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cinema pioneer
Georges  Méliès

[1861-1938]

animated landing on the Moon [1902] by George Méliès of France         short profile

movies of Georges Méliès

works about Georges Méliès

friends & family

links

           cinema pioneer Georges Méliès [1861-1938] of France

Georges Méliès was a stage magician before producing and directing films. He accidentally
discovered the stop trick, or substitution, in 1896, and was one of the first filmmakers to use
multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted color in his films.
Méliès is sometimes referred to as the 'Cinemagician'.


          B I O
          t e x t
          h e r e

brother Gaston Méliès helped his older brother in his screenplays and film productions, and in 1903 he opened a sales office in New York City to market his films in the USA
younger brother Henri Méliès ran the family shoe factory in London
Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès Date of Birth 8 December 1861, Paris, France Date of Death 21 January 1938, Paris, France
The Theatre Robert-Houdin was closed in 1914 as a result of World War I. This sent him into bankruptcy
awarded the Legion of Honor in 1931.

1902: Thomas Edison made pirated prints of Méliès's silent short sci-fi masterpiece "A Trip To The Moon" and distributed them across the U.S before Méliès could do so, effectively stealing the U.S. box office revenue.

French-language official Georges Méliès website
Georges Méliès entry at Wikipedia
Georges Méliès credits [1896-1913] at Internet Movie Database {over 550 entries}
character Georges Méliès credits at Internet Movie Database



Movies  of  Georges Méliès

Georges Méliès credits [1896-1913] at Internet Movie Database {over 550 entries}
character Georges Méliès credits at Internet Movie Database
search for Georges Méliès on VHS & DVD at Amazon
Georges Méliès Filmography at Wikipedia

Landmarks of Early Film volume 1  "Landmarks of Early Film" Volume 1 [1994]
includes Edison Kinetoscope films (1894-96), films by the brothers Lumière (1895-97),
films by French special effects pioneer Georges Méliès, documentary 'actualities' {1897-1910),
and selected short films from 1903 to 1913

Image Ent b&w DVD [7/98] for $24.99
Landmarks of Early Film volume 2  "Landmarks of Early Film, Volume 2: The Magic of Méliès" [1994]
includes the documentary "Georges Melies: Cinema Magician" [1978]
and 15 restored Georges Méliès shorts

Image Ent. b&w/color DVD [3/99] out of prodn/used
Georges Melies First Wizard of Cinema DVD box set  "Georges Melies: First Wizard of Cinema" DVD box set [2008]
Flicker Alley b&w/color DVD set [3/2008] 5 disks for $80.99
more than 170 short films by Méliès, fifteen in hand-tinted color, from fragments to half-hour works, including "Partie de Cartes" [1896], "After The Ball" [1897], "The Misfortunes of An Explorer" [1900], "A Trip To The Moon" [1902], "The Kingdom of Fairies" [1903], "The Impossible Voyage" [1904], "The Untamable Whiskers" [1904], "The Palace of The Arabian Knights" [1905], "The Merry Frolics of Satan" [1906], "Conquest of The Pole" [1912], and "Voyage de la Famille Bourrichon" [1913]; extras include Georges Franju's touching filmed tribute "Le Grand Méliès" [1953], and a booklet of essays
Georges Melies Encore rediscovered films  
"Méliès Encore: 26 Additional Rare and Original Films By The First Wizard of Cinema, 1896-1911" [2010]
Flicker Alley b&w DVD [2/2010] for $19.95
contains 23 short films by Méliès, from fragments to half-hour works, plus imitator "Excursion To The Moon" and two 'in the Méliès style' by Segundo de Chomon

·            ·

The usual practice on this website is to code films based on the listing at IMDb, then search Amazon for DVD & Blu-ray releases, and fill out the 'Movies of' section over multiple sessions. But Georges Méliès has over 550 short films listed, and roughly 200 are available on the two collection DVD sets above, and winnowing the 200 out of the 550 makes no sense. However, since the films of Georges Méliès are all public domain, the Internet Archive contains over forty Georges Méliès silent shorts (and a few fragments) that can be viewed online for free. Those films are coded below, in alphabetical order of English title – 'for your viewing pleasure', as the saying goes – and other films/links will be added as they are found.

"Le Voyage dans La Lune (A Trip To The Moon)"
14-minute silent short [France Sept 1902]
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia
view silent version [11/2011 upload; 12:52] for free at Internet Archive

"A Mesmerian Experiment (Le Baquet de Mesmer)" color silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:10] at Internet Archive

"An Impossible Voyage" color silent two-reeler [France 1905]
aka "Le Voyage à Travers l'Impossible"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [19:58] at Internet Archive

"The Black Imp (Le Diable Noir)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:53] at Internet Archive

"The Christmas Angel (L'Ange de Noël)" silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [9:38] at Internet Archive

"The Conquest of The Pole (A la Conquête du Pôle)" tinted silent short [Pathé/Star France 1912]
bare credits at IMDbrestored film page at Europa Film Treasures

"The Cook In Trouble (Sorcellerie Culinaire)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [4:28] at Internet Archive

"The Diabolical Church Window (Le Vitrail Diabolique)" tinted silent short [France 1911]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [7:16] at Internet Archive

"The Doctor's Secret (Hydrothérapie Fantastique)" silent short [France 1910]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [9:53] at Internet Archive

"The Eclipse (Eclipse de Soleil en Pleine Lune)" silent short [France 1907]
bare credits at IMDbview version #1 [9:10]view version #2 [9:08 with piano]

"The Enchanted Sedan Chair (La Chaise à Porteurs Enchantée)" silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:10] at Internet Archive

"Eruption On Mount Pelée (Éruption Volcanique à la Martinique)" silent short [France 1902]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:03] at Internet Archive

"Every Man His Own Cigar Lighter (Un Peu de Feu s.v.p.)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview fragment [0:07] for free at Internet Archive

"The Fugitive Apparitions (Les Apparitions Fugitives)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:56] at Internet Archive

"Good Glue Sticks (La Colle Universelle)" silent short [France 1907]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [5:02] at Internet Archive

"The Haunted Castle (Le Château Hanté)" silent short [France 1897]
aka "The Devil's Castle (Le Manoir du Diable)"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:18] at Internet Archive

"The Hilarious Posters (Les Affiches en Goguette)" silent short [France 1906]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:22] at Internet Archive

"How Bridget's Lover Escaped (Le Mariage de Victorine)" silent short [France 1907]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [8:17] at Internet Archive

"The Inventor Crazybrains and His Wonderful Airship" color silent short [France 1906]
aka "Le Dirigeable Fantastique ou le Cauchemar d’un Inventeur"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:43] at Internet Archive

"Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc)" color silent short [France 1899]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [accented English narration; 10:21] at Internet Archive

"The King and The Jester (François 1er et Triboulet)" silent short [France 1907]
bare credits at IMDbview damaged print for free [4:50] at Internet Archive

"The Last Cartridges (Les Dernières Cartouches)" silent short [France 1897, USA 1903]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:06] at Internet Archive

"The Living Playing Cards (Les Cartes Vivantes)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:45] at Internet Archive

"Long Distance Wireless Photography" silent short [France 1908]
aka "La Photographie Électrique à Distance"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [6:01] at Internet Archive

"The_Mermaid (La Sirène)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:58] at Internet Archive

"The Monster (Le Monster)" silent short [France 1903]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:51] at Internet Archive

"The Mysterious Island" silent short [France 1905]
aka "L’Ile de Calypso: Ulysse et le Géant Polyphème"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:32] at Internet Archive

"The Mysterious Retort" color silent short [France 1906]
aka "Alchimiste Parafaragaramus ou la Cornue Infernale"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:14] at Internet Archive

"The Mystical Flame (La Flamme Merveilleuse)" silent short [France 1903]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:00] at Internet Archive

"Off To Bloomingdale Asylum" silent short [France 1901]
aka "L'Omnibus des Toqués Blancs et Noirs"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:02] at Internet Archive

"On The Roof (Sur les Toits)" silent short [France 1897]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:08] at Internet Archive

"Post No Bills (Défense d’Afficher)" silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:14] at Internet Archive

"The Prolific Magic Egg" silent short [France 1902]
aka "L'Oeuf du Sorcier ou L'Oeuf Magique Prolifique"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [1:54] at Internet Archive

"Robert Macaire and Bertrand" silent short [France 1906]
aka "Robert Macaire et Bertrand, les Rois des Cambrioleurs"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [10:45] at Internet Archive

"Robinson Crusoe (Les Aventures de Robinson Crusoé)" silent short [France 1903]
bare credits at IMDbview fragment for free [1:17] at Internet Archive

"Satan In Prison" silent short [France 1907]
bare credits at IMDbview for free {5:02] at Internet Archive

"The Scheming Gamblers Paradise (Le Tripot Clandestin)" silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:02] at Internet Archive

"Sea Fighting In Greece (Combat Naval en Grèce)" silent short [France 1897]
bare credits at IMDbview for free at Internet Archive

"The Spider and The Butterfly" color silent short [France 1909]
aka "Le Papillon Fantastique"
bare credits at IMDbview fragment for free [1:47] at Internet Archive

"Tchin-Chao, The Chinese Conjurer" silent short [France 1904]
aka "Le Thaumaturge Chinois"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:22] at Internet Archive

"20,000 Leagues Under The Sea" silent two-reeler [France 1907]
aka "Deux cent milles sous les mers ou le cauchemar du pêcheur"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [9:56 only] at Internet Archive

"The Untamable Whiskers (Le Roi du Maquillage)" silent short [France 1904]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:39] at Internet Archive

"The Wandering Jew (Le Juif Errant)" silent short [France 1905]
bare credits at IMDbview for free [2:57] at Internet Archive

"The Wonderful Living Fan" silent short [France 1904]
aka "Le Merveilleux Éventail Vivant"
bare credits at IMDbview for free [3:18] at Internet Archive



Works  About  Georges Méliès

Le Grand Méliès docu-drama by Georges Franju  "Le Grand Méliès" docu-drama [RKO/Pathé 1952]
Georges Franju's touching 31-minute filmed tribute features both of Méliès's wives,
with André Méliès portraying his father;
written & directed by Georges Franju;
narrated by François Lallement; featuring André Méliès, Jeanne d'Alcy Méliès &
Marie-Georges Méliès
available on DVD on the "First Wizard of Cinema" box set [2008] above
Kino Intl. b&w VHS [7/95] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDbmovie entry at Wikipedia

"Georges Melies: Cinema Magician" documentary [Blackhawk Films 1978]
21-minute documentary written & directed by Luciano Martinengo & Patrick Montgomery
available on DVD on "Landmarks of Early Film, Volume 2" [1994] above
credits at IMDb

Méliès The Magician tv documentary  "Melies The Magician" tv documentary [Gaumont 1997]
Directed by Jacques Meny
Facets b&w DVD [1/2002] out of prodn/used
full credits at IMDb
Georges Melies bio  "Georges Méliès (French Film Directors Series)" [2000]
by Elizabeth Ezra

Manchester Univ Press 8x5 pb [9/2000] for $19.55
Manchester Univ Press 8x5¼ hardcover [9/2000] out of print/used
Turning Points in Film History book by Andrew J. Rausch  "Turning Points In Film History" [2004]
by Andrew J. Rausch, Foreword by Joe Bob Briggs

Chapters/topics include Thomas Edison; Georges Méliès; D.W. Griffith & "The Birth of A Nation" [1915]; Sergei Eisenstein & montage; the Academy Awards; Walt Disney; Orson Welles & "Citizen Kane" [1941]; Film Noir; The French New Wave; The MPAA Ratings System; The Blaxploitation Movement; Hollywood's New Wave; Home Video; the modern blockbuster; and Pixar & C.G.I.
Citadel 8¾x6 pb [10/2004] out of print/used

"Hugo"  [Warner Bros. Nov 2011]
Robert Richardson won Oscar for Best Cinematography    won Oscar for Best Art Direction    won Oscar for Best Sound Editing    
won Oscar for Best Sound Mixing    won Oscar for Best Visual Effects    
Hugo 2011 movie from Martin Scorsese  
Live-action adventure in 3-D based on Brian Selznick’s bestselling 2007 book; filmed in U.K. & in Paris, France
Co-produced & directed by Martin Scorsese; script by John Logan; starring Asa Butterfield, Ben Kingsley {as cinema pioneer Georges Méliès}, Sacha Baron Cohen, Chloe Grace Moretz, Helen McCrory, Jude Law, Christopher Lee, Emily Mortimer, Frances de la Tour, Richard Griffiths & Michael Stuhlbarg, with archive footage enhanced for 3-D of Charles Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Buster Keaton, Harold Lloyd & Georges Méliès; received 11 Oscar nomina-tions: won for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Sound Editing, Best Sound Mixing & Best Visual Effects; nominatited for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Music Score, Best Costume Design & Best Film Editing; also won A.F.I. Movie of The Year, Art Directors Guild Excellence in Production Design Award, two BAFTA Film Awards (and 7 other BAFTA noms), National Board of Review Awards for Best Director & Best Film, Satellite Award for Best Visual Effects, three Visual Effects Society Awards
Paramount 3-D Three-Disk Combo w/s color Blu-ray/DVD/digital bundle [2/2012] for $27.99
Paramount Two-Disk Combo widescreen color Blu-ray/DVD/digital bundle [2/2012] for $21.99
Paramount Studios widescreen color DVD [2/2012] for $15.49
full credits at IMDbofficial movie sitemovie entry at Wikipedia

Invention of Hugo Cabret children's book by Brian Selznick  "The Invention of Hugo Cabret" [ages 9-12; 2007 bestseller]  PURPLE CHECK: listed on Amazon Editors '100 Children's Books To Read In A Lifetime' in August 2014  
by Brian Selznick

An orphan boy surviving inside a Paris, France railroad station meets an
eccentric girl and a bitter old man, putting the boy's most precious secret
in jeopardy; book won the 2008 Caldecott Medal

Scholastic Press 8¼x6 hardcover [1/2007] for $13.72
official book sitebook entry at Wikipedia



Friends  &  Family

brother Henri Méliès [1844-1922]

brother Gaston Méliès [1852-1915]

first wife Eugénie Génin Marie-Georges Méliès [1867-1913]
daughter Georgette Mélies Fontaine [1888-1930]
granddaughter Madeleine Fontaine Méliès Malthête [1923-?]
son André Méliès [1901-85]
granddaughter Marie-Georgette Méliès [1921-83]

second wife Jeanne d'Alcy Méliès [1865-1956]
married 1926, widowed January 1938

great-granddaughter Marie-Hélène Méliès-Lehérissey [b. 1948]
(attended film festival screenings in 2005 with)
great-great-grandson Lawrence Léhérissey-Méliès [b. 1972]


L i n k s

French-language official Georges Méliès website
Georges Méliès entry at Wikipedia
Georges Méliès credits [1896-1913] at Internet Movie Database
character Georges Méliès credits [1896-1913] at Internet Movie Database

Georges Méliès entry at Victorian Cinema website
Georges Méliès entry at Early Cinema website
The Georges Méliès Database
Georges Méliès page on the "Hugo Cabret" booksite



Online sales in association with  search for Georges Méliès on VHS & DVD at Amazon

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