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Nobel  Peace  Prizes
[est. 1901]

color portrait of Alfred Nobel [1833-96], cropped             short history

laureates, 1901-1950
laureates, 1951-2000
laureates, 2001-today

Alfred Nobel [1833-96]

image gallery

links

            face of the Nobel Prize gold medal


"I can forgive Alfred Nobel for having invented dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."
— George Bernard Shaw [1856-1950]


          short history
          t e x t
          h e r e

          Alfred Nobel stipulated that no distinction of race or color or nationality should determine who receives the awards. Unaware of this, this writer/webmaster exchanged emails with someone at the Nobel website about why they did not display the national flag for each laureate (to make it easier to extract American laureates, for example) and the response was that the organization is bound not to do such a thing. The intention of this page is to highlight winners of the United States, so the plan is to build the list, mark Americans with the U.S. flag on the left-hand side, and gradually add national flags for other laureates on the right-hand side.

Nobel Prize in Literature entry at Wikipedia
list of Nobel laureates in Literature at Wikipedia
Nobel Prize in Literature official homepage
official list of all Nobel Prizes in Literature

search for books on keywords 'nobel+prize+literature' {returns over 400 titles} at Amazon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Prize_(novel)
The Prize is a novel written by Irving Wallace in 1962 concerning the annual prize-giving ceremony of the Nobel Prize.
A film based on the book and starring Paul Newman was made later in 1963.
http://www.amazon.com/Prize-Signet-Irving-Wallace/dp/0451137590/
http://www.amazon.com/Prize-Irving-Wallace/dp/0450040925/
http://www.amazon.com/prize-Irving-Wallace/dp/B0006AXTZW/

http://www.amazon.com/Nobel-Prize-History-Controversy-Prestige/dp/1611457246/

Nobel Crimes anthology edited by Marie Smith  "Nobel Crimes: Stories of Mystery & Detection By Winners of The Nobel Prize in Literature" [1992] Edited by Marie Smith
17 short stories by Nobel laureates, including Heinrich Böll, Albert Camus, T.S. Eliot ("Macavity, The Mystery Cat"), William Faulkner ("Smoke"), Anatole France, Nadine Gordimer, Ernest Hemingway ("The Killers"), Rudyard Kipling, Thomas Mann, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Bertrand Russell, G.B. Shaw (the hilarious "The Miraculous Revenge"), and John Steinbeck
Carroll & Graf 8½x5½ pb [11/92] for $11.95
Nobel Prize Winners Quotes book by George Chityil  "Nobel Quotes: Inspirational and Perplexing Quotes of Nobel Prize Winners" [2012] by George Chityil
Kindle Edition from Macadu, Ltd. [11/2012] for 99¢ {sic}
200 pages of quotations from Nobel laureates since 1901, including Kofi Annan, Samuel Beckett, Willy Brandt, Albert Camus, Albert Einstein, Milton Friedman, André Gide, Rudyard Kipling, Paul Krugman, Wangari Maathai, Gabriel García Márquez, Mother Teresa, Pablo Neruda, Barack Obama, Theodore Roosevelt, Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, and William Butler Yeats


Laureates,  1901-1950

1901 • Jean Henry Dunant [1828-1910]   and Frédéric Passy [1822-1912]  

1902 • Élie Ducommun [1833-1906]    and Charles Albert Gobat   

1903 • Sir William Randal Cremer [1828-1908]   

1904 •Institut de Droit International (Institute of International Law) [est. 1873]

1905 • Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita Kinsky von Suttner   
she was Alfred Nobel's secretary circa 1876 and a lifelong friend

  1906 • Theodore Roosevelt [1858-1919]

1907 • Ernesto Teodoro Moneta [1833-1918]   and Louis Renault [1843-1918]   

1908 • Klas Pontus Arnoldson [1844-1916]   and Fredrik Bajer [1837-1922]   

1909 • Auguste Marie François Beernaert [1829-1912]   
and Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque [1852-1924]
  

1910 • Bureau International Permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau) [est. 1891]


1911 • Tobias Michael Carel Asser [1838-1913]   and Alfred Hermann Fried [1864-1921]   

  1912 • Elihu Root [1845-1937]

1913 • Henri La Fontaine [1854-1943]   

1914 • not awarded

1915 • not awarded

1916 • not awarded

1917 • Comité International de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) [est. 1863]

1918 • not awarded

  1919 • Thomas Woodrow Wilson

1920 • Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois [1851-1925]   


1921 • Karl Hjalmar Branting [1860-1925]   and Christian Lous Lange [1869-1938]]   

1922 • Fridtjof Nansen [1861-1930]   

1923 • not awarded

1924 • not awarded

  1925 • Charles Gates Dawes [1865-1951] and Sir Austen Chamberlain [1863-1937]   

1926 • Aristide Briand [1862-1932]   and Gustav Stresemann [1878-1929]   

1927 • Ferdinand Buisson [1841-1932]   and Ludwig Quidde [1858-1941]   

1928 • not awarded

  1929 • Frank Billings Kellogg [1856-1937]

1930 • Lars Olof Jonathan 'Nathan' Söderblom [1866-1931]   


  1931 • Jane Addams [1860-1935] and Nicholas Murray Butler [1862-1947]

1932 • not awarded

1933 • Sir Norman Angell [1872-1967]   

1934 • Arthur Henderson [1863-1935]   

1935 • Carl von Ossietzky [1889-1938]   

1936 • Carlos Saavedra Lamas [1878-1959]   

1937 • Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cecil of Chelwood [1864-1958]   

1938 • Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)

1939 • not awarded

1940 • not awarded


1941 • not awarded

1942 • not awarded

1943 • not awarded

1944 • Comité International de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) [est. 1863]

  1945 • Cordell Hull [1871-1955]

  1946 • Emily Greene Balch [1867-1961] and John Raleigh Mott [1865-95]

1947 • Friends Service Council (The Quakers) [est. 1927]
and American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) [est. 1917]

1948 • not awarded

1949 • Lord John Boyd Orr, Baron of Brechin Mearn [1880-1971]   

  1950 • Ralph Bunche [1903-71]


Laureates,  1951-2000

1951 • Léon Jouhaux [1879-1954]]   

1952 • Albert Schweitzer [1875-1965]     

  1953 • Gen. George C. Marshall [1880-1959]

1954 • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) [est. 1950]

1955 • not awarded

1956 • not awarded

1957 • Lester Bowles Pearson [1897-1972]   

1958 • Georges 'Dominique' Pire [1910-69]   

1959 • Baron Philip J. Noel-Baker [1889-1982]   

1960 • Albert John 'Mvumbi' Lutuli [1898-1967]   


1961 • Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld [1905-61]   

  1962 • Dr. Linus Pauling [1901-94]
Pauling is the only person to win two non-shared Nobel Prizes; he and Marie Curie are the only people to win a Nobel Prize in two different fields

1963 • Comité International de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) [est. 1863] and
Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies) [est. 1919]

  1964 • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. [1929-68]

1965 • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) [est. 1946]

1966 • not awarded

1967 • not awarded

1968 • René Cassin [1887-1976]   

1969 • International Labour Organization (I.L.O.) [est. 1919]

  1970 • agronomist Norman E. Borlaug [1914-2009]


1971 • Willy Brandt [1913-92]   

1972 • not awarded

  1973 • Henry A. Kissinger [b. 1923] and Le Duc Tho [1911-90] of North VietNam   

1974 • Seán MacBride [1904-88]    and Eisaku Sato [1901-75]   

1975 • Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov

1976 • Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan

1977 • Amnesty International

1978 • Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin

1979 • Mother Teresa

1980 • Adolfo Pérez Esquivel


                                      
                                               

1981 • Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

1982 • Alva Myrdal [1902-86] and Alfonso García Robles

1983 • Lech Walesa

1984 • Desmond Mpilo Tutu

1985 • International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

  1986 • Romanian-American writer & activist Elie Wiesel [1928-2016]

1987 • Oscar Arias Sánchez
"for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"

1988 • United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

1989 • The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso)

1990 • Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev of Russia
"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"


1991 • Aung San Suu Kyi
"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"

1992 • Rigoberta Menchú Tum
"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"

1993 • Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk
"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"

1994 • Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres, and Yitzhak Rabin
"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"

1995 • Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"

1996 • Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta
"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor"

1997 • International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams
"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"

1998 • John Hume and David Trimble
"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"

1999 • Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)
"in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"

2000 • Kim Dae-jung
"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"


Laureates,  2001 to today

2001 • United Nations (U.N.) and Kofi Annan
"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"

  2002 • Jimmy Carter
"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights,
and to promote economic and social development"

2003 • Shirin Ebadi
"for her efforts for democracy and human rights; she has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"

2004 • Wangari Muta Maathai
"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy, and peace"

2005 • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei
"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure
that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"

2006 • Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank
"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"

  2007 • Al Gore, Jr. and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)   
"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations
for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"

2008 • Martti Ahtisaari
"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"

  2009 • Barack H. Obama
"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"

2010 • Liu Xiaobo
"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"


2011 • Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee, and Tawakkol Karman
"for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"

2012 • European Union (EU)
"for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe"

2013 • Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
"for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons"

2014 • Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai
"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"

2015 • National Dialogue Quartet
"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"

2016 • Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, President of Colombia
"for his resolute efforts to bring [his] country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end"

2017 • International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)
"for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for
its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons"


Alfred  Nobel [1833-96]
official bio at Nobel Prize websiteentry at Wikipedia

Spirit of America Bookstore's
Alfred Nobel [1833-96] Page



L i n k s
Nobel Prize in Literature official homepage
official list of all Nobel Prizes in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature entry at Wikipedia
list of Nobel laureates in Literature at Wikipedia

Spirit of America Bookstore's Nobel Prizes in Literature Page



here on the Nobel Peace Prizes Page at Spirit of America Bookstore

top of page   M   short history   M   laureates, 1901-1950   M   laureates, 1951-2000   M   laureates, 2001-today   M

Alfred Nobel [1833-96]   M   image gallery   M   links

˜                   ˜

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