Spirit of America Bookstore

Geared  Steam  Locomotives

            gearing on the side of Cass Scenic Railroad locomotive #5 {see also video clip below)             short history

Shay-geared locomotives
Climax-geared locomotives
Heisler-geared locomotives
Willamette-geared locomotives
other brands & designs

books • videos & other media

lumber & railroad companies

locomotives you can visit

image gallery • links


Geared steam locomotives were designed with high torque and low speed to solve problems in rustic and
mountainous terrain, such as where lumber and mining operations were located.


               Many people today, when asked about railroad locomotives, envision the boxy and colorful diesel-electric units on the front of a hundred or so freight cars. Older folk remember the steam locomotive with fondness, and if asked to describe one, they would say that the pistons were on the front of the big boiler, the wheels were underneath, the engineer waved from the cab, and the separate 'tender' followed. Such 'rod' locomotives were the mainstays of passenger and freight trains for more than a hundred years. Railroads ordered bigger and bigger machines, which were restricted by weight (on bridges, etc.) and were designed for speed and power. But steam locomotives were phased out in the 1950s and 1960s due to the high cost of maintenance. Hook four or five diesel locomotives together and they can produce all the speed and power of even the largest steam locomotive.

               But there were non-mainline uses of railroads which had other requirements besides speed. The problem of the tight curves of mountain mining railroads was solved by narrow-gauge track (mostly three-feet wide instead of the 'standard gauge' of 4 feet and 8½ inches). Both mainline and narrow-gauge railroads were also restricted by the steepness of the track (called 'grade') with a 2-percent grade being a problem in most locations.
               Lumber and mining operations in the East and West largely ignored grade; they just lay track – often temporary – over hill and dale to where the lumber or mines were, and used geared locomotives to drag the loaded ore and lumber cars at low speeds up and down grades as high as 6 percent. (Steeper grades, such as hauling tourists up the side of mountains, use rack-system locomotives.)
               Many 'shortline' railroads continued to operate steam locomotives into the 1980s and 1990s, and these and other types of steam locomotives still operate outside the U.S. and Canada. But as the infrastructure for steam locomotives dwindled in America, many shortlines converted to diesel-electric motive power. What remains today of rod and geared steam locomotives are mostly either on static display or running on seasonal or year-round tourist lines.

               The four main types or brands of geared steam locomotives are/were:

  • Shay-geared locomotives built 1878-1945 by Lima Locomotive Works with two or three vertical pistons on the right side;
  • Climax-geared locomotives built 1888-1928 with a cylinder on each side that angles down and backward toward a mid-boiler differential unit that powers the
                   central driveshaft;
  • Heisler-geared locomotives built 1892-1948 with a cylinder on each side, forming a 'V' to the central driveshaft;
  • locomotives built 1922-29 by Willamette Iron & Steel Works in Portland, Oregon look like Shay-geared engines, but the pistons/cylinders, for example, are
                   mounted forward of the cab. (Both Shay and Willamette engines have the boiler set off-center to accomodate the pistons/cylinders.)
  • 'geared steam locomotives' page at Wikipedia

    Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998] based in Arkansas

    Spirit of America Bookstore's American Railroads Pages
    page one • page two • page three

    Spirit of America Bookstore's 'Non-Fiction Books About Railroads' Pages

    Spirit of America Bookstore's 'Railroads in Fiction' Pages

    Spirit of America Bookstore's Railroad Film Festival Pages

    G.E. Nordell's California Travel / Railroads Links Page
    G.E. Nordell's Colorado Travel / Railroads Links Pages
    G.E. Nordell's Nevada Travel / Railroads Links Page
    G.E. Nordell's New Mexico Travel / Railroads Links Page
    G.E. Nordell's Utah Travel / Railroads Links Page


    2-truck Shay-geared locomotive            3-truck Shay-geared locomotive

    b&w logo for Lima Shay-geared locomotives            b&w logo for Lima Locomotive Works            brass plate logo for Lima Locomotive Works

    Shay-geared  Locomotives
    Shay locomotive entry at Wikipedia
    Shay Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]
    Shay Locomotives fansite [est. 1998]
    Ephraim Shay [1839-1916] of Michigan began to develop his design for a geared steam locomotive for logging in 1872; he sold manufacturing rights
    to Lima Machine Works in Ohio circa 1880, then received his first patent in June 1881. 2,767 Shay-geared engines were built by Lima between
    1878 and 1945; 117 still exist, mostly on display with a few dozen that are operational.
    Ephraim Shay entry at Wikipedia
    Ephraim Shay fansite {dead? 2014}
    {Ephraim} Shay Days Festival [July] in Harbor Springs, Michigan

    Shay Patent & Direct Locomotives catalog from Lima Locomotive Works  "Shay Patent and Direct Locomotives: Logging Cars, Car Wheels, Axles, Railroad and Machinery Castings" from Lima Locomotive Works
    Periscope Film, LLC 6x8¼ pb [3/2010] for $10.76
    Periscope Film, LLC 6¾x8¾ perfect-bound pb [9/2008] out of print/used
    1919 facsimile Pacific Fast mail 10¾x8 pb [1979 reprint] out of print/used
    Shay Geared Locomotive & Repair Parts Catalog books by Lima Locomotive Works  "Shay Geared Locomotives and Repair Parts Catalog" [1920s]
    from Lima Locomotive Works

    Periscope Film, LLC 10x8 pb [1/2010] for $16.89
    Periscope Film, LLC pb [1/2010] out of print/used
    Pacific Fast Mail green cover 10¾x8 pb [1979 reprint] out of print/used
    Shays on the Switchbacks booklet by Elwood White & David Wilkie  "Shays On The Switchbacks: A History of The Lenora and Mt. Sicker Railway, 1903-1908" [1963] by Elwood White & David Wilkie
    The L&MS Railway [1903-08] hauled copper ore on Vancouver Island in British Columbia using Shay-geared locomotives.
    British Columbia Railway Historical Assn. 40-page pb booklet [1968] out of print/used
    British Columbia Railway Historical Assn. 40-page pb booklet [1963] out of print/used
    Pacific Coast Shay book by Dan Ranger  "Pacific Coast Shay: Strong Man of The Woods" [1964] by Dan Ranger
    Golden West Books 10¾x8¾ textbook hardcover [6/64] out of print/used
    Golden West Books 10¾x8¾ hardcover [6/64] out of print/used
    Shay Locomotive Titan of the Timber book by Michael Koch  "The Shay Locomotive: Titan of The Timber" [1971]
    by Michael Koch

    World Press 9x6½ hardcover [1971] out of print/used
    "Me n' The Shay" short story by John Watts in Kindle format  "Me n' The Shay" short story for Kindle [2010] by John Watts
    19-page Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [9/2013] for 99’
    Fiction? Or autobiography? A fourteen-year-old boy learns from a friendly neighbor
    how to operate a retired Shay-geared locomotive.


    b&w logo for Climax Locomotives     early Climax-geared locomotive

    Climax-geared  Locomotives
    Climax locomotives entry at Wikipedia
    Ed Vasser's Climax Locomotives fansite [est. 1998]
    Climax Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]
    Design invented by Charles Darwin Scott in 1878; patent granted in 1888; Climax built at least 1,030 geared locomotives between 1888 and 1928;
    approximately 20 Climax locomotives survive in North America (5 operational), two survive in Australia (1 operational), and four in New Zealand.

    Climax, An Unusual Steam Locomotive book by Thomas T. Taber III & Walter Casler  "Climax: An Unusual Steam Locomotive" [1960]
    by Thomas T. Taber III & Walter Casler

    Railroadians of America hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
    Railroadians of America hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
    Railroadians of America hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
    Railroadians of America hardcover [1960] out of print/scarce
    The Climax Locomotive book by Dennis Thompson, Richard Dunn & Steve Hauff  "The Climax Locomotive" [2002]
    by Dennis Blake Thompson, Richard Dunn & Steve Hauff

    Oso Publng 11x8½ hardcover [8/2002] out of print/used


    plain logo for Heisler Geared Locomotives         ad for Heisler Locomotive Works 'Lumbermen Want Facts'         early 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive

    Heisler-geared  Locomotives
    Heisler locomotive entry at Wikipedia
    Heisler Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]
    LT's Heisler Locomotives of New Zealand fansite
    The first Heislers were built by Dunkirk Engineering Company of New York in 1891; in 1894, the Stearns Manufacturing Company of Erie, Pennsylvania started to produce Heislers, and did so until 1904, then reorganised in 1907 as the Heisler Locomotive Works, which produced locomotives until 1941. A sawmill company in New Zealand sought a Heisler-geared locomotive in 1943, but since the official factory was closed, it was built in-country. Roughly 625 Heislers were produced;
    some 35 still exist, of which eight are operational.

    Geared Locomotives of Dunkirk book by David M. Hoffman  "The Geared Locomotives of Dunkirk" [1979]
    by David M. Hoffman

    self-publd pb booklet [1979] out of print/used
    The Heisler Locomotive 1891-1941 book by Benjamin F.G. Kline  "The Heisler Locomotive, 1891-1941" [1982] by Benjamin F.G. Kline
    contains Charles Heisler biography; history of Stearns, Heisler & Whitney companies; construction documents; detailed scale drawings; builder lists & owner list; bibliography, index; illustrated throughout with black & white photos & drawings
    self-publd 11x8½ hardcover [1982] out of print/used
    self-publd 11x8½ hardcover [1982] out of print/used
    Heisler Geared Locomotives Catalog book from Heisler Locomotive Works  "Heisler Geared Locomotives Catalog" [1920s] from Heisler Locomotive Works
    Periscope Film, LLC 48-page 10x8 pb [3/2010] out of print/used
    Periscope Film, LLC 10½x8¼ perfect-bound pb [9/2008] out of print/used
    Periscope Film, LLC 38-page pb [9/2008] out of print/used
    1923 facsimile pb [undated] out of print/used


    blue logo for Willamette Iron & Steel Works in Portland, Oregon         brass builder's plate from Willamette Iron & Steel Works in Portland, Oregon         3-truck Willamette-geared locomotive

    Willamette-geared  Locomotives
    Willamette locomotives entry at Wikipedia
    Willamette Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]
    When the original Shay patents expired, other companies began to build Shay-geared locomotives with altered details; Willamette Iron Works of Portland, Oregon
    shifted the three re-arranged pistons slightly forward, chose Walschaerts valve gear, and added superheaters. 33 Willamette engines were built; six survive;
    only one is operational (Rayonier Lumber #2 at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Mineral, Washington).

    1990 color cover for Willamette Locomotive book by Steve Hauff & Jim Gertz  1997 black cover for Willamette Locomotive book by Steve Hauff & Jim Gertz   "The Willamette Locomotive" [1977]
    by Steve Hauff & Jim Gertz

    Binford & Mort Publrs pb [10/90] out of print/used
    Oso Publng 11¼x8½ hardcover [8/97] out of print/used
    Binford & Mort Publrs hardcover [1977] out of print/used
    Rayonier #2, A Willamette Lives Again  "Rayonier No. 2: A Willamette Lives Again At Mt. Rainer Scenic" [indep 2013]
    When steam was giving way to diesels on Rayonier's lumber operations, employee Jim Gertz purchased engine #2, a Willamette-geared locomotive given road number 2, saving it from the scrappers; he stored it until 2008, when the shop crew at Mt. Rayonier Scenic Railroad began its restoration. This video includes historic photos and footage, plus color footage of the first runs of the restored machine; featuring Jim Gertz and M.R.S.R. general manager Brian Wise
    available from Train Video Depot of Berkeley, California
    hour-long indep color DVD [2013] for $20.95 + s/h


    Other  Brands  &  Designs


    The giant Baldwin Locomotive Co. built only five geared locomotives, 1913 to 1915, and then quit making them.
    http://www.amazon.com/Baldwin-Logging-Locomotives-Locomotive-Works/dp/1935700057/


    Bell Locomotive Works, Inc. of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania built lightweight {4 to 20 tons} petroleum-fired steam locomotives from 1908 to the 1920s.
    Bell Locomotives Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]


    The John F. Byers Machine Company [1873-1906] of Ravenna, Ohio built a handful of very small geared steam locomotives,
    mostly used by infrastructure contractors.


    In addition to many rod-type railroad locomotives, Davenport Locomotive Works [1901-56] of Iowa designed and built gear-rod hybrid locomotives of 5 to 30 tons;
    their output included five Duplex locomotives from 1912 to 1916 and at least 23 Fixed-Frame locomotives from 1919 to 1925; none are known to survive.
    Davenport Locomotives entry at Wikipedia
    Davenport Locomotives Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]


    Dewey Brothers, Inc. [1884-1996] of Goldsboro, North Carolina built chain-and-sprocket-geared 0-4-0T steam locomotives designed to replace a mule;
    their advertisements in Brick and Clay Record offered a 5-ton machine for $1200; they constructed 39 machines with 6x9-inch cylinders
    and five machines with 8x12-inch cylinders; none are known to survive.
    Dewey Locomotives Dept. at Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998]


    Other builders that produced a handful or less of basically home-designed geared locomotives included:
    Adams & Price of Nashville, Tennessee (circa 1899)
    George A. Bothwell of Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada (circa 1908)
    Grice & Long of Trenton, New Jersey (pre-1907)
    Miners' Foundry & Machine Co. of San Francisco, California (circa 1878)
    J.S. Munday Hoisting Engine Co. of Newark, New Jersey
    H.K. Porter Company, Inc. [est. 1866] of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    Tanner & Delaney Engine Co. of Richmond, Virginia (circa 1883-96)
    Vulcan Iron Works of San Francisco, California (circa 1869)
    Washington Iron Works of Seattle, Washington (circa 1910)


    Books  on  Geared  Locomotives  &  Railroads

    browse books on railroads at Amazon

    Railroads In the Woods book by John T. Labbe & Vernon Goe  "Railroads In the Woods" [1961]
    by John T. Labbe & Vernon Goe
    with 440 b&w photographs
    Oso Publng {green} 11½x8¾ hardcover [1995] out of print/used
    Pacific Pipeline 11x8½ {yellow} hardcover [3/70] out of print/used
    Howell-North Publng 12x8 {yellow} hardcover [1961] out of print/used
    Gilpin Gold Tram book by Mallory Hope Ferrell  "The Gilpin Gold Tram: Colorado's Unique Narrow-Gauge" [1970]
    by Mallory Hope Ferrell

    The Gilpin Tramway used five 2-foot narrow-gauge Shay locomotives purchased from 1887 to 1902.
    Heimburger House 11x8¾ hardcover [6/92] out of print/used
    Pruett Publng 9x6 hardcover [1970] out of print/many used

    Gilpin Railroad [1887-1917] entry at Wikipedia



    http://www.amazon.com/Model-Railroaders-Guide-Logging-Railroads/dp/0890247021/
    http://www.amazon.com/They-Felled-Redwoods-Flumes-Sierra/dp/B000Q6N1H2/
    http://www.amazon.com/Logging-Railroads-Humboldt-Mendocino-Counties/dp/0738596213/
    http://www.amazon.com/Lopsided-Three-Railroading-Northeast-Tennessee/dp/0557875900/
    http://www.amazon.com/Logging-Plumas-County-Images-America/dp/0738559296/
    http://www.amazon.com/Logging-Action-British-Columbia-California/dp/0887405932/
    http://www.amazon.com/Sumpter-Valley-Logging-Railroads-Images/dp/0738575429/
    http://www.amazon.com/TALL-PINES-WINDING-RIVERS-Railroads/dp/B0010SGVAY/

    "Pino Grande: Logging Railroads of The Michigan-California Lumber Company" [1984] by R. Stephen Polkinghorn
    http://www.amazon.com/Pino-Grande-Logging-railroads-Michigan-California/dp/0870460692


    Videos  &  Other  Media

                                              

    Logging Railroads of the Sierras on DVD  "Logging Railroads of The Sierras" [© 1991]
    20-minute color film of visits to the West Side Lumber Company in 1951 and to the Pickering Lumber Company in 1953, with many Shay-geared & Heisler-geared locomotives in view.
    available from Pentrex Railroad Entertainment
    20-minute color DVD [2014] sale price $9.95 + s/h


    Lumber  &  Railroad  Companies

                  

    Cass Scenic Railroad [built 1900; incorp. 1961] in West Virginia
    Cass Scenic Railroad State Park [est. 1960]
    High in the mountains of West Virginia; built & operated by West Virginia Pulp & Paper Company, 1901-1942; operated as Mower Lumber Company, 1942-1960; purchased by the State of West Virginia in 1960. The railroad owns eight Shay-geared locomotives, one Heisler-geared locomotive, and one Climax-geared locomotive. Three routes currently offered: the 2-hour 4-mile trip to Whittaker Station, the 11-mile 4½-hour trip to Bald Knob, and the 8-mile 4½-hour trip to Old Spruce Village.
    official website • entry at Wikipedia

    no cover graphic found, so here's a color photo of Cass Scenic Shay #5  "Cass Scenic Railroad (Great Railroads Series)" [1990]
    49-minute color video from a Cass Railfan Weekend, including
    multiple run-by shots and a nighttime jaunt to Whittaker

    Good Time Home Video DVD [1990] for $14.99
    Cass & Mower Logging Trains on VHS & DVD  "Cass & Mower Logging Trains" [1998 & 2012]
    Photography by Robert Flack; 15 minutes of 16mm Mower Lumber footage; also color footage from Cass Spectaculars circa 1996 showing Shays #2, #3, #4 & #5 and Heisler #6 on the run up Bald Knob, and Western Maryland Shay #6 on the Durbin Branch
    89-minute Green Frog Prodns color/b&w DVD [4/2012] for $19.95
    Madacy Records VHS [8/98] for $15.88
    Shay Logging Locomotives at Cass, West Virginia book by Philip V. Bagdon  "Shay Logging Locomotives At Cass, West Virginia, 1900-60"
    [2001] by Philip V. Bagdon

    T.L.C. Publng 11¼x8¾ hardcover [12/2001] out of print/used
    100 Years Against The Mountain; Shay No. 5 At Cass, West Virginia book by   "100 Years Against The Mountain: Shay No. 5 At Cass, WV" [2005]
    With Stories by Artie Barkley

    Greenhill Press 10½x8¼ pb [2005] out of print/used
    Cass Scenic Railroad video on DVD from Pentrex  "Cass Scenic Railroad" on DVD [2007]
    52-minute video from the Spring 1990 Cass Railfan Weekend, showing all four
    operative Shays, plus the Heisler hauling a freight train

    Pentrex color DVD [2007] for $28.77 via third-party vendor
    Gears in the Woods, Shays at Cass color video from Highball Prodns  "Gears In Ihe Woods, Shays At Cass Scenic Railroad" [undated]
    105-minute color footage of a Railfan Weekend, showing all four operative Shays
    Highball Prodns widescreen color Blu-ray [undated] for $29.95

    "Cass Scenic Railroad Geared Steam Locomotives" video [7/2013] - shows Shays #5, #6 & #11 at work
    watch the video online [11:11] at YouTube

                  

    Hetch Hetchy Railroad [1917–49]
    operated 2 Heislers, 2 shays & 3 rod locomotives
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hetch_Hetchy_Railroad
    http://www.amazon.com/Hetchy-Images-America-Beverly-Hennessey/dp/0738593222/

                  

    Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad [1980 to present]
    Operated as the Tacoma Eastern Railroad from 1887 to 1980, when it became a tourist/heritage railroad. Operates a 1928 Climax, a 1929 Willamette,
    a 1929 Pacific Coast Shay, a 1930 Heisler, 1922 2-8-2 #70, and 1929 2-8-2T #17, and two diesels on a regular basis; 1909 Porter 0-4-0T is loaned out;
    Baldwin 2-6-2 loco #45 was sold off; 1924 Porter 2-8-2, 1912 Pickering Heisler #10, and two ALCO diesels are in storage or being restored.
    official website • entry at Wikipedia

    Geared Double Header Climax & Heisler Steam Locomotives on DVD  "Geared Double Header: Climax & Heisler Steam Locomotives" [© 1992]
    48-minute film taken at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad of Climax #10's debut after restoration circa 1992; Heisler #91 double-headed as backup
    Greg Scholl Video Prodns color DVD [6/2009] out of prodn/used
    watch official preview [1:25] at YouTube
    Mt. Rainier Scenic Geared Locomotives on DVD  "Mt. Rainier Scenic's Geared Locomotives: Heisler, Shay & Climax" [© 1996]
    69-minute color film of springtime photo runs of West Fork Logging Co. 3-truck West Coast Heisler-geared locomotive #91; 1929 Pickering Lumber Company 3-truck Pacific Coast Shay-geared loco-motive #11; and Hillcrest Lumber Co. 3-truck Climax-geared locomotive #10 (taken before restoration of Rayonier Willamette #2); also includes clips of Minaret Mikado-type saddle-tank steam locomotive #17, the Alco S-1 switcher, and the Northern Pacific F9 diesel.
    available from Pentrex Railroad Entertainment • watch preview [1:58] at YouTube
    69-minute color DVD [2014] sale price $9.95 + s/h
    'The Rock Trains' video of Mt. Rainier Scenic geared locomotives at work hauling rock  
    "The Rock Trains" [1996 & 2007]
    84-minute 1996 color video of M.R.S.R. trains hauling rocks from a quarry to fix a washed-out bridge, putting 2-6-2 #45 and recently-restored Climax #10 to the test
    Golden Rail Video color DVD [2009] for $24.95 + s/h from third-party sellers via Amazon
    Golden Rail Video's preview of "The Rock Train" [2:55] on YouTube
    Rayonier #2, A Willamette Lives Again  "Rayonier No. 2: A Willamette Lives Again At Mt. Rainer Scenic" [indep 2013]
    When steam was giving way to diesels on Rayonier's lumber operations, employee Jim Gertz purchased engine #2, a Willamette-geared locomotive given road number 2, saving it from the scrappers; he stored it until 2008, when the shop crew at Mt. Rayonier Scenic Railroad began its restoration. This video includes historic photos and footage, plus color footage of the first runs of the restored machine; featuring Jim Gertz and M.R.S.R. general manager Brian Wise
    available from Train Video Depot of Berkeley, California
    hour-long indep color DVD [2013] for $20.95 + s/h

    http://www.amazon.com/Mount-Rainier-Scenics-Geared-Locomotives/dp/B00O0E944A/
    http://www.amazon.com/Mt-Rainier-Scenic-Railroad-VHS/dp/6302798795/ vhs
    http://www.amazon.com/Steam-Engineer-Rainier-Scenic-Railroad/dp/6302782120/ vhs
    http://www.amazon.com/Steam-Rainer-celebration-Northwest-railroading/dp/B0009K6X20/ vhs
    Rayonier - The Last Steam Logger - Greg Scholl Video Productions DVD
    http://www.amazon.com/Rayonier-Steam-Logger-Scholl-Productions/dp/B000PGH7YG/

    color video of M.R.S.R. trains pulled by as many as 5 locomotives [9:06] online at YouTube
    Rayonier Logging Steam Trains [25:04] color https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idByoo-prFU
    Rayonier #2 Willamette geared locomotive http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QnbiEGh0A08

                  

    Mt. Tamalpais and Muir Woods Railway [1896-1930]
    Standard-gauge passenger & freight line that operated 7 Shays, 3 Heislers, and an 0-4-0T locomotive over 8.2 miles of track (with a 2½-mile spur) that ascended
    to an elevation of 2,436 feet – the average grade was 5%, with several stretches at 7% grade; 1920 Heisler #9 survives on static display at Scotia, California.
    no official website • entry at Wikipedia
    DH's Mt. Tamalpais Railway fansite
    Friends of Mt. Tamalpais State Park [est. 1983] railroad pages

    Crookedest Railroad in the World book by Ted Wurm & Al Graves  "The Crookedest Railroad In The World: A History of The Mt. Tamalpais and Muir Woods Railroad In California" [1954] by Ted Wurm & Al Graves
    Trans-Anglo Books 11¼x8¾ pb [4/83] out of print/used
    Howell-North Books hardcover [1960] out of print/used
    Academy Literary Guild hardcover [1954] out of print/used
    Mount Tamalpais History book by Lincoln Fairley & James Heig  "Mount Tamalpais: A History" [1987]
    by Lincoln Fairley & James Heig

    Scottwall Associates 10¼x8¾ pb [6/87] out of print/used
    Scottwall Associates 10½x8¾ hardcover [6/87] out of print/used
    Mount Tamalpais Scenic Railway book from Images of America  "Mount Tamalpais Scenic Railway (Images of Rail)" [2009]
    by Fred Runner

    Arcadia Publng 9¼x6½ pb [1/2009] for $16.99
                  

    Polson / Rainier / Rayonier / Intl. Forest Products [1895-2013]
    Polson Brothers Logging Company began in 1895 in Hoquiam, Washington and was bought out by Rayonier in 1948.
    Rainier Pulp & Paper was founded in 1926; after work with DuPont to develop rayon fiber, the name was changed in 1937 to Rayonier; I.T.T bought Rayonier
    in 1968 and spun it off in a 1994 I.P.O.; Rayonier sold off its wood products division in March 2013 to Vancouver, BC-based Intl. Forest Products [est. 1963];
    Rayonier kept its 2.6 million acres of timberland as Rayonier REIT.
    official website • entry at Wikipedia

    Rayonier Lumber Company book by James Spencer  "Rayonier" [1982] by James Spencer
    Book concentrates on Rayonier’s logging-railroading operations, with
    numerous photos and a complete steam & diesel locomotive roster.
    Heimburger House Publng 11½x8¾ hardcover [1999] for $39.69
    Darwin Pubns hardcover [1982] out of print/used

                  

    Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad [built 1875; incorp. 1963] in California         Roaring Camp Railroads [est. 1963; expanded 1985] in California         Roaring Camp Railroads [est. 1963; expanded 1985] in California
    Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad [est. 1963]
    The narrow-gauge Santa Cruz & Felton Railroad was built in 1875 to carry tourists to the beach at Santa Cruz and into the protected forests around Felton, California. The right-of-way was saved by F. Norman Clark in 1963; he died in 1985 just as the route to the beach was being reopened; his widow and daughter have greatly expanded the operation.
    official website • RC&BT entry at Wikipedia • SCBT&P entry at Wikipedia

    The Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad 'Steam Train Thru The Redwoods' is 3-foot narrow-gauge and travels over a 3.25-mile route up Bear Mountain.
    The motive power includes 1912 2-truck Shay-geared steam locomotive #1 'Dixiana', 1899 2-truck Heisler-geared steam locomotive #2 'Tuolomne',
    1890 Baldwin narrow-gauge 0-4-2T steam locomotive #3 'Kahuku', 1928 2-truck Climax-geared steam locomotive #5 'Bloomsburg', and 1911 60-ton
    3-truck Shay-geared steam locomotive #7 'Sonora'.

    The standard-gauge Santa Cruz, Big Trees & Pacific Railway operates two former AT&SF CF7 diesel-electric locomotives - #2600 'Al Smith' and
    #2641 'Gene O'Lague' - over an 8-mile route from Felton to the Santa Cruz Boardwalk. The 1909 Santa Cruz Portland Cement Company 0-4-0T steam
    locomotive #2 was in operation in July 2014. Roaring Camp Railroads also owns a Whitcomb 45-ton diesel switcher (retired in 1996) and two other diesels.

                  

    Uintah Railway [1902-39] in Colorado & Utah
    Uintah Railway [1902-39]
    The 3-foot narrow-gauge Uintah Railway of Colorado and Utah was billed as 'The Crookedest Railroad in the West';
    its equipment roster included 3 rod-type steam locomotives, 2 articulated steam locomotives,
    and seven Shay-geared steam locomotives; the latter were built 1904 to 1920 and scrapped 1928 to 1945.

                  

    Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad [est. 1961]
    3-foot narrow-gauge tourist railroad; operates two Shays, plus 2 small diesels and two Ford Model A railcars
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yosemite_Mountain_Sugar_Pine_Railroad


    Geared  Locomotives  That  You  Can  Visit

    International Steam Pages / Preserved Geared Steam Locomotives in the USA (photos & links)
    search on keyword 'Lima' at Surviving Steam Locomotives database
    search on keyword 'Climax' at Surviving Steam Locomotives database
    search on keyword 'Heisler' at Surviving Steam Locomotives database

    1884 Michigan-California Lumber narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay #2 is partially-restored and on static display
    at Turtle Bay Exploration Park in Redding, California

    1887 Stimson Mill/Coos Bay 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #23 is being restored at Centralia, WA
    for Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon.

    1899 Hetch Hetchy, later West Side Lumber narrow-gauge 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #2 'Tuolumne'
    is in regular use at Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad in Felton, California

    1902 Wild Goose RR narrow-gauge 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #4 now privately owned in Chugiak, Alaska

    1903 Wild Goose RR narrow-gauge 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #3 now abandoned at Nome, Alaska

    1903 Pickering Lumber, later Sierra RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #12 is scheduled for future restoration
    at Niles Canyon Railway in California

    1905 G&ER RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #5 is in regular use
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1906 Leetonia Railway 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 is on display
    at Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA

    1907 Diamond & Caldor narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #4 is being restored
    at the County Fairgrounds in Placerville, California
    for operation on the El Dorado Western Railway in California

    1909 Stimson Lumber Co. 2-truck Shay-geared steam locomotive #1 'Peggy' is on static display
    at World Forestry Center (by the Zoo) in Portland, Oregon

    1909 Santa Barbara Tie & Pole narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 is now in Washington State
    being restored for possible operation on the Westside Lumber Company.

    1909 E. C. Shevlin/Broughton Lumber Heisler-geared locomotive #3 is on static display
    at Tillamook Air Museum in Tillamook, Oregon
    while apparently owned by Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon.

    1909 Fruit Growers Supply Co. 3-truck Climax-geared locomotive #3 is on static display
    at Los Angeles County Fairplex in Pomona, California

    1910 Curtiss Lumber, later Mt. Rainier Scenic 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #2 is in regular use
    at Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon.

    1910 Shawnigan Lake Lumber Co. 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #2 is partially-restored and on static display
    at B.C. Forest Discovery Center, Duncan, BC, Canada.

    1910 Moore-Keppel, later Middle Fork RR 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #3 'Rocket' is in regular use {video ad [0:41]}
    at Durbin & Greenbrier Valley Scenic Railroad in West Virginia
    watch "West Virginia Rails" video documentary [22:19] at YouTube

    1910 Pickering Lumber 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #3 is on static display
    at Mother Lode Fairgrounds in Sonora, California

    1910 Polson Logging Co. Shay-geared locomotive #3 is being restored at Tillamook
    for Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon.

    1911 Bloedel Stewart & Welch 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 is on static display since 1966
    at B.C. Forest Discovery Center, Duncan, BC, Canada.

    1911 WSL RR / B&P Rwy narrow-gauge 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #7 'Sonora' is in regular use
    at Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad in Felton, California

    1912 narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 'Dixiana' is in regular use
    at Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad in Felton, California

    1912 WMRL&Co. narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #6 is on static display
    at Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad in Felton, California

    1912 Pacific Lumber Co. 3-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #10 is on static display
    at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Washington State

    1913 Pickering Lumber Co. Heisler-geared locomotive #1 is scheduled for restoration at Chehalis, WA
    for Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon

    1913 W.H. Mason Company, later Edaville RR 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #4 is on display
    at Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA

    1913 Pacific Lumber/Pickering 3-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #5 is scheduled for future restoration
    at Niles Canyon Railway in California

    1913 West Side Lumber narrow-gauge 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #15 is in regular use
    at Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad [est. 1961] in California

    1915 W.H. Eccles Lumber Co., later Boise Cascade narrow-gauge Heisler-geared locomotive #3 was restored in 1976,
    is still in operation at Sumpter Valley Railway [est. 1971] in Oregon   watch 8/2011 video [10:00]

    1915 Ely Thomas/Hillcrest Lumber 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #9 is operational but not certified,
    thus on static display at B.C. Forest Discovery Center, Duncan, BC, Canada.

    1916 Bluestone Mining 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #1 was restored by and is in regular use
    at Roots of Motive Power [est. 1982] in Willits, California

    1916 Blake Brothers 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #6 is in regular use
    at Roots of Motive Power [est. 1982] in Willits, California

    1916 Westside Lumber Co., later Georgetown Loop RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #14,
    today operates on a regular basis at the Colorado Railroad Museum (2014).

    1916 Brimstone & New River RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #36 is scheduled for restoration
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1917 Craig Mtn. Lumber of Idaho 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #3 - operated at Kettle Moraine Railway
    in Wisconsin until 2001; supposedly at Rio Grande Scenic RR in Colorado (2014)

    1917 Shay-geared locomotive #5 is displayed during Railroad Days
    at White Mountain Central Railroad [est. 1955] in New Hampshire

    1918 Hetch Hetchy, later Pickering Lumber 3-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #2 is on static display at
    at Griffith Park Travel Town Museum in Los Angeles, California

    1918 Chicago Mill & Lumber 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #4 is on static display
    at Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA

    1918 Lamson Logging, later Arcata & Mad River RR 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #7 is in storage
    at Timber Heritage Assn. [est. 1977] in Humboldt County, California

    1918 W.T. Smith Lumber 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #10 is on static display
    at Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA

    1919 Moore-Kepple/Middle Fork RR 3-truck Climax-geared locomotive #9 is being restored (expected completion 2015)
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1920 Mayo/Hillcrest Lumber Company narrow-gauge 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 is pending restoration work
    at B.C. Forest Discovery Center, Duncan, BC, Canada.

    1920 Meadow River Lumber 2-truck Shay #1 was damaged in Vermont in 1982 and since used for parts
    at Steamtown National Historic Site [est. 1995] in Scranton, Pennsylvania

    1920 Holly Ridge Lumber 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #3 is privately-owned and on static display
    at Dr. Marvin Kendell Estate in Barnet, Vermont

    1920 ER&L RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #3 is on static display beside Cass Depot
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1920 Raine Lumber 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #7 is not operational (used for parts)
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1920 Mt. Tamalpais & Muir Woods Railway, later Siskiyou Lumber Co. 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #9
    now on display in Scotia, California

    1921 Beebe River Lumber Climax-geared locomotive #6 was restored in 1976, has been in regular use
    at White Mountain Central Railroad [est. 1955] in New Hampshire

    1921 Hetch Hetchy/Pickering Lumber 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #6 is on static display
    by the National Park Service at El Portal, California

    1922 Phenix Marble 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #1 is operational {maybe}
    at Passumpsic Railroad [est. 1990] {last update 2009} in Barnet, Vermont

    1922 CP & LT 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #2 is on static display
    at Griffith Park Travel Town Museum in Los Angeles, California

    1922 Feather River Rwy, later Sierra RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #2 is in regular use
    at Railtown 1897 State Historic Park in Jamestown, California

    1922 Birch Valley/Mower Lumber 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #4 is in regular use
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1922 Holmes-Eureka/Pacific Lumber 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #4 is operational but not in use since 1993
    at Roots of Motive Power [est. 1982] in Willits, California

    1922 Buffelen Lumber 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #5 is damaged and in storage in Centralia, Washington
    for Oregon Coast Scenic Railroad [est. 2003] in Garibaldi, Oregon

    1922 Westside Lumber Co., later Georgetown Loop RR 3-truck Shay-geared steam locomotive #8 may be operative;
    is on static display at the Caρon City, Colorado AT&SF Depot.

    1922 Hammond Lumber 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #33 is in storage
    at Timber Heritage Assn. [est. 1977] in Humboldt County, California

    1923 Anaconda Copper 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #5 is on static display
    at Grand Canyon Railway Hotel in Williams, Arizona

    1923 Hutchinson Lumber Company 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #11 is in regular use
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1924 Mayo Lumber Company, B.C. 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #3 was restored to operation in 1995
    at B.C. Forest Discovery Center, Duncan, BC, Canada

    1924 Kentucky Lumber, later Campbell Limestone 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #9 is on static display under a shed
    at Southeastern Railway Museum in Duluth, Georgia

    1925 Pickering Lumber 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #7 is privately-owned and on static display
    at Railtown 1897 State Historic Park in Jamestown, California

    1925 Graham County Railroad 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1925 operational but not in use since 2003
    at the North Carolina Transportation Museum in Spencer, NC

    1927 Westside Lumber Co., later Georgetown Loop 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #12,
    today operates on a regular basis at the Colorado Railroad Museum (2014)

    1927 Comox Logging & Railway 2-truck Shay-geared locomotive #12 is on static display
    at Kaatza Station Museum in Cowichan Lake, BC, Canada

    1927 Elk River Mill & Lumber 2-truck Heisler-geared locomotive c/n 1546; boiler scrapped & converted to diesel
    as Mutual Plywood Corp. #54 in 1950s; in possibly operational condition
    at Timber Heritage Assn. [est. 1977] in Humboldt County, California

    1928 Mayo Lumber Company, B.C., Canada 3-truck Pacific Coast Shay #2 in shops for overhaul (2014)
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1928 ERM&LC RR 4-foot gauge 2-truck Climax-geared locomotive #5 'Bloomburg' is being restored
    at Roaring Camp & Big Trees Railroad in Felton, California

    1928 Hillcrest Lumber Co. 3-truck Climax-geared locomotive #10 is in regular use
    at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Washington State

    1928 West Side Lumber narrow-gauge 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #10 is in regular use
    at Yosemite Mountain Sugar Pine Railroad [est. 1961] in California

    1928 West Fork Logging Co. 3-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #91 is in regular use
    at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Washington State

    1929 Rayonier 3-truck (last operational) Willamette-geared locomotive #2 is in regular use
    at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Washington State

    1929 Climax-geared locomotive #4 owned by White Mountain Central Railroad [est. 1955] is undergoing overhaul offsite

    1929 Bostonia Coal & Clay 3-truck Heisler-geared locomotive #6 is in regular use
    at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia

    1929 Pickering Lumber Company 3-truck Pacific Coast Shay-geared locomotive #11 is in regular use
    at Mt. Rainier Scenic Railroad in Washington State

    1931 Hutchinson Lumber 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive #1 is on (hidden) static display
    at Hewitt Park in Oroville, California

    1943 New Zealand-built A & G Price Heisler-geared locomotive #148 survives in full working order (its boiler ticket will expire in 2022)
    at Steam Scene [est. 1968] at McLean's Island, Christchurch, New Zealand

    1945 Western Maryland RR 3-truck Shay-geared locomotive 'Big 6' is the last Shay ever built and the largest still in existence;
    in daily use at Cass Scenic Railroad in West Virginia


    Image  Gallery

    perpetual video clip of the gearing mechanism of a Shay locomotive in operation at the Cass Scenic Railway {in a new window}

    cluster of geared locomotives fired up for a photo shoot day at Cass Scenic Railway          two geared locomotives speeding past during a photo shoot day at Cass Scenic Railway          photo of 1896 A.W. Stevens Lumber Company Heisler-geared steam locomotive #1          15-inch gauge Joshua Tree & Southern Railway Shay-geared steam locomotive #6 in 2013

    colorful Shay-geared locomotive #1 'Dixiana' in the woods at Roaring Camp & Big Trees heritage railroad in California         b&w photo of 1943 New Zealand-built Heisler-geared steam locomotive #1, showing its unusual side tanks          recent color photo of 1943 New Zealand-built Heisler-geared steam locomotive #1, painted for service at Steam Scene          ad for Climax patent Geared Locomotives


    L i n k s
    'geared steam locomotives' page at Wikipedia
    Geared Steam Locomotive Works website [est. 1998] based in Arkansas

    Timber Times Publishers • Logging & Lumbering • History & Modeling • based in Portland, Oregon


    here on the Geared Steam Locomotives Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

    top of page • short history • Shay-geared locomotives • Climax-geared locomotives • Heisler-geared locomotives • Willamette-geared locomotives •

    books • videos & other media • lumber & railroad companies • locomotives you can visit • image gallery • links

    Spirit of America Bookstore's American Railroads Pages

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