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Nobel  Prizes  for  Literature
[est. 1895]

color portrait of Alfred Nobel [1833-96], cropped             short history

laureates, 1901-1950
laureates, 1951-2000
laureates, 2001-today

Alfred Nobel [1833-96]

image gallery

links

            face of the Nobel Prize gold medal


"I can forgive Alfred Nobel for having invented dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
— George Bernard Shaw [1856-1950]


          short history
          t e x t
          h e r e

          Alfred Nobel stipulated that no distinction of race or color or nationality should determine who receives the awards. Unaware of this, this writer/webmaster exchanged emails with someone at the Nobel website about why they did not display the national flag for each laureate (to make it easier to extract American laureates, for example) and the response was that the organization is bound not to do such a thing. The intention of this page is to highlight winners of the United States, so the plan is to build the list, mark Americans with the U.S. flag on the left-hand side, and gradually add national flags for other laureates on the right-hand side.

Nobel Prize in Literature entry at Wikipedia
list of Nobel laureates in Literature at Wikipedia
Nobel Prize in Literature official homepage
official list of all Nobel Prizes in Literature

search for books on keywords 'nobel+prize+literature' {returns 400+ titles} at Amazon

Nobel Crimes anthology edited by Marie Smith  "Nobel Crimes: Stories of Mystery & Detection By Winners of The Nobel Prize in Literature" [1992] Edited by Marie Smith
17 short stories by Nobel laureates, including Heinrich Böll, Albert Camus, T.S. Eliot ("Macavity, The Mystery Cat"), William Faulkner ("Smoke"), Anatole France, Nadine Gordimer, Ernest Hemingway ("The Killers"), Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Mann, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Bertrand Russell, G.B. Shaw (the hilarious "The Miraculous Revenge"), and John Steinbeck
Carroll & Graf 8½x5½ pb [11/92] for $11.95
Nobel Prize Winners Quotes book by George Chityil  "Nobel Quotes: Inspirational and Perplexing Quotes of Nobel Prize Winners" [2012]
by George Chityil

Kindle Edition from Macadu, Ltd. [11/2012] for 99¢ {sic}
200 pages of quotations from Nobel laureates since 1901, including Kofi Annan, Samuel Beckett, Willy Brandt, Albert Camus, Albert Einstein, Milton Friedman, André Gide, Rudyard Kipling, Paul Krugman, Wangari Maathai, Gabriel García Márquez, Mother Teresa, Pablo Neruda, Barack Obama, Theodore Roosevelt, Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, and William Butler Yeats



Laureates,  1901-1950

1901 • Sully Prudhomme [1839-1907] of France (poetry, essay)   flag of France

1902 • Theodor Mommsen [1817-1903] of Germany for his "A History of Rome"   flag of Germany

1903 • Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson [1832-1910] of Norway (poetry, novel, drama)   flag of Norway

1904 • Frédéric Mistral [1830-1914] of France (poetry, philology)   flag of France
1904 • José Echegaray [1832-1916] of Spain (drama)   flag of Spain

1905 • Henryk Sienkiewicz [1846-1916] of Poland (novel)   flag of Poland

1906 • Giosuè Carducci [1835-1907] of Italy (poetry)   flag of Italy

1907 • Rudyard Kipling [1865-1936] of the United Kingdom   flag of the United Kingdom
(novel, short story, poetry)

1908 • Rudolf Christoph Eucken [1846-1926] of Germany (philosophy)   flag of Germany

1909 • Selma Lagerlöf [1858-1940] of Sweden (novel, short story)   flag of Sweden

1910 • Paul von Heyse [1830-1914] of Germany (poetry, drama, novel, short story)   flag of Germany


1911 • Maurice Maeterlinck [1862-1949] of Belgium (drama, poetry, essay)   flag of Belgium

1912 • Gerhart Hauptmann [1862-1946] of Germany (drama, novel)   flag of Germany

1913 • Rabindranath Tagore [1861-1941] of Calcutta, British India   flag of British India (until 1947)
(poetry, novel, drama, short story, music)

1914 • not awarded

1915 • Romain Rolland [1866-1944] of France (novel)   flag of France

1916 • Verner von Heidenstam [1859-1940] of Sweden (poetry, novel)   flag of Sweden

1917 • Karl Adolph Gjellerup [1857-1919] of Denmark (poetry)
1917 • Henrik Pontoppidan [1857-1943] of Denmark (novel)

1918 • not awarded

1919 • Carl Spitteler [1845-1924] of Switzerland for his epic poem "Olympian Spring"   flag of Switzerland

1920 • Knut Hamsun [1859-1952] of Norway for his novel "Growth of The Soil"   flag of Norway


1921 • Anatole France [1844-1924] of France (novel, poetry)   flag of France

1922 • Jacinto Benavente [1866-1954] of Spain (drama)   flag of Spain

1923 • William Butler Yeats [1865-1939] of Ireland (poetry)

1924 • Wladyslaw Reymont [1867-1925] of Poland(novel)   flag of Poland
for his great national epic novel "The Peasants"

1925 • George Bernard Shaw [1856-1950] of Ireland & London, U.K. (drama, literary criticism)

1926 • Grazia Deledda [1871-1936] of Italy (poetry, novel)   flag of Italy

1927 • Henri Bergson [1859-1941] of France (philosophy)   flag of France

1928 • Sigrid Undset [1882-1949] of Norway (novel)   flag of Norway

1929 • Thomas Mann [1875-1955] of Germany   flag of Germany
for his great novel "Buddenbrooks" (novel, short story, essay)

flag of the United States of America   1930 • Sinclair Lewis [1885-1951] of the United States (novel, short story, drama)


1931 • Erik Axel Karlfeldt [1864-1931] of Sweden (poetry)   flag of Sweden

1932 • John Galsworthy [1867-1933] of the United Kingdom   flag of the United Kingdom
for his novel "The Forsyte Saga"

1933 • Ivan Bunin [1870-1953] stateless (born in Russia, living in France)
(short story, poetry, novel)

1934 • Luigi Pirandello [1867-1936] of Italy (drama, novel, short story)   flag of Italy

1935 • not awarded

flag of the United States of America   1936 • Eugene O'Neill [1888-1953] of the United States (drama)

1937 • Roger Martin du Gard [1881-1958] of France - for his novel cycle "Les Thibault"   flag of France

flag of the United States of America   1938 • Pearl S. Buck [1892-1973] of the United States (novel, biography)

1939 • Frans Eemil Sillanpää [1888-1964] of Finland (novel)   flag of Finland

1940 • not awarded


1941 • not awarded

1942 • not awarded

1943 • not awarded

1944 • Johannes Vilhelm Jensen [1873-1950] of Denmark (poetry)

1945 • Gabriela Mistral [1889-1957] of Chile (lyric poetry)

1946 • Hermann Hesse [1877-1962] of Switzerland (novel, poetry)   flag of Switzerland

1947 • André Gide [1869-1951] of France (novel, essay)   flag of France

1948 • T.S. Eliot [1888-1965] of the United Kingdom (poetry)   flag of the United Kingdom

flag of the United States of America   1949 • William Faulkner [1897-1962] of the United States (novel, short story)
William Faulkner's Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, 1950 [audio 2:59] on YouTube

1950 • Bertrand Russell [1872-1970] of the United Kingdom (philosophy)   flag of the United Kingdom


Laureates,  1951-2000

1951 • Pär Lagerkvist [1891-1974] of Sweden (poetry, novel, short story, drama)   flag of Sweden

1952 • François Mauriac [1885-1970] of France (novel, short story)   flag of France

1953 • Winston Churchill [1874-1965] of the United Kingdom   flag of the United Kingdom
(history, essay, memoirs, oratory)

flag of the United States of America   1954 • Ernest Hemingway [1899-1961] of the United States
for "The Old Man and The Sea" (novel, short story, screenplay)

1955 • Halldór Laxness [1902-98] of Iceland (novel, short story, drama, poetry)   flag of Iceland

1956 • Juan Ramón Jiménez [1881-1958] of Spain (poetry)   flag of Spain

1957 • Albert Camus [1913-60] of France   flag of France
(novel, short story, drama, philosophy, essay)
http://www.amazon.com/Brave-Genius-Philosopher-Adventures-Resistance/dp/0307952339/

1958 • Boris Pasternak [1890-1960] of the Soviet Union (novel, poetry, translation)

1959 • Salvatore Quasimodo [1901-68] of Italy (lyrical poetry)   flag of Italy

1960 • Saint-John Perse [1887-1975] of France (poetry)   flag of France


1961 • Ivo Andric [1892-1975] of Yugoslavia (novel, short story)

flag of the United States of America   1962 • John Steinbeck [1902-68] of the United States (novel, short story, screenplay)

1963 • Giorgos Seferis [1900-71] of Greece (poetry)   flag of Greece

1964 • Jean-Paul Sartre [1905-80] of France   flag of France
(novel, philosophy, drama, literary criticism, screenplay)

1965 • Mikhail Sholokhov [1905-84] of the Soviet Union (novel)

1966 • Shmuel Yosef Agnon [1888-1970] of Israel (novel, short story)
1966 • Nelly Sachs [1891-1970] of Sweden (poetry, drama)   flag of Sweden

1967 • Miguel Ángel Asturias [1899-1974] of Guatemala (novel, poetry)

1968 • Yasunari Kawabata [1899-1972] of Japan (novel, short story)

1969 • Samuel Beckett [1906-89] of Ireland (novel, drama, poetry)

1970 • Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn [1918-2008] of the Soviet Union (novel)


1971 • Pablo Neruda [1904-73] of Chile (poetry)

1972 • Heinrich Böll [1917-85] of Germany (novel, short story)   flag of Germany

1973 • Patrick White [1912-90] of Australia (novel, short story, drama)   flag of Australia

1974 • Eyvind Johnson [1900-76] of Sweden (novel)   flag of Sweden
1974 • Harry Martinson [1904-78] of Sweden (poetry, novel, drama)   flag of Sweden

1975 • Eugenio Montale [1896-1981] of Italy (poetry)   flag of Italy

flag of the United States of America   1976 • Saul Bellow [1915-2005] of the United States (novel, short story)

1977 • Vicente Aleixandre [1898-1984] of Spain (poetry)   flag of Spain

flag of the United States of America   1978 • Isaac Bashevis Singer [1902-91] of the United States (novel, short story, memoirs)

1979 • Odysseas Elytis [1911-96] of Greece (poetry)   flag of Greece

1980 • Czeslaw Milosz [1911-2004] of Poland (poetry, essay)(novel)   flag of Poland


1981 • Elias Canetti [1905-94] of the United Kingdom (novel, drama, memoirs, essay)   flag of the United Kingdom

1982 • Gabriel García Márquez [1927-2014] of Colombia (novel, short story, screenplay)

1983 • William Golding [1911-93] of the United Kingdom (novel, poetry, drama)   flag of the United Kingdom

1984 • Jaroslav Seifert [1901-86] of Czechoslovakia (poetry)

1985 • Claude Simon [1913-2005] of France (novel)   flag of France

1986 • Wole Soyinka [b. 1934] of Nigeria (drama, novel, poetry)

flag of the United States of America   1987 • Joseph Brodsky [1940-96] of the United States (poetry)

1988 • Naguib Mahfouz [1911-2006] of Egypt (novel)

1989 • Camilo José Cela [1916-2002] of Spain (novel, short story)   flag of Spain

1990 • Octavio Paz [1914-98] of Mexico (poetry, essay)


1991 • Nadine Gordimer [1923-2014] of South Africa (novel, short story, essay)

1992 • Derek Walcott [b. 1930] of Saint Lucia, Caribbean (poetry)

flag of the United States of America   1993 • Toni Morrison [b. 1931] of the United States (novel)

1994 • Kenzaburo Oe [b. 1935] of Japan (novel, short story)

1995 • Seamus Heaney [1939-2013] of Ireland (poetry)

1996 • Wislawa Szymborska [1923-2012] of Poland (poetry)(novel)   flag of Poland

1997 • Dario Fo [b. 1926] of Italy (drama)   flag of Italy

1998 • José Saramago [1922-2010] of Portugal (novel, drama, poetry)

1999 • Günter Grass [1927-2015] of Germany (novel, drama, poetry)   flag of Germany

2000 • Gao Xingjian [b. 1940] of China (1940-1998) and France (since 1998)   flag of France
(novel, drama, literary criticism)


Laureates,  2001 to today

2001 • V. S. Naipaul [b. 1932] of the United Kingdom (novel, essay)   flag of the United Kingdom

2002 • Imre Kertész [b. 1929] of Hungary (novel)

2003 • J.M. Coetzee [b. 1940] of South Africa (novel, essay, translation)

2004 • Elfriede Jelinek [b. 1946] of Austria (novel, drama)

2005 • Harold Pinter [1930-2008] of the United Kingdom (drama)   flag of the United Kingdom

2006 • Orhan Pamuk [b. 1952] of Turkey (novel, screenplay, essay)   flag of Turkey

2007 • Doris Lessing [1919-2013] of the United Kingdom   flag of the United Kingdom
(novel, drama, poetry, short story, memoirs)

2008 • J.M.G. Le Clézio [b. 1940] of France/Mauritius   flag of France
(novel, short story, essay, translation)

2009 • Herta Müller [b. 1953] of Germany (novel, poetry)   flag of Germany

2010 • Mario Vargas Llosa [b. 1936] of Peru & Spain   flag of Peru  flag of Spain
(novel, short story, essay, drama)


2011 • Tomas Tranströmer [1931-2015] of Sweden (poetry, translation)   flag of Sweden

2012 • Mo Yan [b. 1955] of China (novel, short story)   flag of Red China, since 1949

2013 • Alice Munro [b. 1931] of Canada (short story)   flag of Canada

2014 • Patrick Modiano [b. 1945] of France   flag of France
(novel, short story, essay, translation)

2015 • Svetlana Alexievich [b. 1948] of Minsk, Belarus (journalism)   flag of Belarus
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svetlana_Alexievich

flag of the United States of America   2016 • music legend Bob Dylan [born Robert Allen Zimmerman in 1941]
official websiteentry at Wikipedia
browse the Bob Dylan Store at Amazon Music

10/2017  2017 • British novelist Kazuo Ishiguro [b. 1954]  flag of the United Kingdom
The Nobel Committee cited his achievement of revealing “the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world”.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazuo_Ishiguro


Alfred  Nobel [1833-96]
official bio at Nobel Prize websiteentry at Wikipedia

Spirit of America Bookstore's
Alfred Nobel [1833-96] Page



L i n k s
Nobel Prize in Literature official homepage
official list of all Nobel Prizes in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature entry at Wikipedia
list of Nobel laureates in Literature at Wikipedia

Spirit of America Bookstore's Nobel Peace Prize Page



here on the Nobel Prizes for Literature Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

top of page   M   short history   M   laureates, 1901-1950   M   laureates, 1951-2000   M   laureates, 2001-today   M

Alfred Nobel [1833-96]   M   image gallery   M   links

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