay by Robert J. Sherman  
"The Balloon Girl: A Comedy Drama of Circus Life" stageplay [circa 1920]
by Robert J. Sherman

"A story of a sweet, little circus girl, her bad sister, a minister, and meddling town gossips" per the poster online at Library of America; playscript or other info not found {5/2013}
Ellery Queen / Adventure of The Circus Train radio script in Kindle format from Shamrock Eden  "Ellery Queen: The Adventure of The Circus Train" for Kindle [2009]
Kindle Edition from Shamrock Eden Publng [6/2009] is no longer available at Amazon
script from half-hour "Ellery Queen" radio series, program broadcast 25 March 1943
broadcast recording available from Old Time Radio Catalog
"The Adventures of Ellery Queen" radio show on MP3 format CD [undated]
17 episodes for $5.00 + s/h

"The Circus Starring Britney Spears" worldwide tour [2009]
Circus album [2008] by Britney Spears  Pop star Britney Spears took a circus-themed show to 45 U.S. cities, 7 cities in Canada, 11 cities in Europe & Russia, and 6 cities in Australia, from March to November in 2009; opening acts included the Pussycat Dolls and the Big Apple Circus; the setlist included numbers from Britney's prior albums "In the Zone", "Blackout", and "Circus'; although wishful speculation continues, there is no plan for a DVD of the tour (as-of 2017).
DVD/Blu-ray not available • not listed at IMDb • tour entry at Wikipedia
watch concert video [4/2016 upload with terrible sound; 1:31:44] free online at YouTube
"Circus" music album [2008]album entry at Wikipedia
Britney's sixth studio album; includes Billboard #1 song "Womanizer", Billboard #3 song "Circus", and Billboard 100 hits "If U Seek Amy" and "Radar"; added tracks on Deluxe album are "Rock Me In" & "Phonography"
Jive Records Deluxe Edition music CD [12/2008] 15 tracks on 2 disks for $6.77
Jive Records music CD [12/2008] 13 tracks for $9.35

Toys  and  Games

Rhode Island Novelty red foam clown noses [2013] 1 dozen for $5.99
Z Costume red foam clown noses [2013] 25 pieces for $5.86

Bachmann Ringmaster HO-scale Electric Train Set  Bachmann Ringmaster HO-scale Electric Train Set [2012]
includes 0-6-0 steam locomotive & tender, performers' car, water tank car, horses' stock car, and caboose, plus 47"x38" track oval
Bachmann RTR electric train set [2012] for $135.93
Bachmann RTR electric train set [2012] for $145.48
Bachmann Ringling Bros. G-scale Electric Train Set   Bachmann Ringling Bros. Garden-Scale Electric Train Set [2014]
includes 4-6-0 steam locomotive & tender, performers' car, flat car with circus wagons, elephant stock car, scale circus animals, plus 98"x51" G-scale track oval
Bachmann RTR G-scale electric train set [2014] for $324.99

Legendary  Circus  People  &  Acts

Circus Heroes & Heroines book by Rhina Kirk  
"Circus Heroes and Heroines" [1972] by Rhina Kirk
Brief profiles of famous circus personalities such as P.T. Barnum, Tom Thumb,
Clyde Beatty, and Annie Oakley - plus a short history of the origins of the circus.

Hammond, Inc. 10x7¼ hardcover [1972] out of print/many used
Hammond, Inc. 10x7¼ hardcover [1972] out of print/used

the father of the circus, Philip Astley

Spirit of America Bookstore's
Phineas Taylor 'P.T.' Barnum [1810-91] Page

Bozo the Clown
Capitol Records 1946; Larry Harmon bought the rights in 1956+
"The Man Behind The Nose: Assassins, Astronauts, Cannibals, and Other Stupendous Tales" autobio [Igniter Books 2010]
Bozo the Clown 1952 pilot "Pinky Talks Back" found by Larry Harmon in Hollywood vault (4/2001)

William Cameron Coup [1836-95]
sideshow entrepreneur 1853-69; partner with Dan Castello in Great Lakes showboat 1869; partner with Castello & P.T. Barnum 1870-75;
operated various aquariums, museums, Wild West shows, and circuses from 1876 to 1895.

German poster for W.C. Coup's New United Monster Shows, circa 1880   "Sawdust & Spangles: Stories & Secrets of The Circus" [Herbert S. Stone 1901]
by W.C. Coup

Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [6/2011] for FREE! {sic}
Kindle Edition from Certified Classics [5/2011] for 99¢
CreateSpace 9x6 pb [8/2014] for $6.99
Scholar's Choice 9¾x7½ pb [2/2015] for $27.32
available as free online etext at Project Gutenberg / Internet Archive
Sawdust and Spangles W.C. Coup biography by Ralph Covert & G. Riley Mills  "Sawdust and Spangles: The Amazing Life of W.C. Coup" [ages 4-8; 2007]
by Ralph Covert & G. Riley Mills, Illustrated by Giselle Potter

Harry N. Abrams 9¼x11½ hardcover [9/2007] for $14.00

Jumbo the Circus Elephant [1860-85] entry at Wikipedia
Topsy the Circus Elephant [1875-1903] entry at Wikipedia

Jumbo's Keeper: Autobiography & Jumbo's Biography book by Matthew Scott  "Jumbo's Keeper: Autobiography of Matthew Scott" also "Jumbo's Biography" [1885]
by Matthew Scott

Kindle Edition from Literary Thoughts [12/2016] for $6.99
hansebooks 8½x5½ pb [5/2017] for $14.90
Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [9/2010] for $27.16
Elephant Story, Jumbo & P.T. Barnum book by Les Harding  "Elephant Story: Jumbo and P.T. Barnum Under the Big Top" [2000]
by Les Harding

McFarland & Co. 9x6 pb [2/2000] for $19.99
Jumbo Greatest Elephant in the World book by Paul Chambers  "Jumbo: This Being The True Story of The Greatest Elephant In The World" [2008]
by Paul Chambers

Kindle Edition from Andre Deutsch [5/2009] for $10.24
Andre Deutsch 7¾x5 pb [5/2009] for $5.40
Steerforth 7¾x5 pb [2/2009] for $7.79
ReadHowYouWant 16th edition 10x7¾ pb [6/2013] for $24.99
Steerforth 8x5¼ hardcover [3/2008] for $14.32
Jumbo The Elephant book by Jon Ellison  "Jumbo The Elephant: Mr Scott's Obsession - Inspired By A True Story" [2013]
by Jon Ellison

The elephant Jumbo lived at the London Zoo from 1865 to 1882, when he was sold to P.T. Barnum and then exhibited in America until 1885. Jumbo was killed by a railroad locomotive in Canada, after which Barnum exhibited the skin and skeleton; Jumbo's skeleton & hide was on exhibit at Tufts University until destroyed in a fire in 1975.
181-page Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [2/2013] for 99¢
Topsy The Crooked-Tailed Elephant book by Michael Daly  "Topsy: The Startling Story of The Crooked-Tailed Elephant, P.T. Barnum, and The American Wizard Thomas Edison" [2013] by Michael Daly
Topsy the Elephant was a victim of the 'War of The Currents', electrocuted at Coney Island, New York in 1903; Edison was desperate to prove that his direct electric current system was best, that the alter-nating current system of his opponents George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla was dangerous; the execution of Topsy was successful, but Edison ultimately failed.
Kindle Edition from Atlantic Monthly Press [7/2013] for $9.99
Grove Press 8¼x5½ pb [6/2014] for $12.09
Atlantic Monthly Press 8¼x5½ hardcover [7/2013] for $8.00
Edison Film Mfg. Co. record of the 1903 execution [1:17] online at YouTube
Behemoth / the Elephant in America book by Ronald B. Tobias  
"Behemoth: The History of The Elephant In America" [2013]
by Ronald B. Tobias

Kindle Edition from Harper Perennial [10/2013] for $1.99
Harper Perennial 8x5¼ pb [10/2013] for $10.16
Harper Perennial mass pb [10/2013] out of print/used

circus clown Edwin 'Poodles' Hanneford [1891-1967] http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0360372/

Harpo the Clown, based in Palm Springs, California

Emmett Kelly http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0446374/
Emmett Kelly Museum in Sedan, Kansas
"The Clown" [CBS-TV March 1955] episode of "G.E. True Theater" /tt0586285/ based on a book by Emmett Kelly

"Circus Queen and Tinker Bell: The Memoir of Tiny Kline" [] /B0071UNVUS/

Queen of the Air biography of Lillian Leitzel by Dean Jensen  "Queen of The Air: A True Story of Love and Tragedy At The Circus" [2013]
by Dean N. Jensen

A passionate recounting of the life, loves, and career of Lillian Leitzel [1892-1931], once the most famous circus performer who ever lived - a tiny, flamboyant woman who commanded the world's attention and came to the kind of grand, shocking demise that served only to burnish her legend.
Kindle Edition from Random House Digital [6/2013] for $12.99
Crown Books 9¼x6¼ deckle-edge hardcover [6/2013] for $18.89

The Flying Wallendas
http://www.amazon.com/Wallenda-A-Biography-Karl/dp/091529804X/ [1976]
1978, The Great Wallendas, a made-for-TV movie about the family

Nabisco Barnum's Animal Crackers box (polar bear)      Nabisco Barnum's Animal Crackers box (moose)       Nabisco Barnum's Animal Crackers box (gorilla)       Nabisco Barnum's Animal Crackers box (giraffe)

American  Circus  Companies
'List of circuses & circus owners' at Wikipedia

Buffalo Bill Cody Page / Wild West Show Section at 'Readers of The Purple Sage' Western Bookstore

Western Culture Page / Wild West Show Section at 'Readers of The Purple Sage' Western Bookstore

Chipperfield's Circus [est. 1684] is based in U.K.

Al G. Barnes Circus [1895-1938] wintered in California
Pawnee Bill's Historic Wild West Show [1888-1908]
Sells-Floto Circus [1904-1931]
Miller Brothers 101 Ranch Wild West Show [1907-1927]
Tom Mix Circus [1935-38] page at Circus History website
Carson & Barnes Circus [est. 1937] based in Hugo, Oklahoma
Kelly Miller Traveling Circus – America's One Ring Wonder™ [est. 1938] based in Hugo, Oklahoma
Culpepper & Merriweather Circus Great Combined Circus [est. 1985] based in Hugo, Oklahoma
Circus Flora [est. 1987] in St. Louis, Missouri
Circus Smirkus travelling youth circus [est. 1987] is based in Vermont
Clyde Beatty Circus
The Jordan World Circus [] - based in Las Vegas, Nevada
James E. Strates Carnival [est. 1923] based in Orlando, Florida: Wikipediaofficial website
Zoppe Family Circus [est. 1842] based in St. Louis, Missouri

Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey poster           poster of the five Ringling Bros. 'Kings of The Circus World'
The Cooper & Bailey Circus was established in the 1860s; showman P.T. Barnum [1810-91] established a circus in 1870 that was later renamed The Greatest Show On Earth; the Barnum & Bailey Circus was formed by merger in March 1881; five of the seven Ringling Brothers established The World's Greatest Shows circus in 1884; Ringling purchased Barnum & Bailey in 1907 and finally merged in 1919 to form the 'Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus'. The Feld family bought the Ringling circus in 1967; they announced in January 2017 that the company will close down in May due to the sluggish economy, declining attendance, and animal rights activism.
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey official website
John & Mable Ringling Museums, 5401 Bay Shore Road in Sarasota, Florida

"Ringlingville USA: The Stupendous Story of … " [] by Jerry Apps /087020355X/
"The Circus Kings: Our Ringling Family Story" [] by Henry Ringling North /081303311X/

http://www.amazon.com/Ringling-Bros-Barnum-Bailey-Circus/dp/B0036G295E/ = #132
http://www.amazon.com/The-Greatest-Show-Earth-Souvenir/dp/B000G1OD5Q/ = #134
http://www.amazon.com/Greatest-Show-Earth-Souvenir-Edition/dp/B000RJOITI/ = #135
http://www.amazon.com/Edition-Souvenir-Ringling-Barnum-Bailey/dp/B00186PGS6/ = #136
"Biography: The Ringling Brothers" []
"Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus: Be A Clown" video [1987] /tt2027203/
"Ringling Brothers, Kings of The Circus" [2005]
8/2011 video [7:45] of trains passing the Burbank, California Amtrak station,
including the Ringling Bros. circus train

PBS Documentary “The Life and Times of John and Mabel Ringling” directed by Curtis Graham of Greyhouse Films in Florida

Ringling, The Last Laugh book by Michael Lancaster   "Ringling: The Last Laugh - A Novel" [2012]
by Michael Lancaster
{great grandson of Charles Ringling}
'The real story of the Ringling Brothers as told by John Ringling, the last surviving brother, in 1936'
Kindle Edition from Ballyhoo Books [8/2012] for $7.99
Ballyhoo Books 9x6 pb [5/2012] for $14.02

SIDEBAR: Captain Jacob Crowninshield of the cargo ship America imported an elephant from India in April 1796; disputes exist whether this is the first or second elephant in the United States, but it was certainly the first circus elephant. The animal was purchased by cattle farmer Hachaliah Bailey [1775-1845] of Somers, New York, and taken on tour. At first called Betty, and later Old Bet, the animal generated a small fortune, and was put to pasture in the American South each winter.

In July of 1816, Bailey and Old bet were walking down the main road near Alfred, Maine when a local farmer, driven mad by the loss of his gristmill business, attacked and shot Old Bet twice in the head; she died instantly. Never one to ignore a revenue stream, Bailey had Old Bet skinned and continued touring with the hide and skeleton. The tour attracted much less revenue and Bailey decided to retire. He purchased a hotel in Somers, New York and renamed it The Elephant Hotel; he constructed a monument in front of the hotel of a wooden likeness of Old Bet atop a granite pillar. The building and monument still stand:  click here for photograph (in a new window)  the first two floors serve as the Somers Town Hall and the third floor is home to
the Somers Historical Society [est. 1956] and the Museum of The Early American Circus.

Bailey eventually gave Old Bet's remains to P.T. Barnum for exhibit at his American Museum in New York City (which was destroyed by fire in 1865). Hachaliah Bailey’s nephew, Frederic Harrison Bailey, adopted orphan James Anthony McGinnis, who, a name change later, became the famous ringmaster James Bailey [1847-1906].
source article from WHAV Radio website

"Cirque du Soleil: The Magic Circus" [1989] TV movie /tt2434722/
"Cirque du Soleil: We Reinvent The Circus" [1992] video /tt0845972/
"Cirque du Soleil: Saltimbanco" [1997] TV /tt0141799/
"Cirque du Soleil: Quidam" [1999] video documentary /tt0219593/
"Cirque du Soleil: Alegria" video [11/1999] /tt0123376/
"Cirque du Soleil: Alegria" [11/2001] TV movie /tt0312571/
"Cirque du Soleil: Dralion" [2001] video /tt0276866/
"Cirque du Soleil: Solstrom" [2003] TV series documentary /tt0824521/
"Cirque du Soleil: Varekai" [2003] TV special documentary /tt0368647/
"Cirque du Soleil: La Nouba" [2004] video documentary /tt0442043/
"Cirque du Soleil: Iris"
"Cirque du Soleil: Zarkana"
"Cirque du Soleil: Totem"
"Cirque du Soleil: Journey of Man in 3-D"
"Cirque du Soleil: Worlds Away in 3-D" [2012] /tt1792647/

Circus Music   circus calliope version of "March of The Gladiators" [26KB midi file plays 2:16

South Shore Circus Concert Band Store {20+ CD albums} at Amazon

vinyl LP album cover for "Circus Time With The Dukes of Dixieland"  "Circus Time With The Dukes of Dixieland (Volume 7)" [1958]
Craze Prodns audio CD [12/2012] 12 tracks for $9.99
"Big Top Circus Calliope" vinyl LP album  "Big Top Circus Calliope: Recorded Out of Doors - featuring the Wurlitzer Calliola at Paul Eakins' Gay 90s Village in Sikeston, Missouri" [1960s]
Audio Fidelity vinyl LP album [undated] 13 tracks - out of prodn/used

http://www.amazon.com/Circus-Calliope-Vol-2/dp/B004G0VAH2/ = MP3

Circus Links
Circus World Museum in Baraboo, Wisconsin
Circus Historical Society [est. 1939]

Peru, Indiana - The Circus Capital of The World!
International Circus Hall of Fame [est. 1956 in Sarasota, Florida; moved 1981 to Peru, Indiana]
Peru Amateur Circus and Circus City Festival [est. 1960]
Circus Fans Assn. of America [est. 1926] based in Ohio
Circopedia: Free Encyclopedia of The International Circus [est. 2007]

World Circus Day [est. 1936] occurs on various days in April      Intl. Clown Hall of Fame      Circus Model Builders, Inc. [est. 1936] is based in Pennsylvania, USA      Clowns of America Intl.       American Clown Academy [est. 2012] based in Ohio       Fédération Mondiale du Cirque [est. 2008] based in Monaco

Circus Fans of Australasia, Inc. [est 1972] based in NSW, Australia

Circus Anonymous weblog [est. 2008]
The Circus Blog [est. 2008] by Ivan M. Henry
Circus Stuff [est. 2004] based in NSW, Australia
Circus Trains: The Second Greatest Show On Earth
Circus World theme park [1974-86] in Polk County, Florida
Circuses and Sideshows history fansite [est. 2013]
Angie's Circus City Diner [est. 1998], 1312 E. Jackson Street in Hugo, Oklahoma
Gamma Phi Circus Program [est. 1929] at Illinois State University
F.S.U. Flying High Circus Program & Summer Camp [est. 1947] at Florida State University in Tallahassee, FL

here on The American Circus Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

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Spirit of America Bookstore's Circus Film Festival Pages

Spirit of America Bookstore's P.T. Barnum [1810-91] Page

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