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outlaw  Billy  the  Kid
[1859-1881]

newspaper wanted notice offering $500 reward for Billy the Kid                    The Legend

books (1882)year 2000

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                   recently-discovered tintype photo of Billy the Kid

         Michael Henry McCarty was born on 20 November 1859 in New York City to Ireland-born Catherine McCarty. Her sometimes-partner Edward McCarty was a fruit peddlar who was married and had another family. By age 14, Billy was a juvenile delinquent, and was 'bound' out West by the city – a common practice during the post-Civil War Era. Billy and his older brother Joe and their unmarried mother traveled via Wichita, Kansas and Denver, Colorado to Santa Fe, New Mexico where she married William Antrim (1873).
         The new family set out southward for Silver City, in Grant County. Still into mischief and petty theft, young Henry stole a tub of butter off a buckboard and was caught by the sheriff. Not wanting to jail the teenager, the sheriff spanked him in front of a crowd – an insult that Henry/Billy never forgot. Henry's mother died of tuberculosis in September 1874, and Henry made a meager living working at a hotel.
         On 23 September 1875, Henry and an older accomplice stole a large hamper of finished laundry from a Chinese (perhaps a prank), and Henry was again caught by the sheriff, who this time threw the young man into jail. Henry did not squeal on his accomplice, who managed to bust Henry out of the pokey. Henry fled to New York City, taking the name William Antrim.
         Soon after turning 16, Billy had a job and regular friends (boys and girls) in New York. One night Billy got into a fight with an 18-year-old who had been drinking; the brawl ended with the older gang member stabbed to death. Billy once more needed to flee town; Billy's birth father paid for his fare back to New Mexico.
         At around this time (1876), Billy broke into the jail in San Elizario, Texas to free his friend Melquiades Segura; Billy locked the two guards inside and threw away the key, then he and his pal fled across the river to Mexico. The event is celebrated in June as the Billy The Kid Festival.
         Billy passed thru Silver City on his way to the lawless settlement of Camp Grant in Arizona. Billy had few other skills, but he was talented at gambling, as well as with the ladies – Billy was often described as charming – which combination bred jealousy with other men of the camp. On 17 August 1877, Billy was called out by Frank 'Windy' Cahill, a 32-year-old Irish immigrant, in the dirt street in front of the blacksmith shop. Cahill called Billy a pimp, Billy called Cahill an S.O.B.; Cahill attacked Billy, and in the ensuing scuffle Billy drew a pistol from his belt and shot Cahill in the belly. Billy was put in jail but escaped and fled once more.
         Apaches captured Billy's horse, and he trudged many miles until he was taken in by the Jones family; Mrs. Jones nursed Billy back to health, and gave him a horse when he left. Billy continued on to Mesilla, a town just south of Las Cruces, New Mexico. He took on a new name, William Bonney, derived from his mother's family background. Now 18 years old, William H. 'Billy' Bonney soon met and charmed the head bandit of the area, John Kinney, and gained full membership in the gang; he rode with the gang for most of 1877. Billy heard of work to the north, and rode into Lincoln County.

         The promise of $500 made to Billy was not for his skills as a cowpuncher, but for his willingness to break the law. The town and county of Lincoln in central New Mexico were a-boil with tension, as the leaders of the town were battling the ranchers. John Tunstall, merchant and banker, was partner with Alexander McSween, a rancher; allied with them was wealthy cattle baron John Chisum. Billy hired on as a cattle guard for Tunstall, about whom Billy later said, "He was the only man that ever treated me like I was a free-born and white."
         The other faction – called 'The House' – was led by merchants James Dolan, Lawrence Murphy and John H. Riley. On 18 February 1878, three men ambushed and killed unarmed Tunstall out on the range, purportedly on the orders of Dolan. At Tunstall's funeral, Billy swore, "I'll get every son-of-a-bitch who helped kill John if it's the last thing I do." Billy joined The Regulators, a vigilante outfit supported by McSween. The Regulators hunted down and captured, then killed, two of the men who shot Tunstall. A few weeks later, suspicious of old buffalo hunter Buckshot Roberts, the Regulators tracked him down, and in the ensuing gunfight, both Roberts and the Regulators leader Dick Brewer died. Billy became the leader of the Regulators, and he is credited with masterminding the brazen daylight ambush and murder of Lincoln's Sheriff William Brady and his deputy George Hindman (both aligned with the House faction), on the streets of Lincoln on 1 April 1878.
         Billy and other Regulators were indicted for the killings, and went into hiding. On 15 July 1878, they were cornered at McSween's house in Lincoln; a five-day siege by 'The Enforcers' ended when they set the house on fire. Billy and the others fled; Billy killed an Enforcer named Bob Beckwith. McSween was shot leaving his home; Billy fled to Texas.
         In late 1878, retired Union general Lew Wallace became governor of New Mexico Territory. In the interest of peace, he announced an amnesty for all particpants in the Lincoln County Cattle War not then under indictment. By March of 1879, Billy had returned to Lincoln, and there met with Gov. Wallace to discuss terms. Billy agreed to testify in return for amnesty; he was paraded to jail for show. Even though Billy's lengthy June 1879 testimony helped to indict Dolan, the district attorney returned Billy to jail, in defiance of the governor's deal. Billy slipped his handcuffs and escaped.
         Billy hung around Fort Sumner, in east-central New Mexico, surviving on gambling and cattle rustling. In January 1880, Billy shot and killed one Joe Grant in a Fort Sumner saloon; some say Grant was sent to kill Billy. In November of 1880, Billy and his gang were surrounded by a posse at the ranchhouse of James Greathouse, a friend. Under a flag of truce, the posse sent James Carlyle into the house to negotiate a surrender of the gang, with Greathouse sent out as hostage for the posse. Late that night, a sudden gunshot outside alarmed Carlyle, and he jumped thru a window into the snow. The posse thought this was an escaping outlaw, and they shot and killed Carlyle. When the posse realized what they had done, they gave up and left, and Billy's gang slipped away.

         During this time, Billy developed a friendship with a local bartender and saloonkeeper and former buffalo hunter, tall Alabama-born Patrick Garrett. In November 1880, the ambitious Garrett was appointed Sheriff of Lincoln County. Gov. Wallace had recently placed a $500 bounty on the head of young Bonney, now generally known as 'Billy the Kid'. Garrett formed a posse and set out on Billy's trail. Billy escaped a midnight ambush in Fort Sumner on 19 December; gang member Tom O'Folliard was shot and killed by Garrett. Billy and his gang holed up in a stone building at remote Stinking Springs. While the outlaws slept, Garrett's posse surrounded the cabin. When cattle rustler Charlie Bowdre stepped outside at dawn to feed his horse, he was mistaken for Billy and shot dead by the posse. Garrett later shot the horse, blocking the only exit from the cabin. The posse began cooking breakfast, and Garrett and Billy exchanged banter and insults. The outlaws realized that they had no chance of escape and were getting hungry; they surrendered and joined in the meal.
         Billy was put in the Mesilla jail to await a trial set for April 1881. The now-famous 'Kid' gave many newspaper interviews; his letters to Gov. Wallace seeking clemency were ignored. The one-day trial resulted in Billy's conviction for the murder of Sheriff Brady (the single conviction against any participant, on either side, in the Lincoln County Cattle War). On 13 April, Judge Bristol sentenced Billy to hang one month hence. Billy was sent to the Lincoln Courthouse jail under guard of two of Garrett's deputies. On 28 April, Billy shot both deputies and escaped. Many details are uncertain, but Billy killed Deputy Bell with a pistol, then grabbed a ten-gauge shotgun and waited for Deputy Ollinger to return from across the street. Billy shot the second deputy, then cut the chain of his leg irons with an axe, and rode out of the terrified town at a leisurely pace.

         Billy's freedom lasted barely three months. On the night of 14 July 1881, Billy was staying with Celsa Gutierrez in a former Fort Sumner barracks building owned by Pete Maxwell. Garrett had heard that Billy was still in the area, and he and two deputies stopped to question Maxwell, a known friend of Billy. Near midnight, Billy entered Celsa's rooms and took off his hat, gunbelt and boots, then lay on the bed to read a newspaper. He asked Celsa to fix something to eat; she replied that she had little in the house, that Pete had a side of beef hanging on his porch, and if Billy'd cut a piece, she would cook it. Billy grabbed a small butcher knife and walked in stocking feet thru the dark over to Maxwell's porch-fronted adobe house. As Billy approached the porch, he saw two men leaning against the porch rails, assuming that they were Mexican workers. Billy stepped on the porch and asked in Spanish who the men were; when they did not answer, he realized that they were not Mexicans. He moved to the doorway of Maxwell's bedroom, asking Pete who the two men were. Garrett recognized Billy's voice, and fired two rounds from his revolver. The first bullet hit Billy in the side (he was turning away), and passed thru his heart; the second bullet struck two inches from the door jamb.
         Both Garrett and Maxwell panicked, not knowing that Billy died instantly; they ran out of the room, over Billy's body and into the street. It was some time before they, backed by a mob of curious townspeople, ventured to return to Maxwell's bedroom, where they found the lifeless body of William H. 'Billy the Kid' Bonney – dead at the age of 21 years. Billy was buried the next day in the Fort Sumner Cemetery. A year after Billy was killed, Sheriff Garrett auctioned Billy's saddle and revolver; the winning bid was $13.50. (Pinkerton detective Charlie Siringo quit at $12 because he thought the items were not worth more than that.)
         Pat Garrett milked his fame for all it was worth, publishing a book (see below) with the help of a ghost-writer, Ash Upton. Garrett's later years were spotty: he won and lost elections for sheriff in towns across New Mexico & Texas; he led a contingent of Texas Rangers; he was appointed customs inspector in El Paso; he attempted many other business ventures, including cattle ranching. By February 1908, he was deeply in debt. On February 28, Garrett rode to meet with one of his debtors, W.W. Cox, in Las Cruces, New Mexico, and was shot dead by two of Cox's men. The killer confessed, but was nonetheless acquitted – Garrett was shot in the back of the head; the killer claimed self-defense.

         The most famous outlaws of the Old West nowadays are probably Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Jesse James, and Billy the Kid. Historians work to prove and disprove purported facts, while the legends abound and cannot be quelled. Fiction and non-fiction books are written, television and feature films get made, and accuracy is often ignored.
         New Mexico author Rudolfo Anaya tells two stories of the legendary New Mexico lawman Elfego Baca [1865-1945]. One has Billy and Elfego as pals in their teens walking from Socorro, New Mexico to Albuquerque, a distance of seventy miles. The other has Elfego talking the deputy who has custody of Billy (escorting him on a train to the capitol in Santa Fe) into allowing Elfego to buy Billy and the deputy lunch at the Alvarado Hotel Harvey House restaurant in Albuquerque. Both could have happened, but you will notice that these two tales are not consistent with the biographical profile above.
         Other writers, as seen below, have written books about Billy's connections with other people, including possible romantic pairings. Billy's tombstone was stolen in 1950, and not recovered until 1976, so the gravesite is now secured by a cage of heavy steel bars. In 2003, three Texas sheriffs got the support of New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson in attempting to exhume the remains of both Billy and his mother, for the purpose of using DNA testing to disprove theories that Billy survived his killing and lived to be an old man – just as similar tales were constructed about Jesse James and Butch Cassidy. The people of Lincoln and Silver City successfully blocked the exhumations.

         Whatever the historical truth about Billy The Kid, the Legend of Billy The Kid is the essential American story: the lone individual, a man with a perhaps disreputable past, who takes on the self-righteous gangs of corrupt conspirators who forever seek to conquer honest folk by the use of political stealth, surface piety, blatant thievery, and overt force, including murder.

         The Albuquerque Museum put together an excellent exhibit on Billy the Kid – covering both the history and the later legend phenomenon – in 2007, and there were widespread celebrations of the sesquicentennial of Billy's birth in 2009. In Spring of 2010, term-limited New Mexico Governor Richardson sent out feelers to historians concerning his granting a pardon to Billy Bonney (to fulfill Gov. Wallace's failure); Richardson's decision was not to pardon the outlaw. In June 2011, billionaire fascist William 'Wild Bill' Koch bought the official tintype portrait of William Bonney for $2.3 million at auction in Denver, Colorado.

Billy the Kid third portrait with pal Dan Dedrick    The second acknowledged portrait of Billy the Kid (at top of page) was discovered at a rummage sale in Las Vegas, Nevada and is signed by Billy on the back. Then in August 2013, New Mexico historian Frank H. Parrish revealed that he has authenticated a third portrait of Billy the Kid (at left, cropped) posing with best pal Daniel Dedrick. (The owner's identity & location were kept secret, for security purposes; the intention of the revelation is to get potential buyers to contact Parrish. The owner was later identified as Joe Soebbing of Mesilla Valley, New Mexico.) What makes the authentication sound simple is that Dedrick's family were the original owners of the common (first) official portrait of Billy, standing with the rifle.

News stories in October 2015 revealed the existence of a tintype photograph from the Summer of 1878 depicting Billy the Kid and gang members and friends & family playing a leisurely game of croquet. The original tintype photograph was discovered at a Fresno, California memorabilia shop five years ago and purchased for two dollars; authenticators value this fourth image of Billy the Kid at $5 million. Detractors deny the authenticity of the photo, but the identity of Billy standing there in his striped sweater is obvious. A docu-mentary TV special about the owner's hunt for authentication, narrated by Kevin Costner, aired in October 2015.     detail photograph of Billy the Kid playing croquet  wide angle photograph of Billy the Kid and a dozen others playing croquet (image cleaned up some)

Billy the Kid entry at Wikipedia
New Mexico's official 'Billy the Kid Territory' website
Billy the Kid Historic Preservation Society


Books  About  Billy the Kid

book search on 'Billy the Kid' at Amazon

Authentic Life of Billy The Kid by Pat F. Garrett & Ash Upton  "An Authentic Life of Billy The Kid, The Noted Desparado of The Southwest" [New Mexican Printing & Publishing Co. 1882]
by Pat F. Garrett & Ash Upton

listed among the 100 Best Books In New Mexico [Jan 2011]
Kessinger Publng 9x7¼ pb [6/2004] for $15.56
Univ OK Press pb [1/2000] for $24.95
Univ OK Press 9½x6½ hardcover [10/89] for $28.45
Emerson Hough's 1907 Story of The Outlaw  "The Story of The Outlaw: A Study of The Western Desperado" [1907]
by Emerson Hough [1857-1923]

includes a chapter on the Lincoln County War (defining early version)
Cooper Square Press 8½x5½ pb [12/2001] for $18.95
Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [4/2005] for $28.08
Grosset & Dunlap hardcover [1907] out of print/used
History of Billy the Kid by Charles A. Siringo  "History of Billy The Kid" [1920]
by Charles A. Siringo

Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [7/2009] for $16.34
Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [7/2009] for $27.32
Univ NM Press pb [4/2000] out of print/used
The Saga of Billy the Kid novel by Walter Noble Burns  "The Saga of Billy The Kid" [HB 1926, pb 1946]
by Walter Noble Burns

Univ NM Press 8¼x5½ pb [10/99] for $12.32
Konecky hardcover [6/2001] out of print/used
Death of Billy The Kid by John William Poe  "The Death of Billy The Kid" [Houghton Mifflin 1933]
by John William Poe

Sunstone Press 9x6 pb [7/2006] for $12.89
The Real Billy The Kid by Miguel Antonio Otero  "The Real Billy The Kid: With New Light On The Lincoln County War" [1936] by Miguel Antonio Otero
Arte Publico Press 8½x5½ pb [8/98] for $12.95
Sunstone Press 1936 facsimile 9x6 hardcover [12/2006] for $16.47
A Bullet For Billy The Kid novel by Nelson C. Nye  "A Bullet For Billy The Kid" [1950 novel] by Nelson C. Nye
aka "Pistols For Hire"; "Quick-on-the-trigger gun-fighting in this true story
of the cattle country's bloodiest war"

Jove mass pb [1/88] out of print/used
Avon mass pb [1950] out of print/used
Billy the Kid novel by Edwin Corle  "Billy The Kid: A Novel" [1953] by Edwin Corle [1906-56]
"A full-bodied novel of a fabulous young outlaw who splashed the Southwest
with blood and violence"

Univ New Mexico Press mass pb [8/79] out of print/used
Bantam mass pb [1954] out of print/used
Bantam mass pb [1954] out of print/scarce
Duell, Sloan & Pearce hardcover [1953] out of print/used
History of the Lincoln County War by Maurice G. Fulton  "History of The Lincoln County War: A Classic Account of Billy the Kid"
[1968] by Maurice G. Fulton, edited by Robert N. Mullin

Univ AZ Press 9¼x6 3rd edition pb [9/97] for $13.57
Collected Works of Billy the Kid by Michael Ondaatje  "The Collected Works of Billy The Kid" [1970] by Michael Ondaatje
An odd mix of poetry and prose (real & made-up newspaper articles, diary entries, narrative) and photographs that build a description of the mythical persona of the outlaw Billy The Kid.
Vintage 8x5¼ pb [3/96] for $11.01
Viking hardcover [10/74] out of print/used
Jury of Six novel by Matt Braun  "Jury of Six" [1982 novel] by Matt Braun
After a friend is gunned down, series hero Luke Starbuck rides to New Mexico and confronts Billy The Kid, ambitious lawman Pat Garrett, and the shifting factions of the Lincoln County War.
St. Martin mass pb [7/2002] for $5.99
They Knew Billy the Kid edited by Robert F. Kadlec  "They Knew Billy The Kid: Interviews With Old Time New Mexicans"
[1986] Edited by Robert F. Kadlec
Ancient City Press 8½x5½ pb [11/86] for $14.94
High Noon in Lincoln County book by Robert M. Utley  "High Noon In Lincoln: Violence On The Western Frontier" [1987]
by Robert M. Utley

"the most detailed and most engagingly narrated history to date of the legendary two‑year facedown and shootout in Lincoln County, New Mexico Territory"
Kindle Edition from Univ New Mexico Press [1/2016] for $19.95 {sic}
Univ New Mexico Press 9x6 pb [2/90] for $19.95
Univ New Mexico Press 9x6¼ hardcover [1987] out of print/70+ used
Anything For Billy by Larry McMurtry  "Anything For Billy: A Novel" [1988] by Larry McMurtry
The legend of Billy Bone – McMurtry's fictional take on Billy The Kid – as told by a dime novelist and failed train robber from Philadelphia.
S&S 8x5¼ pb [11/2001] for $11.70
S&S 9x6 hardcover [1/88] out of print/used
Billy the Kid bio by Robert M. Utley  "Billy The Kid: A Short and Violent Life" [1989]
by Robert M. Utley

Univ NE Press 9x5¼ pb [8/91] for $10.33
Univ NE Press 9¼x5½ hardcover [9/89] out of print/used
Illustrated Billy The Kid by Bob Boze Bell  "The Illustrated Life & Times of Billy The Kid" [1992]
by Bob Boze Bell

Treasure Chest Books 10¾x8½ 2nd edition pb [7/96] for $29.95
Tri Star-Boze Publns 11x8¾ 2nd edition hardcover [7/96] for $39.95
author's booksite
Billy the Kid Life & Legend by Jon Tuska  "Billy The Kid: His Life and Legend" [1994] by Jon Tuska
Univ NM Press 9¼x6 pb [5/97] out of print/used
Greenwood Press 9½x6½ hardcover [5/94] for $93.95
"Billy The Kid: A Handbook" [1983] by Jon Tuska
Univ NE Press 9¼x6 pb [2/86] out of print/used
Demise of Billy the Kid by Preston Lewis  "The Demise of Billy the Kid: The Memoirs of H. H. Lomax" [1994]
by Preston Lewis

A fictional account of the Lincoln County War, from the viewpoint of H.H. Lomax, who is either an eye-witness or a really good liar (or both).
Random House/Domain mass pb [10/94] out of print/used
The West of Billy The Kid by Frederick W. Nolan  "The West of Billy The Kid" [1998]
by Frederick W. Nolan

Univ OK Press 10½x8¼ pb [9/99] for $18.87
Univ OK Press 11x8½ hardcover [10/98] out of print/used

Stone Garden Epic Life of Billy The Kid by Bill Brooks  "The Stone Garden: The Epic Life of Billy The Kid" [2001]
by Bill Brooks

Well-written revisionist fiction, based on a premise that Pat Garrett killed the wrong man and enlisted others in a cover-up, and Billy was glad to go into hiding with his lady-friend Manuella.
Forge 8½x5¾ hardcover [6/2001] for $25.94
Gunman's Rhapsody novel Robert B. Parker   "Gunman's Rhapsody: A Novel" [2001] by Robert B. Parker
Billy the Kid, Wyatt Earp, the O.K. Corral – this is most certainly a Western tale, but it is also a deeply-affecting love story.
Berkley pb [3/2002] for $7.99
Putnam 9x6 hardcover [6/2001] out of print/many used
Trial of Billy The Kid by Johnny D. Boggs  "Law of The Land: The Trial of Billy The Kid" [2004 novel]
by Johnny D. Boggs

Signet mass pb [1/2004] for $5.99
Reminiscences of John P. Meadows edited by John P. Wilson  "Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid As I Knew Them: Reminiscences of John P. Meadows" [2004] Edited by John P. Wilson
Meadows knew or worked for Bonney, Garrett, John Selman, Hugh Beckwith, Charlie Siringo & Pat Coghlan; he lived in the Lincoln, Alamogordo, and Roswell areas of New Mexico, and was mayor of Tularosa
Univ NM Press 8¾x5¼ hardcover [10/2004] for $17.12
Billy The Kid's Early Years novel by Ronald E. Goetz  "The Kid: A Novel About Billy The Kid's Early Years" [2004]
by Ronald E. Goetz

Marquette Books 8¾x5¾ pb [12/2004] for $22.95
"The Kid From Lincoln County: A Historical Novel" [2006]
by Ronald E. Goetz

Marquette Books 8x5¼ pb [10/2006] for $19.95
Billy The Kid young adult novel by Theodore Taylor  "Billy The Kid: A Novel" [YA 2005]
by Theodore Taylor

Harcourt mass pb [8/2006] for $6.95
Harcourt Children's Books 8¼x5½ hardcover [6/2005] for $13.26
Heart of a Legend novel by Amy Lignor  "The Heart of A Legend" [2005] by Amy Lignor
The real-life tale of Fort Sumner, New Mexico pioneer Paulita Maxwell,
'the love of Billy the Kid'.

Helm large print pb [9/2005] for $16.95
author's homepage
Billy The Kid / Endless Ride by Michael Wallis  "Billy The Kid: The Endless Ride" [2007]
by Michael Wallis

W.W. Norton 8x5½ pb [3/2008] for $9.28
W.W. Norton 9¼x6 hardcover [3/2007] for $17.13
Tantor Media UNABR audio CD [5/2007] for $26.59
Billy The Kid Reader edited by Frederick Nolan  "The Billy The Kid Reader" [2007]
Edited by Frederick Nolan

Univ OK Press 9¾x6½ hardcover [11/2007] for $18.30
Joy of The Birds novel by Gale Cooper  "Joy of The Birds: A Novel" [2008] by Gale Cooper
Extensively-researched version of the Billy the Kid tale, focusing on the Santa Fe Ring gang of politicians & lawyers & land barons who caused the Lincoln County War and decided that the last survivor, Billy Bonney, would make an excellent scapegoat, especially if he is dead. Meanwhile, Billy was romancing beautiful heiress Paulita Maxwell up in Fort Sumner.
AuthorHouse 9x6 pb [6/2008] for $25.99
AuthorHouse 9x6½ hardcover [6/2008] for $36.49
The Best Writings on the Infamous Outlaw Billy the Kid book by Harold Dellinger  
"Billy The Kid: The Best Writings On The Infamous Outlaw" [2008]
by Harold Dellinger

Two Dot/Globe Pequot Press 9x6 pb [9/2008] for $11.53
Lucky Billy novel by John Vernon  "Lucky Billy: A Novel About Billy The Kid" [2008]
by John Vernon

Kindle Edition from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt [11/2008] for $9.99
Houghton Mifflin pb [11/2008] out of print/used
Houghton Mifflin 8½x5½ hardcover [11/2008] for $8.18
A Bullet for Billy the Kid stories by Will Henry  "A Bullet For Billy the Kid" [2009]
by Will Henry
{five-time winner of the Spur Award)
includes the 1966 title story, plus two novellas: "Santa Fe Passage" (1952)
and "The Fourth Horseman" (1954)

Leisure Books mass pb [11/2009] for $6.99
To Hell on a Fast Horse book by Mark Lee Gardner  "To Hell On A Fast Horse: Billy the Kid, Pat Garrett, and The Epic Chase To Justice In The Old West" [2010]
by Mark Lee Gardner

Wm. Morrow 9x6¼ hardcover [2/2010] for $17.81
Towns of Lincoln County, New Mexico book from Images of America  "Towns of Lincoln County, New Mexico (Images of America)" [2010]
by John LeMay

Kindle Edition from Arcadia Publng [6/2010] for $9.99
Arcadia Publng 9¼x6½ pb [6/2010] for $19.57
Deep Trails memoir of Frank Clifford, edited by Frederick Nolan  "Deep Trails In The Old West: A Frontier Memoir" [2011]
by Frank Clifford, edited by Frederick Nolan

A memoir of the Old West written in 1940, manuscript lost for many years, then salvaged & edited by Nolan. Clifford rode into New Mexico Territory in 1880 to recover cattle stolen by Billy the Kid and his pals, and also rode with outlaw Clay Allison’s Colfax County vigilantes, crossed paths with detective Charlie Siringo, cowboyed on the Bell Ranch, fought with Apaches, and mined for gold in Hillsboro.
Univ Oklahoma Press 8½x5¾ hardcover [10/2011] for $29.95
Billy the Kid's Last Ride novel by John A. Aragon  
"Billy The Kid's Last Ride: A Novel" [2011]
by John A. Aragon

Kindle Edition from Sunstone Press [7/2014] for $9.99
Sunstone Press 9x6 pb [12/2011] for $21.05
In the Shadow of Billy the Kid book by Kathleen P. Chamberlain  
"In The Shadow of Billy The Kid: Susan McSween and The Lincoln County War" [2012] by Kathleen P. Chamberlain
Kindle Edition from Univ NM Press [12/2012] for $15.37
Univ NM Press 9x6 pb [2/2013] for $25.40
Pot Thief Who Studied Billy The Kid mystery novel by J. Michael Orenduff  "The Pot Thief Who Studied Billy The Kid" [#6 = 2013]
Hubie discovers a hand buried inside a cliff dwelling, then his truck - attached to his winch-rope escape route - is stolen, marooning him there; he escapes but his girlfriend convinces him to return . . .
Kindle Edition from Open Road Media [1/2014] for $7.99
Open Road Media 8x5¼ pb [1/2014] for $14.47
A.K.E. 9x6 pb [1/2013] out of print/used
Lincoln, New Mexico / Images of America book by Ray John de Aragon  "Lincoln, New Mexico (Images of America)" [2013]
by New Mexico historian Ray John de Aragón

Arcadia Publng 9¼x6½ pb [10/2013] for $14.41

"Warriors of Lincoln County" [6/1998)] by Philip J. Rasch (Author), Robert K. Dearment (Editor)
http://www.amazon.com/Warriors-Lincoln-County-Outlaw-Lawman-Research/dp/0935269266/

"Blackwater Draw: Three Lives, Billy The Kid and The Murders That Started The Lincoln County War" [12/2010]
http://www.amazon.com/Blackwater-Draw-Murders-Started-Lincoln/dp/0865347808/

"My Own Story: The Autobiography of Billy The Kid" [1/2015] 'as told to' Ralph Estes
http://www.amazon.com/My-Own-Story-Autobiography-Billy/dp/150300662X/

Tall Tales & Half Truths of Billy the Kid book by John LeMay  "Tall Tales & Half Truths of Billy The Kid" [2015]
by John LeMay, Foreword by Elvis E. Fleming

Kindle Edition from The History Press [6/2015] for $9.99
Arcadia History Press 9x6 pb [6/2015] for $17.99
True West Magazine Special Report on Billy The Kid (June 2015)  "True West Magazine Special Report: Billy the Kid" [June 2015]
articles/topics include: The Outlaw's Birthplace; How He Got The Gun; His Counterfeit Days; His Death Record; His Irish Fluency; Origin of His Alias; Peckinpah's Billy The Kid — and more!
single-issue magazine at Amazon third party for $7.99
single-issue magazine at True West website for $8.00
magazine website
Billy the Kid Meets His Ghost book by Ray John de Aragón  "Billy the Kid Meets His Ghost" [2015]
by New Mexico historian Ray John de Aragón

76-page Event Horizon Press 11x8½ pb [8/2015] for $19.95

Other  Media

"Billy The Kid" 1906 Broadway play
Written by Walter Woods & Joseph Santley; credits at IBDb

"The Last Escape of Billy the Kid"
America's Longest Running Folk Pageant [performed in August since 1940]
in the historic village of Lincoln, New Mexico
2003 article on SouthernNewMexico.com's website

"The Beard" 1965 stageplay by Michael McClure  "The Beard" off-off-Broadway play [1965]
Written by beat poet Micheal McClure
main characters outlaw Billy The Kid & actress Jean Harlow

Grove Press playscript mass pb [4/67] out of print/used
1966 movie of the play: directed by Andy Warhol
video/DVD not available; bare credits at IMDb
Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid soundtrack by Bob Dylan  "Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid" movie soundtrack [1973]
by Bob Dylan

Sony soundtrack CD [8/89] for $9.98
Billy The Kid AudioBiography  "Billy The Kid: AudioBiography" [1997]
Written by Wymon Windsor, narrated by Donnie Blanz

Readio Theatre audio CD [2/2005] for $12.95
Billy the Kid and Other Plays book by Rudolfo Anaya   "Billy The Kid and Other Plays" [2011] by Rudolfo Anaya
Afterword by Cecilia J. Aragon & by Robert Con Davis-Undiano

includes seven stageplays: "The Season of La Llorona", "Billy The Kid", "The Farolitos of Christmas", "Matachines", "Who Killed Don José?", "Ay, Compadre!", and "Angie"
Univ Oklahoma Press 9x6½ pb [12/2011] for $24.95

Aaron Copland's "Billy the Kid: Ballet Suite" [opened in Chicago Oct 1938]
'Billy the Kid' ballet [1942] entry at Internet Broadway Database
'Billy the Kid' ballet entry at Wikipedia

Billy the Kid & Rodeo ballet suites audio CD   "Billy the Kid" & "Rodeo: Four Dance Episodes"
Leonard Bernstein & the New York Philharmonic
Sony audio CD [10/90] for $9.98
Leonard Slatkin & the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra
Angel Records audio CD [10/90] out of prodn/used
Aaron Copland audio CD   "Billy the Kid", "Rodeo", "Appalachian Spring" & other Copland works
Philadelphia Orchestra, Boston Pops & Boston Symphony
R.C.A. audio CD [11/94] for $10.98

Movies & TV  About  Billy the Kid

Billy the Kid portrayals listed on Internet Movie Database

jump to NEW movies, coming soon

Billy the Kid on Film book by Johnny D. Boggs  "Billy The Kid On Film, 1911-2012" [YR] by Johnny D. Boggs
A comprehensive filmography composed of lengthy entries on about 75 films depicting legendary New Mexico outlaw Billy the Kid – from the lost "Billy the Kid" of 1911 to the blockbuster "Young Guns" [1988] to the direct-to-video "1313: Billy The Kid" [2012]
Kindle Edition from McFarland & Co. [10/2013] for $13.99
McFarland & Co. 10x7 pb [9/2013] for $37.95

Billy the Kid 20 Movie Pack on 4 disks  

"Billy The Kid 20 Movie Pack" [2009]
Mill Creek Ent. DVD [3/2009] 4 disks for $13.49
contains 3 Bob Steele features: "Billy The Kid In Texas" [1940]; "Billy The Kid's Gun Justice" [1940]; and "Billy The Kid's Range War" [1941]; and 9 Buster Crabbe features: "Billy The Kid Wanted" [1941]; "Billy The Kid Trapped"
[1942]; "The Mysterious Rider" aka "Panhandle Trail" [1942]; "Sheriff of Sage Valley" [1942]; "The Kid Rides Again"
[1943]; "Fugitive of The Plains" [1943]; "Western Cyclone" [1943]; "Cattle Stampede" [1943]; and "Blazing Frontier"
[1943]; and 8 features starring Buster Crabbe as 'Billy Carson': "His Brother's Ghost" [1945]; "Devil Riders" [1943]; "Frontier Outlaws" [1944]; "Oath of Vengence" [1944]; "Wild Horse Phantom" [1944]; "Gangter's Den" [1945]; "Shadows of Death" [1945]; and "Rustler's Hideout" [1945]

"Billy The Kid" [Vitagraph 1911 silent short]
Directed by Laurence Trimble; starring Tefft Johnson {as Billy}; credits from IMDb

"Billy The Kid"
aka "The Highwayman Rides" [M.G.M. Oct 1930]
Billy The Kid 1930 black movie poster by King Vidor  Billy The Kid 1930 blue movie poster by King Vidor  Based on the hit W.N. Burns novel (above); the first sound film about Billy; well-acted melodrama with a {no kidding} happy ending! Directed by King Vidor [1894-1982]; starring John Mack Brown {as Billy}, Wallace Beery, Kay Johnson, Warner Richmond & James A. Marcus
video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb
11"x17" blue poster from Amazon for $9.99

"Billy The Kid Returns" [Republic Sept 1938]
Billy The Kid Returns starring Roy Rogers   After Garrett kills Billy, a look-alike singing cowboy rides into town and conspires with Garrett to continue the homesteaders' fight against the big ranchers. Directed by Joseph Kane; starring Roy Rogers {as himself & Billy}, Smiley Burnette, Wade Boteler {as Garrett}, Mary Hart & Trigger
R.O.A.N. double feature DVD [11/99] for $12.99 with "Hands Across The Border" [1944]
Hollywood Select b&w VHS [2/94] out of prodn/used
R.O.A.N. Spanish-dubbed? b&w VHS [7/2001] for $9.45
full credits from IMDb
11"x17" poster from Amazon for $9.99

Billy The Kid movies starring Bob Steele [1940-41]
Bob Steele [1907-88] credits from IMDb
browse Bob Steele on DVD at Amazon
Bob Steele entry at Chuck's Old Corral

Bob Steele poster   "Billy The Kid Outlawed" [P.R.C. July 1940]
Remotely based on the Bonney legend.full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid In Texas" [P.R.C. Sept 1940]
Billy is appointed sheriff to tame the Lazy A galoots, who bring in a gunslinger that turns out to be Billy's brother.
United American Video b&w VHS [7/98] out of prodn/usedfull credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid's Gun Justice" [P.R.C. Dec 1940]
Billy rides into the middle of a land scam, where ranches are sold and water streams diverted, so that the ranches fail, and are then resold again and again.
United Home Video b&w VHS [11/97] for $9.49full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid's Range War" [P.R.C. Jan 1941]
Billy sees wanted posters accusing him of deeds he never committed, so he rides in to clear his name.full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid's Fighting Pals" [P.R.C. April 1941]
Billy, Jeff & Fuzzy ride into a new town, where Fuzzy is made town marshall; then they find out that the Hardy Gnng has killed the town's previous lawmen.
United Home Video b&w VHS [11/97] out of prodn/usedfull credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid In Santa Fe" [P.R.C. July 1941]
Billy is framed for murder on the paid-for testimony of a cowboy; Billy escapes to Santa Fe, where that cowboy is soon also framed for murder.full credits from IMDb

Billy The Kid movies starring Buster Crabbe [1941-43]
Buster Crabbe [1907-83] credits from IMDb
Buster Crabbe entry at Chuck's Old Corral

Billy The Kid Rides Again movie starring Buster Crabbe  

Mysterious Rider / Panhandle Trail starring Buster Crabbe  

Cattle Stampede movie starring Buster Crabbe  

Billy The Kid Trapped movie poster starring Buster Crabbe  

"Billy The Kid Wanted" [P.R.C. Oct 1941]
Fuzzy sends for Billy & Jeff to help fight a land swindle; when a gang of outlaws show up, Billy devises a plan to have the two gangs shoot it out.full credits from IMDb
watch full movie [9/2012 upload 1:00:09] online at YouTube
"Billy The Kid's Round-up" [P.R.C. Dec 1941]
Billy rides into a town to find a sheriff friend murdered and the newspaper wrecked by henchmen; Fuzzy signs up to run for sheriff and the good guys hurry to restore the printing press before election day.full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid Trapped" [P.R.C. Feb 1942]
After false accusations put Billy, Jeff & Fuzzy in jail, someone mysteriously breaks them out. The reason becomes clear when Fuzzy has a shootout with an imposter dressed just like himself.full credits from IMDb
11"x17" poster {left & below} from Amazon for $9.99
"Billy The Kid's Smoking Guns" [P.R.C. May 1942]
Doc Hagen and his gang are running small ranchers off their land.full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid in Law and Order" [P.R.C. Aug 1942]
The Crawford gang schemes to take over the fortune of a rich widow; they kill her Army officer nephew, who looks just like Billy, so Billy takes on the man's identity.full credits from IMDb
"Sheriff of Sage Valley" [P.R.C. Sept 1942]
Billy becomes sheriff; the leader of the local gang resembles Billy, so he ties Billy up and takes his clothes, planning to run the town from behind a badge.full credits from IMDb
United Home Video b&w VHS [11/97] out of prodn/used
"The Mysterious Rider" [P.R.C. 1942] aka "Panhandle Trail"
The Sykes gang has run everyone off from a mining town while they hunt for the gold mine of a man that they killed.full credits from IMDb
United Home Video b&w VHS [11/97] out of prodn/used
"The Kid Rides Again" [P.R.C. Jan 1943]
Outlaws want a mortgage held by the bank in Sundown, so they rob the bank and then orchestrate a run on the bank.full credits from IMDb
Alpha Video b&w DVD [12/2004] for $7.98
"Billy The Kid in Fugitive of The Plains" [P.R.C. April 1943]
Someone has been impersonating Billy around Red Rock, and he soon learns that the gang leader is a woman.full credits from IMDb
"Western Cyclone" [P.R.C. May 1943] aka "Frontier Fighters"
Bag guy Randall frames Billy for murder, part of his plan to impeach the Governor & take over the state.full credits from IMDb
"Cattle Stampede" [P.R.C. Aug 1943]
The Dawson ranch foreman is secretly working for rustlers during a range war; the gang stampedes the cattle herd and then kidnaps Dawson's comely daughter.full credits from IMDb
Alpha Video b&w DVD [11/2004] for $7.98
"The Renegade" [P.R.C. Aug 1943]
The mayor schemes to close down the bank so that he can scoop up the nearby ranches, where only he knows that there are oil deposits.full credits from IMDb
"Billy The Kid in Blazing Frontier" [P.R.C. Sept 1943]
Two railroad officials are defrauding the settlers of Red Rock Valley without the railroad's knowledge.full credits from IMDb

"Billy The Kid" [M.G.M. May 1941]
Billy The Kid 1941 movie directed by David Miller, starring Robert Taylor  Embittered cowhand Billy fights back when his cattleman boss is murdered.
Directed by David Miller; loosely based on the W.N. Burns novel (above); starring Robert Taylor {as Billy}, Gene Lockhart, Ian Hunter, Brian Donlevy & Mary Howard; Oscar nomination for Best Color Cinematography
Warner/M.G.M. color VHS [4/94] out of print/used
full credits from IMDb

"The Outlaw: The Story of Billy The Kid"
[United Artists Feb 1943]
classic publicity photo of Jane Russell for "The Outlaw" [1943]  Gunfighter 'Doc' Holliday arrives in Lincoln, New Mexico, looking for his stolen horse. Sheriff Pat Garrett finds it in the possession of cowboy outlaw Billy the Kid. Doc and Billy become friends, the sheriff wounds Billy, and Doc asks his girlfriend Rio to hide Billy. Romance ensues, Billy assumes possession of both the girl and the horse, and the final showdown is expect-edly tragic (and non-historical). Produced & co-directed by Howard Hughes, co-directed by Howard Hawks; cinematography by Gregg Toland; music by Victor Young; starring Jack Buetel {as Billy}, Jane Russell, Thomas Mitchell {as Garrett}, Walter Huston {as Doc}, Ben Johnson & Mimi Aguglia • full credits from IMDb
Platinum Disc b&w DVD [6/99] for $6.99
R.O.A.N. b&w DVD [10/99] for $12.99
Madacy Ent. b&w VHS [9/97] out of prodn/used
Starcuts b&w VHS [4/2002] out of prodn/used
watch [1:55:38] free online at Internet Archive

"Return of The Bad Men" [R.K.O. July 1948]
detail from Return of The Bad Men [1948] lobby card starring Randolph Scott  In the excitement of the Oklahoma Land Rush, a town beleaguered by bandit gangs hires a marshal to stop them; the (unhistoric) collection of bad men includes Billy The Kid, Sundance, the Youngers, the Daltons & Wild Bill Doolin's gang. Directed by Ray Enright; starring Randolph Scott, Robert Ryan, Anne Jeffreys, George 'Gabby' Hayes, Jacqueline White, Steve Brodie, Tom Keene, Robert Bray, Lex Barker, Walter Reed, Michael Harvey, Dean White {as Billy}, Robert Armstrong, Tom Tyler, Lew Harvey & Jason Robards Sr.
Turner b&w VHS [9/90] out of prodn/used
full credits from IMDb

"Son of Billy The Kid" [Sept 1949]
Billy survived the shooting by Garrett, and 20 years later is a banker! When outlaws attack his bank, he is helped by a whip-wielding man named Garrett. Co-produced & co-written by Ron Ormond & Ira Webb; directed by Ray Taylor; starring Lash La Rue, William Perrott {as Billy}, Al St. John & Bob Duncan
video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"The Kid From Texas" [Universal June 1950]
The Kid From Texas movie poster directed by Kurt Neumann, starring Audie Murphy  Plot is close to the historical tale. • Directed by Kurt Neumann; starring Audie Murphy {as Billy}, Gale Storm, Albert Dekker, Shepperd Strudwick, Will Geer, William Talman, Robert Barrat, Frank Wilcox {as Garrett} & Ray Teal
video/DVD not available • full credits from IMDb
11"x17" poster from Amazon for $9.99

"I Shot Billy The Kid" [Lippert Pictures July 1950]
I Shot Billy The Kid movie starring Don 'Red' Barry  I Shot Billy The Kid movie starring Don 'Red' Barry  Low-budget 'B-movie' version of the myth, with lots of action. Directed by William A. Berke; starring Don 'Red' Barry {as Billy}, Robert Lowery {as Garrett}, Wally Vernon, Tom Neal, John Merton & Wendy Lee • full credits from IMDb
V.C.I. Vault Classics b&w DVD [1/2012] for $15.99
V.C.I. b&w double DVD [5/2006] 2 disks out of prodn/used with "The Dalton Gang" [1949]

"Captive of Billy The Kid" [Republic Jan 1952]
Five people have a piece of the map to Billy the Kid's treasure, and one of them is murdered.
Directed by Fred C. Brannon; starring Allan 'Rocky' Lane & Black Jack, Penny Edwards, Grant Withers, Roy Barcroft, Clem Bevans & Clayton Moore
Timeless Multimedia b&w VHS [1/99] for $14.99full credits from IMDb

"Omnibus: Billy The Kid" [CBS-TV aired 8 Nov 1953]
30-minute b&w segment; hosted by Alistair Cooke; featuring John Kriza {as Billy}, Scott Douglas {as Pat Garrett}, Ruth Ann
Koesun & Eugene Loring
• DVD/Blu-ray not available • episode credits at IMDbseries credits at IMDb

"Billy The Kid" episode of "Stories of The Century" TV series [syndicated Jan 1954]
'Billy The Kid' 1954 episode of 'Stories of The Century' TV series - Richard Jaeckel (reversed)  Railroad detectives Matt and Frankie track 1,000 head of stolen cattle to Mesilla in New Mexico Territory, where gunfighter Billy the Kid is openly spending money. Directed by William Witney; written by Maurice Tombragel; starring Jim Davis, Mary Castle, Richard Jaeckel {as Billy} & Richard Travis {as Pat Garrett}
Alpha Home Ent. b&w DVD [8/2007] 39 episodes on 3 disks for $15.67
St Clair Ent. Group b&w DVD [7/2005] 36 {sic!} episodes on 3 disks - out of prodn/used
episode credits at IMDbwatch show [26:33] online at Internet Archive

"The Law vs. Billy The Kid" [Columbia Aug 1954]
Rancher Tunstall hires & befriends Billy, who soon is competing with the foreman over Tunstall's niece.
Directed by William Castle; script by [blacklistee] Bernard Gordon, based on a play by Janet & Philip Stevenson; starring Scott Brady {as Billy}, Betta St. John, James Griffith {as Garrett}, Alan Hale Jr., Paul Cavanagh, William 'Bill' Phillips, Steve Darrell, George Berkeley, William Tannen & Richard H. Cutting; Spanish title "El Ultimo Renegado" • video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"Last of The Desperados"
[Associated Film Releasing Nov 1955]
After Sheriff Pat Garrett kills Billy The Kid, Billy's gang seeks revenge; after two killings, Garrett resigns & leaves town, but his deputy tracks him down and they ride back to confront the thugs. Directed by Sam Newfield; starring James Craig, Jim Davis, Barton MacLane, Margia Dean, Donna Martell, Myrna Dell & Bob Steele
video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"The Parson and The Outlaw" [Columbia Sept 1957]
Billy and Pat Garrett fake Billy's death, so that he can retire to his homestead, but he lands in the middle of a range war; when the town's newspaperman is murdered, Billy and the local parson step in to lead the fight for the small ranchers. Co-written & directed by Oliver Drake; co-produced by & starring Charles 'Buddy' Rogers; also starring Anthony Dexter {as Billy}, Sonny Tufts, Marie Windsor, Jean Parker, Robert Lowery, Madalyn Trahey, Bob Steele, Joe Sodja & Bob Duncan {as Garrett} • video/DVD not available • full credits from IMDb

"The Left Handed Gun" [Warner Bros. May 1958]
Left Handed Gun movie directed by Arthur Penn, starring Paul Newman  James Dean was cast as the rebellious teenage outlaw, but died in a car crash; young cowhand Billy vows revenge when his peaceful rancher boss is murdered, escalating the Lincoln County War. Directed by Arthur Penn; script by Leslie Stevens, from the play by Gore Vidal [1925-2012]; starring Paul Newman {as Billy}, John Dehner {as Garrett}, Denver Pyle, James Congdon, James Best, Hurd Hatfield & Lita Milan
Warner b&w VHS [1/94] out of prodn/many used
full credits from IMDb
DVD available only as part of Paul Newman Boxed Set [2006]
Warner DVD box set [11/2006] 7 disks for $29.99

"The Tall Men" [Revue/N.B.C. b&w TV series; 75 episodes 1960-62]
Starring Barry Sullivan {as Pat Garrett} & Clu Gulager {as Billy}; full credits from IMDb

"One-Eyed Jacks" [Paramount March 1961]
though often listed as a Billy The Kid film, the script changed
into a tale of betrayal and revenge between two unapologetic Western-era crooks

"A Bullet For Billy The Kid" [Mexico Nov 1963]
Directed by Rafael Baledón; starring Gaston Sands; video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"Fuera de la Ley {Outside The Law}"
aka "Billy le Kid" [Spain July 1967]
Directed by León Klimovsky of Argentina; video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"El Hombre que mató a Billy el Niño"
aka "The Man Who Killed Billy The Kid" [Spain May 1964]
Billy el Niño movie poster co-written & directed by Julio Buchs  
A grim & cynical version of the legend. Co-written & directed by Julio Buchs;
starring Peter Lee Lawrence {as Billy}, Fausto Tozzi (as Garrett}, Dyanik
Zurakowska & Gloria Milland
video/DVD not available; full credits from IMDb

"Billy the Kid vs. Dracula" [Embassy Pictures April 1966]
Billy the Kid vs. Dracula color movie  Reviewers complain about the DVD transfer quality, but the only other option is the VHS product; 73-minute low-budget vampire Western in Pathé Color. Vampire Count Dracula, traveling on a stagecoach heading West, meets the brother of a beautiful ranch owner and decides to make her daughter his next mate/victim. But the girl is engaged to the cowboy & outlaw gunfighter Billy Bonney. Directed by William Beaudine; starring John Carradine, Chuck Courtney, Melinda Plowman, Virginia Christine & Marjorie Bennett
Cheezy Flicks Ent. color DVD [10/2005] for $7.95
Premier Electronic color VHS [4/96] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia

"Chisum" [Batjac/Warner Bros. June 1970]
Chisum movie directed by Andrew V. McLaglen, starring John Wayne  Lincoln County cattlemen Chisum and Tunstall fight off corrupt businessman Murphy with the help of gunfighter Billy Bonney. Directed by Andrew V. McLaglen, script by Andrew J. Fenady; starring John Wayne, Forrest Tucker, Christopher George, Ben Johnson, Glenn Corbett {as Pat Garrett}, Andrew Prine, Bruce Cabot, Patric Knowles, Richard Jaeckel, Lynda Day George, Geoffrey Deuel (as Billy}, Pedro Gonzalez Gonzalez, Pedro Armendáriz Jr. & Christopher Mitchum; filmed in Durango, Mexico and at Eaves Movie Ranch in New Mexico
Warner color DVD [5/2007] for $9.69
Warner color DVD [6/2003] out of prodn/used
Warner color VHS [5/98] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDb

"Dirty Little Billy" [Columbia Nov 1972]
Dirty Little Billy movie poster directed by Stan Dragoti, starring Michael J. Pollard   The flip side of the legend: This Billy is a dysfunctional New York City teenager lost among the cowboy toughs of the wild & dangerous & barely-civilized Western territories.
Co-written & directed by Stan Dragoti; starring Michael J. Pollard {as Billy}, Richard Evans, Lee Purcell, Charles Aidman, Dran Hamilton, Willard Sage, Gary Busey & Severn Darden
video/DVDs not available; full credits from IMDb

"Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid" [M.G.M. May 1973]
Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid movie directed by Sam Peckinpah, starring James Coburn & Kris Kristofferson  The new sheriff is ordered to capture a former pardner, who is now the outlaw Billy the Kid. Directed by Sam Peckinpah; screenplay by Rudy Wurlitzer; starring James Coburn, Kris Kristofferson {as Billy}, Richard Jaeckel, Katy Jurado, Chill Wills, Barry Sullivan, Jason Robards, Bob Dylan, R.G. Armstrong, Rita Coolidge, Jack Elam, Paul Fix, L.Q. Jones, Slim Pickens & Harry Dean Stanton
Warner widescreen restored 237-min. version color DVD [1/2006] 2 disks for $14.99
Warner color VHS [10/89] out of prodn/used
Sony soundtrack CD [7/73] for $9.98
full credits from IMDb
Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid screenplay by Rudy Wurlitzer  
screenplay by Rudy Wurlitzer [1973]
Signet mass pb [1973] out of print/used

"Wild West Show: Billy The Kid" [BBC TV series 1975]
credits from IMDb

"Young Guns" [Morgan Creek/Fox Aug 1988]
Young Guns movie poster directed by Christopher Cain, starring Emilio Estevez  Six cowboys, led by Billy The Kid, avenge the murder of their fatherly rancher employer, and are then outlawed. Filming at El Rancho de las Golondrinas south of Santa Fe, NM; co-produced & directed by Christopher Cain; co-produced & written by John Fusco; starring Emilio Estevez {as Billy}, Kiefer Sutherland, Lou Diamond Phillips, Charlie Sheen, Dermot Mulroney, Casey Siemaszko, Terence Stamp, Jack Palance & Patrick Wayne (as Garrett}
Lionsgate widescreen color Special Edition DVD [4/2003] for $10.49
Vestron Video widescreen color DVD [10/2001] out of prodn/many used
Lionsgate/Live Home Video widescreen color VHS [3/98] out of prodn/used
Vestron Video color VHS [10/99] out of prodn/many, many used
full credits from IMDb

sequel "Young Guns II" [Morgan Creek/Fox July 1990]
Young Guns II movie poster directed by Geoff Murphy, starring Emilio Estevez  A cattle baron hires Pat Garrett and others to chase down outlaw Billy The Kid, who has fled with his gang for the Mexico border. Directed by Geoff Murphy; co-produced & written by John Fusco; starring Emilio Estevez {as Billy}, Kiefer Sutherland, Lou Diamond Phillips, Christian Slater, William Petersen, Alan Ruck, R.D. Call, James Coburn, Balthazar Getty, Jack Kehoe, Robert Knepper & Viggo Mortensen
Warner widescreen color DVD [6/2004] for $9.98
Warner color VHS [6/99] out of prodn/used
Fox color VHS [9/95] out of prodn/many used
Island/Mercury soundtrack CD [6/94] for $7.97
full credits from IMDb

"Gore Vidal's Billy The Kid" TV movie [May 1989]
Gore Vidal's Billy the Kid 1989 tv movie starring Val Kilmer  Lavish production that concentrates more on the relationships than on action.
Directed by William A. Graham, script by Gore Vidal [1925-2012]; starring Val Kilmer {as Billy), Duncan Regehr {as Garrett}, Rene Auberjonois, Wilford Brimley, Julie Carmen & Tom Everett
DVD/Blu-ray not available • Warner color VHS [3/93] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
watch full movie [11/2013 upload; 1:33:28] online at YouTube

"The Legend of Billy The Kid" [Disney documentary 1994]
Written & directed by Todd Robinson; won Emmy for script; credits from IMDb

"Billy The Kid: The Real Story" video [Mirage/Artisan 2003]
half-hour color documentary including interviews with historians
VHS/DVD/Blu-ray not available • credits at IMDb
watch video [38:24, with last 7½ minutes redundant upload; end credits 30:10-30:55] on YouTube

"Billy The Kid's New Mexico" [indep docufilm 2004]
not listed at IMDb; official movie site

"Investigating History: Billy The Kid"
[A&E TV documentary 2004]
History Channel / Billy the Kid  
History Channel color DVD [4/2007] for $21.99
series credits at IMDb

"Requiem For Billy The Kid" [France 2006]
Requiem For Billy the Kid directed by Anne Feinsilber, narrated by Kris Kristofferson  English-language investigation into the life & legend of Billy the Kid, and the mythology of
The Old West.
Co-written & directed by Anne Feinsilber; narrated by Kris Kristofferson
Kino Video widescreen color DVD [7/2007] for $26.99
full credits from IMDb

"The Guns of Billy The Kid" [indep 2007]
Guns of Billy The Kid docufilm directed by Tim Evans & Susan Lutz  Describes & compares the various known weapons used by
Billy the Kid and modern replicas.

Directed by Tim Evans & Susan Lutz; hosted by Peter Sherayko
Varmint Media color DVD [3/2007] for $29.95
no listing at IMDb • official movie site

"American Experience: Billy The Kid" [WGBH-TV Jan 2011]
American Experience Billy The Kid 2011 TV program  60-minute TV program co-produced, written & directed by John Maggio;
narrated by Michael Murphy
P.B.S. Direct color DVD [2/2012] for $16.79
full credits at IMDbP.B.S. official program site
watch complete program online [53:07] at YouTube

'Billy The Kid Mystery' TV news segment from WYFF TV-4 in Spartanburg, SC [Nov 2011]
Justin Shaw of South Carolina found tintype on eBay that forensics software confirms is Billy the Kid
watch news story online [7:00] at YouTube

"1313: Billy the Kid" direct-to-video mess [June 2012]
described as full of anachronisms and shirtless males (in 1881?!), and with an incomprehensible story; included here to warn everybody off;
'director' David DeCoteau & 'writer' Moses Rutegar and the actors should be very ashamed • info at IMDb

"Billy The Kid" video release [LionsGate Aug 2013]
Billy The Kid 2013 video release  Bad? Nominated by Amazon reviewer as 'the new Plan 9 From Outer Space'; plot supposedly entails a bounty hunter coaching William Bonney in revenge after cowboys shoot Bonney's mother, but Billy appears in only 5 minutes or so. Co-produced & directed by Christopher Forbes; written by Graye Bumgardner; starring country music star Cody McCarver {as bounty hunter Leon Copper}, Christopher Bowman {as Billy the Kid} • full credits at IMDb
LionsGate widescreen color DVD [8/2013] for $13.06
sequel "Billy The Kid: Showdown In Lincoln County" [Jan 2015]
wandering the festival circuits, not yet released (2016)
Co-produced & directed by Christopher Forbes; written by Graye Bumgardner; starring country music star Cody McCarver {as bounty hunter Leon Copper}, Christopher Bowman {as Billy the Kid}
DVD/Blu-ray not yet available • full credits at IMDb

"Billy The Kid: New Evidence" [National Geographic Channel Oct 2015]
'Billy The Kid: New Evidence' 2015 TV documentary narrated by Kevin Costner  A collector of Western memorabilia in California discovered what he saw as a tintype photograph of Billy the Kid playing croquet at a memorabilia shop and bought it for two dollars; documentary tells of his struggle for authentication; his original 1878 tintype is insured for $5 million. Narrated by Kevin Costner, featuring owner randy Guijarro; with actors Jor-el Vaasborg {as Billy the Kid}, Stephen Manley, Petrie Willink, Brianna Joy Chomer, Miles Cooper, John Freeman, Christopher Durbin, Gerard Griesbaum, Clark Moore {as Pat Garrett}, K. Harrison Sweeney, Jonathan Looper, Tyler Haines, Monica Giraldo, Kieren Bates, Whitney Nielsen, Ric Maddox, Hagen Mills, Gaven VanOver, Tom Walsh
National Geographic Video color DVD [1/2016] for $13.21
full credits at IMDbofficial movie sitewatch 10/2015 official promo [0:30] online at Vimeo
watch full movie [1:28:05] online via Google

Friends & Family & Others
Michael Henry McCarty was born in New York City in 1859; the family moved to New Mexico in 1873; he became an outlaw
known as Billy Bonney and was shot to death at age 21 by Sheriff Pat Garret in July 1881.

Henry/Billy's mother Catherine Devine died of tuberculosis in September 1874
father Patrick McCarty of New York City
stepfather William Henry Harrison Antrim [] of Silver City, New Mexico
brother Joseph 'Joe' McCarty [1863-??]

lawman Dick Brewer [-1878]
best pal Daniel Charles Dedrick [1848-1938]
pal/Regulator 'Big Jim' French
girlfriend Celsa Gutierrez
bandit leader John Kinney [1847-1919]
girlfriend/heiress Paulita Maxwell [1864-1929]
lawyer Alexander McSween [1843-78]
pal/Regulator Tom O'Folliard [1858-80]
Antonia Scurlock
pal/Regulator Josiah 'Doc' Scurlock
mentor merchant/banker/rancher John Tunstall [1853-78]
Deputy U.S. Marshal Rob Widenmann

alleged victims of homicide at the hands of Billy the Kid
  • 1877 August 17: McCarty shot blacksmith and bully Francis 'Windy' Cahill during a fistfight at Camp Grant, Arizona Territory
  • 1878 March 9: Frank Baker - captured by the Regulators and killed 'while trying to escape'
  • 1878 March 9: William Morton - captured by the Regulators and killed 'while trying to escape'
  • 1878 April 4: buffalo hunter Buckshot Roberts - during a shootout at Blazer's Mill
  • 1878 April 4: Sheriff William Brady - during a shootout at Blazer's Mill
  • 1878 April 4: a sheriff's deputy - during a shootout at Blazer's Mill
  • 1878 July 19: Robert W. Beckwith - shot and killed by Bonney after Beckwith killed Alexander McSween
  • 1878 August 5: Mescalero Indian Agency bookkeeper Morris Bernstein was shot by Atanacio Martinez; Bonney and three others were blamed
  • 1879 February 18: attorney Huston Chapman was shot and his corpse set on fire {according to eye-witnesses, Bonney and O'Folliard were innocent bystanders forced at gunpoint by killer Jesse Evans to witness the murder}
  • 1880 January 10: bounty hunter Joe Grant - shot by Billy at Hargrove's Saloon in Fort Sumner
  • 1880 November 29: deputy sheriff James Carlyle - killed (possibly by friendly fire) while escaping hostage situation at Jim Greathouse's ranch
  • 1881 April 28: deputy James Bell - pistol-shot by Billy while escaping Lincoln County Jail
  •   1881 April 28: deputy Bob Olinger - shotgunned by Billy while escaping Lincoln County Jail
    SUMMARY: five killed by Billy, five shot by Regulators, the others not true



  • Sheriff Pat Garrett [1850-1908]
    Pat Garrett entry at Wikipedia

    Pat Garrett book by Richard O'Connor  "Pat Garrett: A Biography of The Famous Marshal and
    Killer of Billy The Kid" [1960] by Richard O'Connor

    Ace Giant mass pb [1960] out of print/used
    Ace Giant mass pb [1960] out of print/used
    Doubleday & Co. hardcover [1960] out of print/used
    Tall Tales & Half Truths of Pat Garrett book by John LeMay  "Tall Tales & Half Truths of Pat Garrett" [2016]
    by John LeMay

    Kindle Edition from The History Press [5/2016] for $9.99
    Arcadia History Press 9x6 pb [5/2016] for $19.19


    Catholic nun Sister Blandina Segale [1850-1941] of Santa Fe, New Mexico
    Sister Blandina entry at Wikipedia

    1999 cover for 'At the End of The Santa Fe Trail' diary/memoir book by Sister Blandina Segale  "At The End of The Santa Fe Trail" [1932] by Sister Blandina Segale
    Her diary/memoir was first published by Columbian Press in 1932; reprinted by Bruce Publishing of Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1948; the 1999 edition includes a Foreword by Marc Simmons and an Afterword by Anne M. Butler
    Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [9/2010] for $22.05
    Univ New Mexico Press 8x5½ pb [9/99] out of print/used
    Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [9/2010] for $33.08
    Sister, Billy The Kid, and Me pamphlet by James P. Mesker  "Sister, Billy The Kid, and Me: Sister Blandina Segale and Old West Discipline In The 1950s" [2011] by James P. Mesker
    Elderly Catholic nun Sister Mary Blandine of Ohio cowed her students with tales of her personal dealings with outlaw Billy the Kid – tales apparently cribbed from Sister Blandina Segale, who died in Ohio in 1941.
    Burd Street Press 54-page 8¾x5¾ pb [8/2011] out of print/used

    L i n k s
    Billy the Kid entry at Wikipedia
    New Mexico's official 'Billy the Kid Territory' website
    Billy the Kid Museum in Ft. Sumner {DeBaca County}, New Mexico
    Billy the Kid National Scenic Byway in Lincoln County, New Mexico
    Billy The Kid Byway Interpretive Center in Ruidoso Downs, New Mexico
    Billy the Kid Pageant [August] in Lincoln, New Mexico
    historic Dowlin's Old Mill {Billy The Kid hideout} in Ruidoso, New Mexico
    Billy the Kid Gift Shop in Old Mesilla, New Mexico
    William Bonney Gallery in Old Mesilla, New Mexico

    Lincoln State Monument & Museum: Lincoln County Wars exhibit
    Lincoln County War [1878-81] entry at Wikipedia
    Lincoln County, New Mexico travel links
    Old Lincoln [NM] Historic District
    Lincoln County War page at Legends of America

    Billy the Kid Historic Preservation Society
    'Dreamscape Desperado: Billy The Kid & The Outlaw In America'
    at The Albuquerque [NM] Museum [May-July 2007]
    Tru-TV Crime Library entry for outlaw Billy the Kid
    MB's 'About Billy the Kid' fansite
    LS's Billy the Kid fansite
    Billy The Kid section of Southeastern New Mexico website
    Billy the Kid Outlaw Gang, Inc.
    NM's Billy the Kid fansite
    Billy The Kid Festival [June 2016 = #7] celebrates his visit to San Elizario, Texas in 1876


    here on the outlaw Billy The Kid Page at 'Readers of The Purple Sage' Western Bookstore

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