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Greek  philosopher  Plato
[427-347 B.C.E.]


marble bust of Greek philosopher Plato [427-347 B.C.E.]             short profile

major works
quotations
other works

plays, movies,
other media

Kindle Editions

works about Plato

image gallery

friends & family

links


Greek philosopher Plato [427-347 BCE] was a student of Socrates [469-399 BCE] and the teacher
of Aristotle [384-322 BCE], who tutored Alexander the Great [356-323 BCE].

          B I O
          t e x t
          h e r e

Plato entry at Wikipedia
Plato page at Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plato page at Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

browse The Plato Store {300 titles} at Amazon



Major  Works

The current standard Greek text of Plato's complete works is the Oxford Classical Text in five volumes
edited by John Burnet; its first edition was published 1900-1907.

The various works of Plato were translated into English from Ancient Greek: by Henry Francis Cary [1772-1844];
by George Burges [1786-1864]; the complete works in 1871 by Benjamin Jowett [1817-93]; and the Hamilton-Cairn
"Collected Dialogues of Plato, Including The Letters" published by Bollingen Foundation in 1961.

The ten works in this section were chosen because they are included in the "Plato Reader" and "Portable Plato" books.


The 1997 Hackett "Plato, Complete Works" edited by John M. Cooper is considered "the definitive edition
in English of the Platonic writings . . . replaces completely the Hamilton-Cairns collection".

Plato: Complete Works book edited by John M. Cooper & D.S. Hutchinson  "Plato: Complete Works" [1997] Edited by John M. Cooper & D.S. Hutchinson
Kindle Edition from Hackett Publng [8/2011] for $33.12 {sic}
Hackett Publng 9¼x6½ hardcover [5/97] for $48.84
1800+ pages that include Platonian works and 'non-Platonian works in the Socratic style'; the Table of Contents lists: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo; Cratylus; Theaetetus; Sophist; Statesman; Parmen-ides; Philebus; Symposium, Phaedrus; First & Second Alcibiades; Hipparchus; Rival Lovers; Theages; Charm-ides, Laches; Lysis; Euthydemus; Protagoras; Gorgias; Meno; Greater & Lesser Hippias; Ion; Menexenus; Clito-phon; The Republic; Timaeus; Critias; Minos; Laws; Epinomis; Letters; Definitions; On Justice; On Virtue; Demodocus; Sisyphus; Halcyon; Eryxias; Axiochus; and Epigrams


"Plato's Apology"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apology_(Plato)

"Plato's Crito"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crito

"Plato's Euthyphro"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euthyphro

"Plato's Meno"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meno

"Plato's Phaedo (On The Soul)"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaedo

"Plato's Phaedrus"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaedrus_(dialogue)

"Plato's Protagoras"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protagoras_(dialogue)

"Plato's Symposium"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symposium_(Plato)
"Plato's Timaeus"
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timaeus_(dialogue)


"Plato's Republic" [circa 380 BCE]
"Plato's Republic" entry at Wikipedia

                                   

http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Enriched-Classics-Plato/dp/1416599703/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Illustrated-Plato-ebook/dp/B00JYIUJVO/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Influential-Classic-Plato/dp/0857083139/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-New-Translation-Plato/dp/0393314677/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Oxford-Worlds-Classics-Plato/dp/0192833707/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Oxford-Worlds-Classics-Plato/dp/0199535760/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Penguin-Classics-Plato-ebook/dp/B002RI9L3A/
http://www.amazon.com/Republic-Plato/dp/1468091697/
http://www.amazon.com/The-Republic-Dover-Thrift-Editions/dp/0486411214/

Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Republic book by Robert Mayhew  "Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Republic" [1997]
by Robert Mayhew

Kindle Edition from Rowman & Littlefield [1997 edition] for $25.99 {sic}
Rowman & Littlefield 9x5¾ pb [9/97] for $34.95
Rowman & Littlefield 9x6 hardcover [9/97] out of print/used
Maison d'Être Bookstore's Aristotle [384-322 B.C.E.] Page
Rhetoric of Plato's Republic book by James L. Kastely  "The Rhetoric of Plato's Republic: Democracy and The Philosophical  8/2015
Problem of Persuasion" [2015] by James L. Kastely

A rhetorical defense of democracy is a discourse on justice, but Plato's fellow philoso-phers cannot see how justice is a value in itself. Kastely demonstrates how "The Repub-lic" is a democratic epic poem and a pioneering work in rhetorical theory that examines issues of justice, communication, persuasion, and audience – a seedbed of theoretical ideas that resonate all the way up to our contemporary democratic practices.
Univ Chicago Press hardcover [8/2015] for $34.55


Plato Selections collection edited by Raphael Demos  "Plato: Selections" [1927]
Edited & Introduction by Raphael Demos

Macmillan Publng pb [6/72] out of print/used
Macmillan Publng mass pb [1955] out of print/used
Charles Scribner's Sons hardcover [1927] out of print/used
online text of the Introduction by Raphael Demos
The Works of Plato 1928 book edited by Irwin Edman  "The Works of Plato" [1928]
Translated by Benjamin Jowett [1817-93],
Selected & Edited by Irwin Edman

Modern Library 9x6 hardcover [1928] out of print/used
Portable Greek Reader anthology by W.H. Auden  "The Portable Greek Reader" [1948] by W.H. Auden
includes Plato's "Timaeus" and excerpts from "Phaedo",
"Laws", and "The Seventh Letter"

Kindle Edition from Penguin Group [1977 edition] for $13.83
Penguin Books 7¾x5 pb [8/77] for $14.56
Viking Adult hardcover [3/55] out of print/used
Viking Adult hardcover [9/48] out of print/used
The Portable Plato book edited by Scott Buchanan  "The Portable Plato" [1955] Edited by Scott Buchanan
658 pages that contain: Chronology, Bibliography, Protagoras,
Symposium, Phaedo, and The Republic (Books I to X)

Kindle Edition from Penguin Books [1977 edition] for $14.39
Viking mass pb [1959] out of print/used
Penguin Books 7½x5 pb [3/77] for $16.44
Viking Adult hardcover [8/55] out of print/used
Plato Reader book by Ronald Levinson  "A Plato Reader" [1966] by Ronald B. Levinson
Wadsworth Publng 8¼x5¼ pb [1/66] out of print/many used

"The Plato Reader" [1996] by T.D.J. Chappell
Forty-six key passages from Plato in an entirely new,
modern translation, arranged thematically

Edinburgh Univ Press 8½x5½ pb [1/66] for $49.95

Plato Reader book edited by C.D.C. Reeve  "A Plato Reader: Eight Essential Dialogues" [2012]
Edited by C.D.C. Reeve

Kindle Edition from Hackett Publng [9/2012] for $9.99
Hackett Publng 8¾x6 pb [9/2012] for $23.00
Hackett Classics 9x6 library hardcover [9/2012] for $49.00
includes Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno, Phaedo,
Symposium, Phaedrus, and The Republic



Quotations  of  Plato

“Wise men talk because they have something to say; fools, because they have to say something.”

“One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being
governed by your inferiors.”

“Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find
a way around the laws.”

“To be at once exceedingly wealthy and good is impossible.”

“The price of apathy towards public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.”

“We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.”

“Never discourage anyone who continually makes progress, no matter how slow.”

“No man should bring children into the world who is unwilling to persevere to the end in their nurture and education.”

“Music gives a soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and life to everything.”

“Apply yourself both now and in the next life. Without effort, you cannot be properous.
Though the land be good, you cannot have an abundant crop without cultivation.”

“The object of education is to teach us to love what is beautiful.” (in "The Republic")

“We do not learn, and what we call learning is only a process of recollection.”



Other  Works
There are 29 works in the Plato Canon, plus another sixteen considered 'Spurious' (: probably not written by Plato himself)

"First & Second Alcibiades"
  "Axiochus"
"Charmides"
  "Cleitophon"
"Cratylus"
"Critias"
  "Definitions"
  "Demodocus"
  "Epinomis"
  "Epigrams"
  "Eryxias"
"Euthydemus"
"Gorgias"
  "Halcyon"
  "Hipparchus"
"Greater & Lesser Hippias"
"Ion"
"Laches"
"Laws"
"Letters"
"Lysis"
"Menexenus"
  "Minos"
  "On Justice"
  "On Virtue"
"Parmenides"
"Philebus"
  "Rival Lovers"
"Sophist"
"The Statesman"
  "Sisyphus"
"Theaetetus"
  "Theages"



Stageplays,  Movies,  Other  Media

http://www.imdb.com/character/ch0137312/

"The Death of Socrates (399 B.C.)" [May 1953] /tt0751926/ episode of the "You Are There" CBS-TV series
portrayed by both Paul Newman & John Cassavetes

"Plato" [1987] /tt1046520/ episode of "The Great Philosophers" TV series

"We're Still Here" [1997] /tt0119808/
80-minute Comedy, Drama, Romance - Two housewives discuss philosophical themes (actually an updated dialogue of
Plato and Socrates) while doing the house work, the husband of one of them rehearses his part in a play (reading...

"Allegory of The Cave [2006] /tt0857299/
27 min documentary short - Based on Greek philosopher Plato, explores human behavior, society,
culture, politics and religion and how they affect the way we think and behave.




Kindle  Editions
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'All Works of Plato' in Kindle format from Amazon Digital  "All Works of Plato" for Kindle [undated]
31 works in 3789 pages; combination of versions translated by Henry Francis Cary [1772-1844] and by Benjamin Jowett [1817-93]
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [undated] for $1.99
Plato The Complete Works in Kindle format from Amazon Digital  "Plato: The Complete Works" for Kindle [undated]
29 works in 3917 pages; combination of versions translated by George Burges [1786-1864] and by Benjamin Jowett [1817-93]
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [undated] for 99¢
'Collected Works of Plato' in Kindle format from Collected Works Press  "The Collected Works of Plato" for Kindle [2010]
28 works as translated by Benjamin Jowett [1817-93] in 1871, in 1,822 pages {sic}
Kindle Edition from Halcyon Press [7/2010] for $1.99
Essential Plato Collection, 25 works in Kindle format from Amazon Digital Services  "The Essential Plato Collection: 25 Works, Illustrated" for Kindle [2011]
2476 pages from the Benjamin Jowett [1817-93] translations of 1871: Apology, Charmides, Cratylus, Critias, Crito, Euthydemus, Euthyphro, Gorgias, Ion, Laches, Laws, Lysis, Menexenus, Meno, Parmenides, Phaedo, Phaedrus, Philebus, Protagoras, The Republic, Sophist, Statesman, Sympo-sium, Theaetetus, and Timaeus – with 10 unique illustrations
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [2011] for $1.99
Complete Works of Plato in Kindle format Delphi Classics  
"Delphi Complete Works of Plato (Illustrated)" for Kindle [2012]
8169 pages with a 'no-nonsense master table of contents'; includes 29 Platonic Works, 15 Spurious Works (absent Cleitophon), Letters, three biographies, four modern critiques, many illustrations
Kindle Edition from Delphi Classics [2/2012] for $2.51
Plato Collection, 38 Classic Works in Kindle format from Acheron Press  "The Plato Collection: 38 Classic Works" for Kindle [2012]
3376 pages and a linked table of contents; includes Alcibiades I & II; Apology; Charmides; Cleito-phon; Cratylus; Critias; Crito; Epinomis; Eryxias; Euthydemus; Euthyphro; Gorgias; Hipparchus; Lesser & Greater Hippias; Ion; Laches; Laws; The Letters; Lovers; Lysis; Menexenus; Meno; Minos; Parmenides; Phaedo; Phaedrus; Philebus; Protagoras; The Republic; The Seventh Letter; Sophist; The Statesman; Symposium; Theaetetus; Theages; and Timaeus
Kindle Edition from Acheron Press [11/2012] for $1.99
'Plato Ultimate Collection' in Kindle format from Everlasting Flames Publng  
"Plato Ultimate Collection: All Works Plus Multiple Analysis Plus Biography" [2013]
includes 29 works (each with in-depth introduction & analysis), Introduction To Plato, biography
Kindle Edition from Everlasting Flames Publng [10/2013] for $1.99
Complete Works of Plato in Kindle format from e-artnow  "The Complete Works of Plato" for Kindle [2013]
includes 29 Platonic Works, 14 Spurious Works (with Cleitophon, absent Definitions & Epigrams), Letters, and several essays about Plato's works
Kindle Edition from e-artnow [11/2013] for 99¢
Plato Dialogues Complete Works in Kindle format from Annotated Classics  "Plato Dialogues: Complete Works, Historical Background, and Modern Interpretation of Plato's Ideas" for Kindle [2014]
Kindle Edition from Annotated Classics [3/2014] for $1.99


Works  About  Plato  &  Platonism
The several books below that are entitled "Philosophy: From Plato To ..." are a definite clue
as to Plato's importance in early Western philosophy.

Greek philosopher Plato article by Elbert Hubbard   "Plato" 34-page article [orig 1907] by Elbert Hubbard [1856-1915]
Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [9/2010] for $12.76
Kessinger Publng 9x6 hardcover [9/2010] for $24.76
extracted from "Little Journeys To The Homes of The Great, Volume 10: Great Teachers" [1908]
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [undated] for $1.99
Ulan Press 10x7½ pb [8/2012] for $23.99
Univ California Libraries {blue cover} 8x5 pb [1916 facsimile] for $28.99
The Roycrofters hardcover [1908] out of print/used
includes articles on Thomas Arnold, Confucius, Christian Science founder Mary Baker Eddy, Desiderius Erasmus, Friedrich Fröbel, Greek philosopher Hypatia, King Alfred the Great of Wessex, Moses, Greek philosopher Plato, Greek philosopher Pythagoras, St. Benedict of Nursia, and Afro-American leader Booker T. Washington

Platonism & The Spiritual Life book by George Santayana  
"Platonism and The Spiritual Life" [orig 1927]
100-page article/essay by George Santayana [1863-1952]

Kessinger Publng 9x6 pb [9/2010] for $15.96
Charles Scribner's Sons hardcover [1927] out of print/used
Philosophic Classics series from Prentice Hall  "Philosophic Classics: From Plato To Derrida"
[1961; rev 2002] by Forrest E. Baird & Walter Kaufmann

Prentice Hall 6th edition pb [1/2010] for $103.33
Prentice Hall 5th edition 9x7 pb [4/2007] for $69.82
Prentice Hall 4th edition pb [7/2002] out of print/used
From Plato To Piaget / Educational Theorists book by William Cooney, Charles Cross, Barry Trunk  "From Plato To Piaget: The Greatest Educational Theorists From Across The Centuries and Around The World" [1993]
by William Cooney, Charles Cross & Barry Trunk

Fifteen essays on the important role that education plays in our world, covering Plato, Confucius, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Johann Frederich Herbart, Horace Mann, William James, Booker T. Washington, John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Carl Rogers, B.F. Skinner, Shinichi Suzuki, and Jean Piaget – with Introduction and Conclusion
Kindle Edition from Amazon Digital Services [1993 edition] for $30.71 {sic}
Univ Press of America 9x5½ pb [11/93] for $32.33
Univ Press of America 9½x6¼ hardcover [11/93] out of print/many used
Full House The Spread of Excellence book by Stephen Jay Gould  
"Full House: The Spread of Excellence From Plato To Darwin" [1996]
by Stephen Jay Gould

Random House 9x6 pb [10/97] for $11.20
Three Rivers hardcover [9/96] out of print/used
Plato in 90 Minutes book by Paul Strathern  "Plato in 90 Minutes" [1996]
by Paul Strathern

Ivan R. Dee, Publrs 8x5 pb [9/96] for $9.95
Ivan R. Dee, Publrs 9x6 hardcover [9/96] out of print/used
Art of Living / Socratic Reflections book by Alexander Nehamas  "The Art of Living: Socratic Reflections From Plato To Foucault" [1998]
by Alexander Nehamas

Author reexamines Socrates's significance in Western philosophy (as reported by Plato) and then shows his importance in the writings of Montaigne, Nietzsche, and Foucault
Kindle Edition from Univ California Press [2000 edition] for $16.17
Univ California Press 9x6 pb [3/2000] for $28.76
Univ California Press 9½x6½ hardcover [9/98] out of print/used
Virtues of Authenticity / Plato and Socrates book by Alexander Nehamas  "Virtues of Authenticity: Essays On Plato and Socrates" [1998]
by Alexander Nehamas

A collection of 16 previously-published essays on various themes concerning Plato and Socrates
Princeton Univ Press 9¼x6 pb [11/98] for $28.83
Princeton Univ Press 9½x6½ hardcover [11/98] out of print/used
Essential Plato book by Paul Strathern  
"The Essential Plato" [2002]
by Paul Strathern

Virgin Philosophers mass pb [4/2002] out of print/used
Plato For Beginners book by Robert Cavalier & Eric Lurio  "Plato For Beginners" [2007]
by Robert Cavalier, Illustrated by Eric Lurio

Kindle Edition from For Beginners [2007 edition] for $12.34
For Beginners 9x6 pb [8/2007] for $12.99
Introducing Plato Graphic Guide book by Dave Robinson & Judy Groves   "Introducing Plato: A Graphic Guide" [2011]
by Dave Robinson & Judy Groves

Kindle Edition from Icon Books [2005 edition] for $5.38
Icon Books mass pb [1/2011] for $9.72
Icon Books 8½x5½ pb [10/2001] for $12.95
The Just City fantasy novel by Jo Walton  "The Just City: A Tale of Philosophy, Art, and The Struggle For Excellence In All Things" [2015] by Jo Walton
Time-travelling goddess Pallas Athene gathers ten thousand bright children and several hundred adults from across history on an island in Ancient Greece and asks them to develop an ideal community based on the ideas in Plato's "Republic". The task is not easy to begin with, and gets more difficult upon the arrival of Plato's teacher Sokrates . . .
Kindle Edition from Tor/Macmillan [1/2015] for $12.99
Tor Books 8½x5¾ hardcover [1/2015] for $19.70

The Philosopher Kings fantasy novel by Jo Walton  "The Philosopher Kings: A Novel" [2015] by Jo Walton
Sequel to "The Just City", twenty years later: The god Apollo (in human form as Pythias) suffers a tragic loss and becomes unhinged with grief and a desire for revenge.
Kindle Edition from Tor/Macmillan [6/2015] for $12.99
Tor Books 8¼x5¾ hardcover [6/2015] for $18.74

"New Skins For Old Wine: Plato's Wisdom For Today's World" [May 2007] by Stephen C. Lovatt
1581129602 (ISBN13: 9781581129601) Published by Universal Publishers

"The School of Freedom: A Liberal Education Reader From Plato To The Present Day" [7/2009]
by Anthony O'Hear & Marc Sidwell
http://www.amazon.com/School-Freedom-Liberal-Education-Present/dp/1845401344/

"The Worlds of Plato and Aristotle" [October 15, 2011] by James B. Wilbur(Author), Harold J. Allen(Author)
http://www.amazon.com/Worlds-Plato-Aristotle-James-Wilbur/dp/1258161745/



Image  Gallery

the fresco 'School of Athens' [1509-11] by Raphael [1483-1520]    the fresco "School of Athens" [1509-11]
by Raphael [1483-1520]
Used on many book covers, et cetera, about Plato and Aristotle, or about general philosophy.
Painted on the wall in the Stanza della Segnatura (Signature Room) in the Pope's Library of the Vatican in Rome, Italy. The two central walking figures are Plato (red clothing, bald with long beard) and Aristotle (blue clothing, short hair & beard).
    detail from the fresco 'School of Athens' [1509-11] by Raphael [1483-1520]



Friends  &  Family
Platon was born either in Athens or on the island of Aegina; the year was anywhere from 428 to 423, with the consensus
being 427 BCE. Plato studied with Pythagoras & Socrates, traveled, and then founded the Academy School in 387 BCE;
late in life he taught in Syracuse. Plato died in Athens in 347 BCE, aged around 80 years.

father Ariston of Collytus [d. 424 BCE]
mother Perictione
two brothers Adeimantus & Glaucon, and a sister Potone
stepfather Pyrilampes
half-brother Antiphon

teacher Pythagoras

teacher Socrates

student Aristotle [384-322 B.C.E.]



L i n k s
Plato entry at Wikipedia
Plato page at Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Plato page at Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
browse The Plato Store {300 titles} at Amazon

works by Plato {59 items in English and Greek} at Project Gutenberg
'spurious' Platonic works {4 titles} at Project Gutenberg
works by Plato {returns 1,323 items) at Internet Archive

BS's 'Plato and His Dialogues' fansite [est. 1996]



Greek philosopher Plato [427-347 B.C.E.] Page
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