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Reference & Technical Page
            D.W. Grifith's cameraman Billy Bitzer, back in the hand-crank days             people, A to Z

cinema formats

technical books

documentary films

image gallery

links

organizations

                  


"It's never as good as the dailies nor as bad as the first cut."
— Hollywood maxim

Cinematography entry at Wikipedia

list of Best Cinematography Oscar® winners & nominees at Wikipedia

A.M.P.A.S. Teachers Guide pages on Cinematography


Films  About  Cinematography

No Subtitles Necessary Laszlo & Vilmos documentary feature by James Chressanthis   "No Subtitles Necessary: Laszlo & Vilmos" [indep 2009]
Lifelong friends László Kovács [1933-2007] and Vilmos Zsigmond used film school equipment to document the Soviet crackdown of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, then volunteered to smuggle the footage out of the country. As refugees, they struggled to make it in Hollywood and finally broke into the mainstream during the 1970s. Co-produced, written & directed by James Chressanthis; multi-star cast of on-camera interviewees
video/DVD not yet available; full credits from IMDb • official movie site

Shooting Women documentary feature by Alexis Krasilovsky   "Shooting Women" [indep 2008]
Written & directed by Alexis Krasilovsky; featuring Akiko Ashizawa, Sue Gibson, Marina Goldovskaya, Amy C. Halpern, Shu Shi Jun, Ellen Kuras, Hilda Mercado, Brianne Murphy, Agnès Varda & Vijayalakshmi
home use DVD available at Women Make Movies website
full credits at IMDb • director's official website
Double Exposures / Voice of The Camera  "Double Exposures: Voice of The Camera" [indep March 2007]
Produced & directed by Bruce Merwin; participants include Leonard Chapman, Ed Di Giulio, William A. Fraker ASC & BSC, Victor J. Kemper ASC, Fred J. Koenkamp ASC, Ben Kufrin, Tak Miyagishima & Owen Roizman ASC
CustomFlix color DVD [3/2007] for $39.95
producer's movie site
Cinematographer Style poster  "Cinematographer  Style" [T-Stop Aug 2006]
After interviews with 110 cinematographers, snippets were edited into a coherent & brilliant & stunning course in the art & craft of cinematography.
Co-produced, co-written & directed by Jon Fauer
Docurama color DVD [9/2008] for $24.49
full credits from IMDb • official movie site
Visions of Light movie   "Visions of Light: The Art of Cinematography" [N.H.K./A.F.I. Feb 1993]
Co-directed by Arnold Glassman, Todd McCarthy & Stuart Samuels; interviewees include Caleb Deschanel, William A. Fraker, Conrad Hall, James Wong Howe, László Kovács, Sven Nykvist, Vilmos Zsigmond, plus many more
Image Ent. color DVD [5/2000] for $21.49
Fox color VHS [4/94] for $29.98
full credits from IMDb

Kodak Australia Cinematography Master Class videos [2005]
2½-minute promo on YouTube featuring
Allen Daviau, Peter James, Denis Lenoir, Robby Müller & Sacha Vierny

Studio Lighting Workshop Master Class video    


Location Lighting Master Class video    

"Lighting Dances With Wolves with Dean Semler"
2-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45

"Lighting Dead Poets Society with John Seale"
1:11-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] out of prodn/scarce

"Studio Lighting: A Comparative Workshop with Donald McAlpine & Denis Lenoir"
2½-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45

"Location Lighting with Geoff Burton"
1:46-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45

"Shooting For Realism with Allan Daviau & Sacha Vierny"
3-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] out of prodn/scarce

"Shooting For Drama with Robby Müller & Peter James"
4-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45

"Shooting For Fantasy with Sacha Vierny & Denis Lenoir"
1:37-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45

"Shooting For Black and White With Allen Daviau & Denis Lenoir"
1:36-minute excerpt on YouTube
First Light color VHS [9/2008] for $85.45




Cinematographers

A thru F   ·   G thru L   ·   M thru R   ·   S thru Z

"Hollywood Cameramen: Sources of Light" [1970] by Charles Higham
Indiana Univ Press pb [6/70] out of print/used
Thames & Hudson, Ltd. hardcover [6/70] out of print/used

Masters of Light / Conversations With Contemporary Cinematographers  "Masters of Light: Conversations With Contemporary Cinematographers"
[1984] by Dennis Schaefer & Larry Salvato

Univ CA Press 9x6 pb [1/86] for $27.50
Univ CA Press hardcover [1/84] out of print/used
interviewees include Nestor Almendros, John Alonzo, John Bailey, Bill Butler, Michael Chapman, Bill Fraker, Conrad Hall, Laszlo Kovacs, Owen Roizman, Vittorio Storaro, Mario Tozi, Haskell Wexler, Billy Williams, Gordon Willis & Vilmos Zsigmond
Women Behind The Camera  "Women Behind The Camera: Conversations With Camerawomen" [1997]
by Alexis Krasilovsky

Praeger 9¼x6 pb [4/97] for $32.95
Praeger 9¾x6½ hardcover [4/97] for $67.95
author credits at IMDb • author/director's official website
"Women Behind The Camera" documentary film [indep 2007]
Written & directed by Alexis Krasilovsky; won Spirit Award at Moondance Intl. Film Festival
DVD available at official website; full credits at IMDb • official movie site

Contemporary Cinematographers  "Contemporary Cinematographers On Their Art" [1998]
by Pauline B. Rogers

Focal Press 9¼x6 pb [1/98] for $35.67
interviewees include Thomas Ackerman, John S. Bartley, Donald Burgess, Dean Cundey, Roger Deakins, Stephen Goldblatt, Emmanuel Lubezki, Jo Mayer, Donald A. Morgan, Donald M. Morgan ASC, Dennis Muren, David Nowell & Salvatore Totino
"More Contemporary Cinematographers On Their Art" [2000]
by Pauline B. Rogers

Focal Press 9¼x6 pb [6/2000] out of print/used
interviewees include Mike Benson, Peter James, Daryn Okada, Neil Roach, Ward Russell, Nancy Schrieber, John Schwartzman, Dean Semler, Dante Spinotti, Ueli Steiger & Vilmos Zsigmond

Cinematographers At Work  "Reflections: Twenty-One Cinematographers At Work" [2002]
by Benjamin Bergery

A.S.C. Press 11x9 pb [6/2002] for $79.95
interviewees include Henri Alekan, Yves Angelo, Stephen Burum, Raoul Coutard, Jordan Cronenweth, Allen Daviau, Frederick Elmes, Stephen Goldblatt, Jack Green, John Hora, Michael Hugo, Darius Khondji, Laszlo Kovacs, Denis Lenoir, Tony Pierce-Roberts, Steven Poster, Owen Roizman, Phillipe Rousselot, Vittorio Storaro, Haskell Wexler & Vilmos Zsigmond

           A   thru   F
    Stanley Kubrick favorite
John  Alcott  [1931-86] of U.K.
DVDs of John Alcott at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

     Truffaut favorite
Néstor  Almendros  [1930-92] of Spain
DVDs of Néstor Almendros at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

John A. Alonzo  [1934-2001]
DVDs of John A. Alonzo at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

     John  Alton  [1901-96]
DVDs of John Alton at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

John  Bailey
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Lucien Ballard  [1908-88]
DVDs of Lucien Ballard at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Michael  Ballhaus [b. 1935]
DVDs of Michael Ballhaus at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

his son  Florian  Ballhaus
DVDs of Florian Ballhaus at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

D.W. Griffith [1875-1948] favorite
G.W.  'Billy'  Bitzer  [1872-1944]
DVDs of G.W. Bitzer at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Billy Bitzer autobiography  "Billy Bitzer: His Story - The Autobiography of
D.W. Griffith's Master Cameraman" [1973]
by G.W. Bitzer

FS&G pb [1/73] out of print/used

Geoff  Burton of Australia
IMDb listing • Wikipedia {empty}

Stephen  H.  Burum
DVDs of Stephen Burum at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Bill  Butler
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

won Oscar for Best Color Cinematography for "Black Narcissus" [1947]  won Honorary Oscar in 2001    Jack  Cardiff  [1914-2009]
DVDs of Jack Cardiff at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

"[Jack Cardiff] made color into a genuinely and dynamically expressive element in filmmaking."
director Martin Scorsese

Magic Hour by Jack Cardiff  
"Magic Hour: An Autobiography" [1996]
by Jack Cardiff

Faber & Faber pb [8/97] for $20.93
Faber & Faber 9¾x6¼ hardcover [9/96] for $0.00

won Oscar for "Titanic" [1997]    Russell  Carpenter
DVDs of Russell Carpenter at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Michael  Chapman
DVDs of Michael Chapman at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

William H. Clothier  [1903-96]
DVDs of William Clothier at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Truffaut & Godard favorite
Raoul  Coutard  of France
DVDs of Raoul Coutard at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Jordan Cronenweth  [1935-96]
DVDs of Jordan Cronenweth at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Erich von Stroheim and Greta Garbo favorite
William H. Daniels  [1901-70]
IMDb listing [1922-70] • Wikipedia

EB's fansite for cinematographer William H. Daniels

Allen  Daviau, ASC
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Coen Brothers favorite
Roger  Deakins
DVDs of Roger Deakins at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Pasolini favorite
Tonino Delli Colli  [1922-2005] of Italy
DVDs of Tonino Delli Colli at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Caleb  Deschanel
DVDs of Caleb Deschanel at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Christopher  Doyle
DVDs of Caleb Deschanel at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Gabriel Figueroa  [1907-97; Mexico & Hollywood]
IMDb listing • official website • Wikipedia

William  A.  Fraker
DVDs of William Fraker at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

first cinematographer  Wm. Friese-Greene  [1855-1921]
Friese-Greene's claims to have invented various methods for motion picture photography are considered
to be false; virtually all of his inventions and patents, including a stereoscopic {3-D} camera (1898),
were either impractical or unsuccessful in the marketplace, and he died a pauper. Yet he is honored
as a cinema pioneer in Britain, because many of his ideas were later manifested by others.

B.F.I. profile • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

"The First Cinematographer" 1999 lifesize bronze sculptures
of Wm. Friese-Greene by Diane Thomson of U.K.
sited at Shepperton & Pinewood & Panavison in U.K. and at Panavision in California

newspaper portrait of William Friese-Greene, circa 1890  
"Friese-Greene: Close-Up of An Inventor" biography [1948]
by Ray Allister

Arno Press facsimile edition hardcover [3/72] out of print/scarce
Marsland Publns hardcover [1948] out of print/used
The Magic Box 1952 feature film starring Robert Donat  "The Magic Box" [Festival of Film 1951, U.K. & USA 1952]
Produced by and for Britain's 1951 'Festival of Film', later released as a theatrical feature. Uses double flashback design to tell the story of the British portrait photographer obsessed with inventing a practical motion picture camera, and later a method for color cinematography. Directed by John Boulting; script by Eric Ambler, based on Ray Allister's biography; Technicolor cinematography by Jack Cardiff; with an all-star cast including Robert Donat {as Friese-Greene}, Margaret Johnston, Maria Schell, Richard Attenborough, Frederick Valk, Eric Portman, Laurence Olivier, Stanley Holloway, Michael Hordern, Michael Redgrave, Margaret Rutherford & Peter Ustinov
Region 1 DVD or VHS not available • full credits at IMDb • movie entry at BFI

William's son  Claude Friese-Greene  [1898-1943]
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Lost World of Friese-Greene special on BBC-TV   "The Lost World of Friese-Greene" 3-part TV special [BBC-TV 2006]
Claude Friese-Greene and his friend Robin Haywood Booth embarked on an epic journey, calling it 'The Open Road', and from 1924 to 1926 they filmed Great Britain from Land's End to Scotland's John O'Groats, using a technique called Biocolour. Some eighty years later, the British Film Institute and BBC-TV revisited that journey.
Co-produced & directed by Annabel Hobley; hosted by Dan Cruickshank
Region 1 VHS/DVD/Blu-ray not available; full credits at IMDb

Tak  Fujimoto
DVDs of Tak Fujimoto at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

           G   thru   L
Stephen  Goldblatt  from South Africa
DVDs of Stephen Goldblatt at Amazon • IMDb listing

John  Newton  'Jack'  Green, ASC
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame          Conrad  Hall  [1926-2003]
DVDs of Conrad Hall at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia
received 10 Oscar nominations [1966-2003]; won in 1970, 2000 & 2003

Sidney  Hickox  [1895-1982]
DVDs of Sidney Hickox at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

won Oscar for Best Black-and-White Cinematography for "The Rose Tattoo" [1955]  won Oscar for Best Black-and-White Cinematography for "Hud" [1963]    Magic Lantern's
James  Wong  Howe  [1899-1976] Page
received 10 Oscar nominations [1939-1976]; won in 1956 & 1964

Alan  Hume  of U.K.
DVDs of Alan Hume at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

A Life Through The Lens  
"A Life Through The Lens: Memoirs of A Film Cameraman"
[2004] by Alan Hume & Gareth Owen

McFarland & Co. 9¼x6¼ pb [5/2004] for $35.00

Peter  James  of Australia
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Darius Khondji  from France
DVDs of Darius Khondji at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

     Fred J. Koenekamp
DVDs of Fred Koenekamp at Amazon • IMDb listing [1957-91] • Wikipedia

László Kovács  [1933-2007] from Hungary
DVDs of László Kovács at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

New Wave King / Laszlo Kovacs  
"New Wave King: The Cinematography of Laszlo Kovacs, ASC"
[2002] by Ray Zone

A.S.C. Press 9x7 pb [2/2002] out of print/used
"Hells Angels On Wheels" [1967]
"Targets" [1968]
"Easy Rider" [1969]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Easy_Pieces [1970]
"Alex In Wonderland" [1970]
Dennis Hopper's "The Last Movie" [1971]
"The King of Marvin Gardens" [1972]
"Paper Moon" [1973] /tt0070510/
"For Pete's Sake [1974]
"Shampoo [1975] with a href=WarrenBeatty.htm target="_blank">Warren Beatty
"New York, New York" [1977] with Martin Scorsese
"The Last Waltz" [1978] with Martin Scorsese
"Ghostbusters" [1984]
"My Best Friend's Wedding" [1997]
"Miss Congeniality" [2000]

    Charles  Lang,  Jr.  [1902-98]
DVDs of Charles Lang, Jr. at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia
received 18 Oscar nominations [1931-1973]; won in 1934

Andrew  Laszlo  from Hungary
DVDs of Andrew Laszlo at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Laszlo / Rembrandt  
"Every Frame A Rembrandt: Art & Practice of Cinematography"
[2000] by Andrew Laszlo, ASC

Focal Press 9¼x6 pb [5/2000] for $27.99

     Ernest  Laszlo  [1898-1984]
DVDs of Ernest Laszlo at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia
received 8 Oscar nominations [1961-1977]; won in 1966

Denis  Lenoir  of France
DVDs of Denis Lenoir at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Emmanuel  Lubezki  of Mexico
DVDs of Emmanuel Lubezki at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

           M   thru   R
star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame  J.  Peverell  Marley  [1901-64]
DVDs of J. Peverell Marley at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Donald  McAlpine  of Australia
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

      Chris  Menges  of U.K.
DVDs of Chris Menges at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame  won Oscar by write-in vote for "A Midsummer Night's Dream" [1935]  won shared Oscar for "Phantom of The Opera" [1943]    Hal  Mohr  [1894-1974]
DVDs of Hal Mohr at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Robby  Müller  of Holland & Germany
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

      Ingmar Bergman favorite
Sven  Nykvist  [1922-2006] from Sweden
DVDs of Sven Nykvist at Amazon • IMDb listing [1942-2000] • Wikipedia

Sven Nykvist wrote three books, including "Vördnad för ljuset
(Reverence For The Light)" [1997] and "Curtain Call" [1999]

Light Keeps Me Company docu film about cinematographer Sven Nykvist  "Light Keeps Me Company" [Sweden 2000, USA May 2001]
Swedish title "Ljuset håller mig sällskap". Based on Sven's memories as evoked by a return to his birthplace, the remote village of Moheda in Sweden. Co-produced, co-written & directed by {Sven's son} Carl-Gustaf Nykvist; featuring Woody Allen, Bibi Andersson, Sir Richard Attenborough, Ingmar Bergman, Jean Doumanian, Mia Farrow, Erland Josephson {also narrator}, László Kovács, Roman Polanski, Julia Roberts, Giuseppe Rotunno, Gena Rowlands, Susan Sarandon, Stellan Skarsgård, Vittorio Storaro, Jan Troell, Liv Ullmann, Max von Sydow & Vilmos Zsigmond
First Run Features color DVD [1/2002] for $16.35
First Run Features color VHS [1/2002] for $5.00
full credits at IMDb • First Run's official movie page

Wally  Pfister
DVDs of Wally Pfister at Amazon • IMDb listing • official website • Facebook page • Wikipedia

star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame  won shared Best Color Cinematography Oscar for "Gone With The Wind" [1939]  won shared Best Color Cinematography Oscar for "Blood and sand" [1941]    Ray  Rennahan  [1896-1980]
DVDs of Ray Rennahan at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia
received 7 Oscar nominations [1940-1945]; won in 1940 & 1942

won shared Best Color Cinematography Oscar for "Gone With The Wind" [1939]

Owen  Roizman
DVDs of Owen Roizman at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

won shared Honorary Oscar in 1937 for Color Cinematography on "Garden of Allah"     Harold Rosson  [1895-1988]
DVDs of Harold Rosson at Amazon • IMDb listing [1915-66] • Wikipedia
received 5 Oscar nominations [1940-1957]; won shared Honorary Oscar in 1937

married to actress Jean Harlow, 1933-34
nominated for Best Color Cinematography Oscar for "The Wizard of Oz" [1939]

Fellini favorite
Giuseppe  Rotunno
DVDs of Giuseppe Rotunno at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

won Oscar for "A River Runs Through It" [1992]    Philippe  Rousselot
DVDs of Philippe Rousselot at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

           S   thru   Z
Kurosawa favorite
Takao  Saitô
DVDs of Takao Saitô at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

John  Seale  of Australia
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Dances With Wolves" [1990]    Dean  Semler
DVDs of Dean Semler at Amazon • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame  won Oscar for Best Color Cinematography for "The Black Swan" [1942]  won Oscar for Best Color Cinematography for "Wilson" [1944]  won Oscar for Best Color Cinematography for "Leave Her To Heaven" [1945]  won Oscar for Best Color Cinematography for "Cleopatra" [1963]    Leon  Shamroy  [1901-74]
DVDs of Leon Shamroy • IMDb listing [1926-70] • Wikipedia
received 18 Oscar nominations [1939-1966]; won in 1943, 1945, 1946 & 1964

Dante  Spinotti  of Italy
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

         Vittorio  Storaro  of Italy
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Vittorio Storaro & son's proposal for Univisium 3-perf film format

Storaro: Writing With Light   "Storaro: Writing With Light" by Vittorio Storaro
Volume 1: The Light

Aperture Bilingual 12x12¼ {6.25 lbs} hardcover [7/2002] out of print/rare
Volume 2: The Colors
Electa Bilingual 11¾x11¾ {6.75 lbs} hardcover [11/2003] out of print/rare
Volume 3: The Elements
Electa Bilingual Edition hardcover [11/2003] out of print/used

      Harry  Stradling,  Sr.  [1901-70]
DVDs of Harry Stradling, Sr. • IMDb listing [1920-70] • Wikipedia
received 14 Oscar nominations [1944-1970]; won in 1946 & 1965

his son  Harry  Stradling,  Jr.
DVDs of Harry Stradling, Jr. at Amazon • IMDb listing [1944-88] • Wikipedia

        Robert  L.  Surtees  [1906-85]
DVDs of Robert Surtees • IMDb listing [1931-78] • Wikipedia
received 14 Oscar nominations [1945-1979]; won in 1951, 1953 & 1960

his son  Bruce  Surtees
DVDs of Bruce Surtees at Amazon • IMDb listing [1966-2002] • Wikipedia

won Oscar for Best B&W Cinematography for "Wuthering Heights" [1939]    Gregg  Toland  [1904-48]
DVDs of Gregg Toland • IMDb listing [1926-48] • Wikipedia

received 6 Oscar nominations [1936-1942]; won in 1940

Frank Borzage's melodrama "History Is Made At Night" [1937]
Oscar for Best B&W Cinematography for "Wuthering Heights" [1939]
nominated for Best B&W Cinematography Oscar for "Citizen Kane" [R.K.O. 1941]

Mario  Tosi  of Italy
DVDs of Mario Tosi at Amazon • IMDb listing [1950-82] • Wikipedia {empty}

won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Cabaret" [1972]  won posthumous shared Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Tess" [1979]    Geoffrey  Unsworth  [1914-78]
DVDs of Geoffrey Unsworth • IMDb listing [1939-80] • Wikipedia

favorite of Alain Resnais & Peter Greenaway
Sacha  Vierny  [1919-2001] of France
IMDb listing • Wikipedia

star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame        Haskell  Wexler
DVDs of Haskell Wexler • IMDb listing • Wikipedia

Tell Them Who You Are docufilm by Mark Wexler  "Tell Them Who You Are" documentary [indep May 2005]
The son of legendary Oscar-winning cinematographer & filmmaker Haskell Wexler
shot documentary footage that reveals the relationship between father & son.

Co-written & directed by Mark Wexler
ThinkFilm color DVD [10/2005] for $28.49
full credits at IMDb

won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Gandhi" [1982]    Billy  Williams
DVDs of Billy Williams • IMDb listing [1954-2000] • Wikipedia

favorite of Woody Allen & Francis Ford Coppola
Gordon  Willis
DVDs of Gordon Willis at Amazon • IMDb listing [1966-97] • Wikipedia

won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Lawrence of Arabia" [1962]  won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Doctor Zhivago" [1965]  won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Ryan's Daughter" [1970]    David Lean favorite
Freddie  Young  [1902-98] of U.K.
DVDs of Freddie Young • IMDb listing [1922-85] • Wikipedia
received 5 Oscar nominations [1953-1972]; won in 1963, 1966 & 1971

Seventy Light Years  
"Seventy Light Years: A Life In The Movies" [1999]
by Freddie Young

Faber & Faber 9½x6¼ hardcover [9/99] out of print/many used

won Oscar for Best Cinematography for "Close Encounters of The Third Kind" [1977]    Brian De Palma favorite
Vilmos  Zsigmond  from Hungary
DVDs of Vilmos Zsigmond • IMDb listing • Wikipedia



Cinema  Formats
film formats pages at Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers
'list of film formats' entry at Wikipedia


widescreen

The American WideScreen Museum [est. 1996]
CinemaScope 'wing' at Widescreen Museum

album cover for music from This Is Cinerama  "This Is Cinerama" 60th Anniversary Edition [Cinerama Releasing Sept 1952]
Original release was 116-minute film in combining three 35mm frames for a 2.59:1 widescreen format frame ratio, displayed on a very curved screen; also the first major film released in stereophonic sound. Early b&w history of film segment then jumps to widescreen: episodes include a roller coaster ride; "Aida" opera; Niagara Falls; canals of Venice, Italy; a bullfight; and "Aida" finale; after the road show intermission: Cypress Gardens water ski show and footage of America taken from TalMantz's B-25 camera bomber. "The 2011 restoration reformats the picture into a 3-dimensional computer graphic, the trademarked Smilebox Curved Screen Simulation, to replicate the film's original theatrical viewing experience." Directed by Merian C. Cooper, Gunther von Fritsch, Ernest B. Schoedsack & Michael Todd, Jr.; hosted by Lowell Thomas; listed on National Film Registry (2002)
Flicker Alley, LLC Blu-ray/DVD combo [9/2012] 2 disks for $39.71
full credits at IMDb • movie entry at Wikipedia

"The History of Cinerama" [1985 thesis] by Thomas E. Erffmeyer

Widescreen Cinema book  
"Widescreen Cinema" [1992] by John Belton
Harvard Univ Press 9x7½ pb [11/92] out of print/used
Cinerama Adventure  "Cinerama Adventure" documentary feature [indep Sept 2003]
Written, directed & narrated by David Strohmaier; featuring experts Rudy Behlmer,
John Belton, Kevin Brownlow, Thomas Erffmeyer, Leonard Maltin & Howard Rust
video/DVD not available • full credits from IMDb • official website
Letterboxed, Evolution of Widescreen Cinema book by Harper Cossar   "Letterboxed: The Evolution of Widescreen Cinema" [2010]
by Harper Cossar

Univ Press of Kentucky 9x6¼ hardcover [12/2010] for $60.00


High-Definition & IMAX formats
Entertainment Technology Expo [formerly HD Expo est. 2001]
events held in New York City, Chicago & Los Angeles

logo of IMAX Theatres [est. 1967] of Toronto & New York City
The IMAX {Image Maximum} system originated at Expo 67 in Montreal, Canada; the first permanent
IMAX theater opened in Toronto in 1971; IMAX 3-D launched at Expo 86 in Vancouver, BC, Canada.
The system uses 70mm by 48.5mm frames, projected in various ways to a gigantic screen that is usually
22 metres (72 ft.) wide and 16.1 metres (53 ft.) high; there are currently 320 IMAX theatres in 42 countries
{23 in Canada, 200+ in USA}.

IMAX company website • IMAX entry at Wikipedia

IMAX Ultimate Collection DVD box set  "IMAX Ultimate Collection" DVD box set [2009]
Imax color DVD set [1/2009] 20 disks for $83.99
includes "Blue Planet" [1990]; "China: The Panda Adventure" [2001]; "Cosmic Voyage" [1996]; "Deep Sea 3D" [2006]; "Destiny In Space" [1994]; "The Dream Is Alive" [1985]; "Fires of Kuwait" [1992]; "Galapagos: The Enchanted Voyage" [1999]; "Hail Columbia!" [1982]; "Hidden Dimension" [1997]; "Into The Deep" [1994]; "L5: First City In Space" [1996]; "Mark Twain's America in 3D" [1998]; "Mission To Mir" [1997]; "Mountain Gorilla" [1992]; "NASCAR 3D" [2004]; "The Secret of Life On Earth" [1993]; "Space Station 3D" [2002]; "Survival Island" [1996]; and "T-Rex: Back To The Cretaceous" [1998]
IMAX Space Collection DVD box set  "The IMAX Space Collection" DVD box set [2001]
Imax color DVD set [10/2001] 5 disks for $35.99
includes 37-min. "Hail Columbia!" [1982] narrated by James Whitmore; 37-min. "The Dream Is Alive" [1985] narrated by Walter Cronkite; 40-min. "Blue Planet" [1990]; 40-min. "Destiny In Space" [1994] narrated by Leonard Nimoy; and 40-min. "Mission To Mir" [1997] narrated by August Schellenberg



stereoscopic {3-D} formats
stereoscopy entry at Wikipedia
3-D film entry at Wikipedia
3-D Film Preservation Fund
Stereoscopic Displays & Applications Conference [Jan 2010 = #15] in San Jose, CA

more info (movies, books, glasses, hardware, links) on
Magic Lantern's Stereoscopic {3-D} Cinema Page
top of page   •    history   •   books   •   selected 3-D movies   •   pioneers & experts   •   equipment   •   links

Stereoscopic Photography book by Arthur W. Judge  "Stereoscopic Photography: Its Application To Science, Industry
& Education" [orig 1926, rev 1935 & 1950, republd 2007]
by Arthur W. Judge

Ghose Press 7½x5½ pb [3/2007] for $30.95
Ghose Press hardcover [11/2008] for $43.45
3D Movie Making book by Bernard Mendiburu  "3D Movie Making: Stereoscopic Digital Cinema From Script
To Screen" [2009]
by Bernard Mendiburu

Focal Press pb [5/2009] for $44.95


Vittorio Storaro & son's 1998 proposal for Univisium 3-perf film format


Blu-ray Discc logo
Blu-ray® format
Blu-ray Disc entry at Wikipedia
Blue-ray Disc Assn. [est. 2002]

The Blu-ray Disc Store at Amazon
Brenden Fletcher's 'Blu-ray Blog' site



Books  About  Cinematography

The Filmmaker's Eye book by Gustavo Mercado  "The Filmmaker's Eye: Learning (and Breaking) The Rules of Cinematic Composition" [2010]
by Gustavo Mercado

Focal Press 9x9 pb [9/2010] for $18.45
Cinematography for Directors book by Jacqueline B. Frost  "Cinematography For Directors: A Guide For Creative Collaboration"
[2009] by Jacqueline B. Frost

Michael Wiese Prodns 10x7 pb [8/2009] for $19.77
Master Shots / Camera Techniques book by Christopher Kenworthy  "Master Shots: 100 Advanced Camera Techniques to Get an Expensive Look on Your Low-Budget Movie" [2009]
by Christopher Kenworthy

Michael Wiese Prodns 7½x11 pb [1/2009] for $14.97
Wheeler's Practical Cinematography  
"Practical Cinematography" [orig 2000, 2nd edition 2005]
by Paul Wheeler

Focal Press 9¾x7½ pb [2/2005] for $26.56
Camera Assistant's Manual  "The Camera Assistant's Manual" [orig 1993?, 4th edition 2005]
by David E. Elkins, SOC

Focal Press 9x6¼ pb [1/2005] for $44.95
American Cinematographer Manual  "American Cinematographer Manual" [orig 1980, 9th edition 2004]
by Stephen H. Burum

A.S.C. Press 7¼x4 hardcover [11/2004] for $99.95
Century of European Cinematography  "Making Pictures: A Century of European Cinematography" [2003]
from Imago, edited by Richard Sears

Abrams 11¼x9¾ {5.4 pound} hardcover [5/2003] for $40.95
Cinematography / Image Making  "Cinematography: Image Making For Cinematographers, Directors & Videographers" [2002]
by Blain Brown

Focal Press 10x7 pb [10/2002] for $31.02
Laszlo / Rembrandt   "Every Frame A Rembrandt: Art & Practice of Cinematography"
[2000] by Andrew Laszlo, ASC

Focal Press 9¼x6 pb [5/2000] for $27.99
Andrew Laszlo's credits from IMDb
Cinematography Screencraft  "Cinematography: Screencraft (Illustrated)" [1999]
by Peter Ettedgui

Focal Press 12½x9¼ pb [8/99] out of print/used
Matters of Light & Depth  "Matters of Light and Depth: Creating Memorable Images For Video, Film & Stills Through Lighting" [1999]
by Ross Lowell

lighting for still & film & digital photography
Lowel-Light Mfg 9x9 pb [4/99] for $28.95
Camera Assistant Professional Handbook  
"The Camera Assistant: A Complete Professional Handbook"
[1995] by Douglas C. Hart

Focal Press 9½x6½ hardcover [12/95] for $58.54
author credits at IMDb
Placing Shadows / Lighting Techniques  "Placing Shadows: Lighting Techniques For Video Production"
[1995] by Chuck B. Gloman & Tom Letourneau

Focal Press 10x7 pb [3/2000] for $24.49
Light   "Painting With Light" [1995] by cinematographer John Alton
Univ of Calif Press 10x7½ pb [4/95] for $19.25
Univ of Calif Press hardcover [4/95] out of print/used
John Alton [1901-96] credits from IMDb
Professional Cameraman's Handbook  "The Professional Cameraman's Handbook" [orig 1981, rev 1993]
by Sylvia & Verne Carlson

Focal Press 4th edition 9x5¾ hardcover [12/93] out of print/used
Focal Press 2nd edition 8¾x5¾ hardcover [8/91] out of print/many used
Masters of Lens and Light Checklist book by William Darby  "Masters of Lens and Light: A Checklist of Major Cinematographers and Their Feature Films" [1991] by William Darby
Filmographies for 708 American and world cinematographers from 1915 through 1990
Scarecrow Press 9x6½ hardcover [12/91] for $146.30
Five American Cinematographers Interviews book by Scott Eyman  "Five American Cinematographers: Interviews with Karl Struss, Joseph Ruttenberg, James Wong Howe, Linwood Dunn & William H. Clothier" [1987] by Scott Eyman
Scarecrow Press 8¾x5½ hardcover [10/87] out of print/scarce

see also Magic Lantern's James Wong Howe [1899-1976] Page

Film Lighting / Cinematographers & Gaffers book by Kris Malkiewicz  "Film Lighting: Talks With Hollywood's Cinematographers and Gaffers" [1986] by Kris Malkiewicz
Interviews with gaffers {chief electricians} and cinematographers who know their business, including John Alonzo ASC, Caleb Deschanel ASC, Conrad Hall ASC, James Wong Howe ASC, Haskell Wexler ASC, Vilmos Zsigmond ASC, among others; book is divided into cinematography, lighting equipment, image manipulation, and studio & location lighting; with glossary
Fireside Books 9x7 pb [8/86] for $15.61
Cinematography Guide by Kris Malkiewicz  
"Cinematography: A Guide for Film Makers & Film Teachers" [1973]
by Kris Malkiewicz

Fireside Books 9¼x7½ pb [8/92] for $16.10
Freddie Young, winner of 3 Oscars for Cinematography  "The Work of The Motion Picture Cameraman" [1972]
by Freddie Young

Hastings House hardcover [1/72] out of print/used
Five C's   "The Five C's of Cinematography: Motion Picture Filming Techniques"
[1965 classic] by Joseph V. Mascelli

Silman James Press 11x8½ pb [6/98] for $20.97

American Cinematographer Magazine
American
Cinematographer
Magazine

direct 1-year PRINT subscription
{12 issues} for $29.95

direct 1-year DIGITAL subscription
{12 issues} for $29.95

magazine website

Camera Operator Magazine [est 1992], from the Society of Camera Operators
Camera Operator
Magazine

subscribe directly:
2 issues/year for $20.00

magazine website

Intl. Cinematographers Guild Magazine
Intl. Cinematographers
Guild Magazine

1-year subscription
via Amazon
{12 issues} for $48.00

magazine website


Image  Gallery

           camera rig on silent film star Harry Langdon's automobile

L i n k s
Magic Lantern's Film Industry Page
Magic Lantern'sReference & Technical Page
Tim Tyler's cinematography.com website [est. 1998]
Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers [est. 1998]



Organizations

Guild of British Camera Technicians        British Society of Cinematographers [est. 1949]

American Society of Cinematographers [est. 1919]        Society of CameraOperators [est. 1978]        Hungarian Society of Cinematographers {site broken 12/2006}        Japanese Society of Cinematographers [est. 1954]

Intl. Cinematographers Guild [est. 1926, merged 1996] - I.A.T.S.E. Local 600        Australian Cinematographers Society [est. 1957]        IMAGO: European Federation of National Cinematographers Associations [est. 1992]

Canadian Society of Cinematographers [est. 1957]        German Society Of Cinematographers [est. 1980] aka 'Bundesverband Kamera'

Argentinean Society of Cinematographers {requires Flash}
Austrian Assn. of Cinematographers [est. 1976]
Croatian Cinematographers Society [est. 1996]
Italian Society of Cinematographers A.I.C. [est. 1950]
Netherlands Society of Cinematographers
TV Cameramen [dot] com online magazine {based in Cyprus}



professional clapboard slate  
Clapboard Slate
12x11" display-only clapboard [undated] for $32.99


Cinematography Page at Magic Lantern Video & Book Store

top of page • people, A to Z • cinema formats • technical books • documentary films • image gallery • links • organizations

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Online sales in association with  cinematography books category at Amazon

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Film Festivals & Orgns  |   History of Cinema  |   Film Businesses Page

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