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George Orwell
{real name Eric Arthur Blair}
[1903-50]

              flag of Great Britain

British author George Orwell [1903-50] portrait from B.B.C. Radio          short profile

primary works

other works

works about George Orwell

movies, plays, other media

family & friends

links


“If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear.”

“In a time of universal deceit, telling the truth is a revolutionary act.”

“The great enemy of clear language is insincerity.”

— George Orwell

“[Orwell is] a writer who can – and must – be rediscovered with every age.” — Irish Times, circa 1976


          B I O
          t e x t
          h e r e

Eric Arthur Blair was born in India in 1903. He was educated at Eton, served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, and then returned to England. He worked as a private tutor, schoolteacher, bookshop assistant and journalist; he took on the pen name 'George Orwell in 1933. In 1936, he went to fight for the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War and was wounded; he was admitted into a sanatorium in 1938 and from then on was never fully fit. Blair/Orwell died of tuberculosis in London in 1950.

George Orwell entry at Wikipedia
George Orwell credits [since 1953] at Internet Movie Database

George Orwell Quotations Page at Working Minds Philosophy website



Primary Works
Orwell Bibliography entry at Wikipedia
browse George Orwell Store at Amazon

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"Down and Out In Paris and London" (9 January 1933, Victor Gollancz Ltd)

"Burmese Days" (October 1934, Harper & Brothers)

"A Clergyman's Daughter" (11 March 1935, Victor Gollancz Ltd)

"Keep The Aspidistra Flying" (20 April 1936, Victor Gollancz Ltd)

"The Road To Wigan Pier" (February 1937, Left Book Club edition;
8 March 1937 Victor Gollancz Ltd edition for the general public)

"Homage To Catalonia" (25 April 1938, Secker and Warburg)

"Coming Up For Air (12 June 1939, Victor Gollancz Ltd)

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RED CHECK: listed on Time Magazine's All-TIME 100 Novels (10/2005)  GREEN CHECK: listed #14 on Goodread Readers Picks '100 Books To Read In A Lifetime'  GOLD STAR: listed on Business Insider's The 35 Books Everyone Should Read At Least Once In Their Lifetime, 9/2013   "Animal Farm" novel
[Secker & Warburg, London; 17 August 1945]
George Orwell's famed barnyard fable about revolution betrayed.
book entry at Wikipedia

"Animal Farm: What Orwell Really Meant" [Dec 1946 letter] by George Orwell
reprinted as an essay in The New York Review of Books for July 2013

Animal Farm book by George Orwell   Kindle Edition from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt [7/2009] for $7.92
Signet Classics mass pb [4/96] for $8.99
Plume 8x5½ pb [5/2003] for $11.39
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 8¼x5&frav12 hardcover [11/90] for $12.39
Blackstone UNABR audio [4/2001] out of prodn/used
Penguin UNABR audio [6/96] out of prodn/used
animated 1954 Animal Farm movie  "Animal Farm" animated feature [U.K. 1954]
Britain's first feature-length cartoon; co-written & co-directed
by Joy Batchelor & John Halas
Home Vision color DVD [11/2004] for $22.46
Home Vision color VHS [11/2004] for $19.95
United American Video color VHS [8/97] out of stock/used
full credits from IMDb
animated 1999 Animal Farm movie  "Animal Farm" animated TV movie [Hallmark/TNT 1999]
Directed by John Stephenson
Hallmark color DVD [1/2000] for $$17.98
Hallmark color VHS [9/2000] for $9.98
full credits from IMDb

more details (synopsis, history, author, movies, other media) are on
Spirit of America Bookstore's "Animal Farm" [1945 novel] Page

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listed #22 on 'The 100 Books of the Century'  poll conducted by France's Le Monde newspaper in 1999  BLUE CHECK: listed #21 on U.K. Telegraph Best 100  Novels (8/2014)  RED CHECK: listed on Time Magazine's All-TIME 100 Novels (10/2005)  GREEN CHECK: listed #4 on Goodread Readers Picks '100 Books To Read In A Lifetime'  BLACK CHECK: listed on Amazon's '100 Books To Read In A Lifetime'  GOLD STAR: listed on Business Insider's The 35 Books Everyone Should Read At Least Once In Their Lifetime, 9/2013   "Nineteen Eighty-Four / 1 9 8 4: A Novel"
[Secker & Warburg, London; 8 June 1949]
Winston Smith endures a squalid existence as a clerk in a bureaucracy of the totalitarian superstate of Oceania,
where everyone is under the constant surveillance of the Thought Police.

book entry at Wikipedia
Listed #6 on Modern Library's 1998 Reader Poll for the best novels published in the English language since 1900.

"You can't really write a '1984' for our times, because '1984' is still the '1984' of our times."
— Lev Grossman, TIME Magazine critic, October 2013

Nineteen Eighty-Four 1949 novel by George Orwell [1903-50]   Kindle Edition from Houghton Mifflin Harcourt [9/2013] for $5.68
Signet/NAL mass pb [1961] for $5.98
Plume Centennial Edition 7¾x5¼ pb [5/2003] for $13.04
Plume 8x5¼ pb [4/83] for $9.04
Everyman's Library 8x5 hardcover [11/92] for $11.86

more details (synopsis, history, author, movies, other media) are on
Spirit of America Bookstore's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" 1949 Novel & Movies Page

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Complete Novels of George Orwell omnibus  "The Complete Novels of George Orwell" omnibus [1976]
includes "A Clergyman's Daughter", "Animal Farm", "Burmese Days",
"Coming Up For Air", "Keep The Aspidistra Flying", and "1984"
Penguin Books 9x6 pb [8/2009] out of print/used
Penguin Classics 7¾x5 pb [2/2001] out of print/used
Secker & Warburg/Octopus 9½x6½ hardcover [1976] out of print/used



Other Works

Two essay collections were published during Orwell's lifetime—Inside the Whale and Other Essays in 1940 and Critical Essays in 1946 (the latter published in the United States as Dickens, Dali, and Others in 1958.) His publisher followed up these anthologies with Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays in 1950, England Your England and Other Essays in 1953—which was revised as Such, Such Were the Joys—and Collected Essays in 1961. The first significant publications in the United States were Doubleday's A Collection of Essays by George Orwell from 1954, 1956's The Orwell Reader, Fiction, Essays, and Reportage from Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, and Penguin's Selected Essays in 1957; re-released in 1962 with the title Inside the Whale and Other Essays and in abridged form as Why I Write in 2005 as a part of the Great Ideas series. In the aforementioned series, Penguin also published the short collections Books v. Cigarettes (2008), Some Thoughts on the Common Toad (2010), and Decline of the English Murder (2009). The later does not contain the same texts as Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays, published by Penguin in association with Secker & Warburg in 1965.


"The Collected Essays, Journalism, and Letters of George Orwell" [] edited by Sonia Orwell & Ian Angus
Volume 1: "An Age Like This 1920–1940
Volume 2: "My Country Right or Left 1940–1943 (first published 1968)
Volume 3: "As I Please, 1943–1945
Volume 4: "In Front of Your Nose, 1945–1950


"The Complete Works of George Orwell" [Random House] Edited by Peter Davison ISBN 0-15-135101-5
in twenty-volumes, with the first nine devoted to the books and novels
Volume 10: "A Kind of Compulsion: 1903–1936"
Volume 11: "Facing Unpleasant Facts: 1937–1939"
Volume 12: "A Patriot After All: 1940–1941"
Volume 13: "All Propaganda Is Lies: 1941–1942"
Volume 14: "Keeping Our Little Corner Clean: 1942–1943"
Volume 15: "Two Wasted Years: 1943"
Volume 16: "I Have Tried To Tell The Truth: 1943–1944"
Volume 17: "I Belong To The Left: 1945"
Volume 18: "Smothered Under Journalism: 1946"
Volume 19: "It Is What I Think: 1947–1948"
Volume 20: "Our Job Is To Make Life Worth Living: 1949–1950"

"Lost Orwell: Being A Supplement To The Complete Works of George Orwell" [Timewell Press in 2006 pb 9/2007]
compiled by Davison; a handful of letters, an obituary for H.G. Wells, and a reconstruction of 'Orwell's List'


"All Art Is Propaganda: Critical Essays by George Orwell" [Houghton Mifflin Oct 2008] Edited by George Packer

"Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays by George Orwell" [Houghton Mifflin Oct 2008] Edited by George Packer

George Orwell A Life in Letters book edited by Peter Davison  George Orwell: A Life In Letters [2010]
Edited by Peter Davison

Kindle Edition from Liveright [8/2013] for $16.99
Penguin Modern Classics 7¾x5 pb [2011] out of print/used
Liveright 9¼x6½ hardcover [8/2013] for $23.34
Harvill Secker U.K. 10½x7½ hardcover [5/2010] out of print/used



Movies, Stageplays, Other Media
George Orwell credits [since 1953] at Internet Movie Database

one-act play "Free Will"

Orwell adapted four stageplays as radio dramas



Works About George Orwell

"A Study of George Orwell: The Man and His Works" [Hollis & Carter 1956] by Christopher Hollis

"My Brother George Orwell" [Twentieth Century 1961] by Avril Dunn

"Orwell: Fugitive from the Camp of Victory" [Secker & Warburg 1961] by Richard Rees

"The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell" [Jonathan Cape, London 1967] by George Woodcock ISBN 0-947795-05-7

"The World of George Orwell" [Weidenfield & Nicholson 1971] by Miriam Goss

"A Boy's View of George Orwell: Psychology and Ethical Development" [Allen & Unwin 1974] by R.S. Peters

"Eric and Us: A Remembrance of George Orwell" [Frewin 1974] by Jacintha Buddicom ISBN 0-85632-076-5

"George Orwell: A Life" [Secker & Warburg 1980] by Bernard Crick

"George Orwell: A Personal Memoir" [1982] by T.R. Fyval

"Remembering Orwell" [Penguin Books 1984] by Stephen Wadham

"Inside The Myth: Orwell - Views From The Left" [Lawrence & Whishart 1984]

"The Paradox of George Orwell" [Purdue Univ Press 1986] by Richard A. Voorhees ISBN 0-911198-80-6

"George Orwell: A Political Life" [Manchester Univ Press 1993] by Stephen Ingle ISBN 0-7190-3233-4

"Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation" [W.W. Norton & Co. 2001] by Jeffrey Meyers ISBN 0-393-32263-7

"Orwell: The Life" [Henry Holt/Chatto & Windus 2003] by D.J. Taylor ISBN 0-8050-7473-2

"George Orwell" [Little, Brown 2003] by Gordon Bowker

"Orwell" [Haus Publng 2003] by Scott Lucas ISBN 1-904341-33-0

"Why Orwell Matters" [2003]

"George Orwell: Into The Twenty-first Century" [2004] Edited by Thomas Cushman & John Rodden

"The Social and Political Thought of George Orwell: A Reassessment" [Routledge 2006] by Stephen Ingle ISBN 0-415-35735-7

Orwell Rolls in His Grave docu  "Orwell Rolls In His Grave" documentary [2003]
Written & directed by Robert Kane Pappas
Go-Kart DVD [6/2005] for $14.99
full credits at IMDbofficial website
What Orwell Didn't Know essays  "What Orwell Didn't Know: Propaganda and The New Face of American Politics" [essays 2007]
Edited by Andras Szanto, Introduction by Orville Schell

PublicAffairs 8¼x5½ pb [11/2007] for $10.17

"The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell" [Cambridge Univ Press 2007]
Edited by John Rodden ISBN 0-521-67507-3

"Decency and Democracy: George Orwell, The Aspiring Plebeian" essay [7/2008] by John Rodden

"The Unknown Orwell" [] by Stansky & Abrahams

"Orwell’s Century" episode of "Think Tank" PBS TV series with Ben Wattenberg

"Orwell: The Authorised Biography" [HarperCollins 1991] by Michael Shelden ISBN 0-06-092161-7



Family & Friends
Eric Arthur Blair was born in British India in 1903, adopted the pen name 'George Orwell' in 1933,
and died of tuberculosis at age 46 in London, England in January 1950

father Richard Walmesley Blair []
mother Ida Mabel Limouzin Blair []
sister Marjorie Blair []
sister Avril Blair Dunn []

first wife Eileen O'Shaughnessy Blair [–1945] married 1935, died 1945
son Richard Horatio Blair [] adopted 1944

second wife Sonia Brownell Blair [-1980] married 1949, widowed 1950

literary rights owner George Orwell Productions, Ltd. was set up on 12 September 1947
unscrupulous executor Jack Harrison []



L i n k s
George Orwell entry at Wikipedia
George Orwell credits [since 1953] at Internet Movie Database
George Orwell Quotations Page at Working Minds Philosophy website
browse George Orwell Store at Amazon
The Orwell Prize [est. 1993] for political writing
online etexts of George Orwell works at Internet Archive's Open Library
George Orwell links at the Open Directory Project
George Orwell Archives at University College London
http://orwell.ru/a_life/newsinger/english/e_oc



"Animal Farm" Novel & Movies Page
"Nineteen Eighty-Four (1 9 8 4)" Novel & Movies Page

Online sales in association with  browse George Orwell Store at Amazon

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